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Major developments in the semiconductor industry are on the horizon through the use of two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, for integrated circuits (ICs). 2D Materials for Nanoelectronics is the first comprehensive treatment of these materials and their applications in nanoelectronic devices. Comprised of chapters authored by internationally recognised researchers, this book: * Discusses the use of graphene for high-frequency analog circuits * Explores logic and photonic applications of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) * Addresses novel 2D materials including silicene, germanene, stanene, and phosphorene * Considers the use of 2D materials for both field-effect transistors (FETs) and logic circuits * Provides background on the simulation of structural, electronic, and transport properties from first principles 2D Materials for Nanoelectronics presents extensive, state-of-the-art coverage of the fundamental and applied aspects of this exciting field.
About the Author
Michel Houssa earned his master’s and PhD in physics at the University of Liege, Belgium. He is presently a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Leuven, Belgium. His current research focuses on the first principles modeling of various materials, including semiconductor/oxide interfaces and two-dimensional materials (silicene, germanene, and transition metal dichalcogenides), and their heterostructures. He has authored or co-authored nearly 350 publications, given about 50 invited talks and seminars, and been co-organiser of several international symposia and conferences. He is an Electrochemical Society fellow and an Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers senior member. Athanasios Dimoulas earned his PhD in applied physics at the University of Crete, Greece. He is currently the research director and head of the Epitaxy and Surface Science Laboratory at the National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos,” Athens, Greece. He has coordinated several European-funded projects in advanced CMOS and received the European Research Council-funded SMARTGATE – “Smart Gates for the ‘Green’ Transistor” Advanced Investigator Grant 2011 – “IDEAS.” Widely published, Dr. Dimoulas has about 40 invited talks and has been active with several symposia, conferences, and committees as an organizer and chair. He has held fellowships at the University of Groningen, Holland; California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA; and University of Maryland, College Park, USA; and been a visiting research scientist at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Switzerland. Alessandro Molle earned his PhD in materials science at the University of Genoa, Italy. He is presently a research scientist and group leader of the research line on low-dimensional materials and devices in the MDM Laboratory at the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche-Istituto per la Microelettronica e Microsistemi (CNR-IMM), Agrate Brianza, Italy. He is currently involved in the integration of silicene and other 2D elementary materials into transistors, and in the synthesis and structural characterisation of 2D materials beyond graphene. Widely published, he has been active with symposia, received many invitations to present at international conferences, and guest edited special issues of proceeding papers. He has been co-chairing a master’s course on surfaces and interfaces at the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing (AM) has revolutionized how prototypes are made and small batch manufacturing carried out. With additive manufacturing, the strategies used to produce a part change a number of important considerations and limitations previously faced by tool designers and engineers. This textbook is the fourth edition of Rapid Prototyping: Principles and Applications. It covers the key AM processes, the available models and specifications, and their principles, materials, advantages and disadvantages. Examples of application areas in design, planning, manufacturing, biomedical engineering, entertainment, weaponry, art and architecture are also given. The book includes several related problems for the reader to test his or her understanding of the topics. The included CD-ROM presents animated illustrations of the working principles of today’s key AM processes.
This book introduces fundamental hardware, software and architectural aspects of microcontroller-based embedded systems in an elementary and integrated manner, providing a strong foundation for the development of expertise in designing such systems. The contents of the book are class tested to ensure the treatment is logical and easy to understand for the fresher.
A First Course in Differential Equations, Modeling, and Simulation shows how differential equations arise from applying basic physical principles and experimental observations to engineering systems. Avoiding overly theoretical explanations, the textbook also discusses classical and Laplace transform methods for obtaining the analytical solution of differential equations. In addition, the authors explain how to solve sets of differential equations where analytical solutions cannot easily be obtained. Incorporating valuable suggestions from mathematicians and mathematics professors, the Second Edition: * Expands the chapter on classical solutions of ordinary linear differential equations to include additional methods * Increases coverage of response of first- and second-order systems to a full, stand-alone chapter to emphasize its importance * Includes new examples of applications related to chemical reactions, environmental engineering, biomedical engineering, and biotechnology * Contains new exercises that can be used as projects and answers to many of the end-of-chapter problems * Features new end-of-chapter problems and updates throughout Thus, A First Course in Differential Equations, Modeling, and Simulation, Second Edition provides students with a practical understanding of how to apply differential equations in modern engineering and science.
About the Author
Scott W. Campbell has been on the faculty of the Department of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering at the University of South Florida, Tampa, USA, since 1986. He has authored or coauthored more than 60 technical peer-reviewed articles, mostly in the area of thermodynamics, and has received numerous teaching awards at the department, college, university, and state levels. Recently, Professor Campbell has been collaborating with mathematics faculty on application-based teaching of calculus and with College of Education faculty on the training of middle school science and math teachers. Carlos A. Smith is a professor emeritus of chemical engineering at the University of South Florida, Tampa, USA (USF). He has been on the faculty at USF for 43 years, serving in different capacities. Professor Smith has lectured in Europe and many countries in Latin America. He is the coauthor of three editions of a textbook on process control and the author of another book on the same subject. The books have been translated into Spanish and Portuguese.
Methane emission monitoring has become increasingly essential for diffusive area sources, especially for landfills, which contribute to a significant fraction of the total anthropogenic methane emission globally. In this study, a new method is proposed based on experimental results, which utilizes a TDLAS (Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy) instrument GasFinder2.0 system and a dispersion model LASAT (Lagrangian Simulation of Aerosol Transport) as the measurement device and calculation model, respectively. With this method, site-specific measurement approaches can be designed for not only landfills, but also different diffusive area sources with less workload and lower cost compared to conventional FED (Flame ionization Detector) method.
Published in 1989, Blueprint for a Green Economy presented, for the first time, practical policy measures for ‘greening’ modern economies and putting them on a path to sustainable development. This new book, written by two of the Blueprint for a Green Economy authors, revisits and updates its main messages by asking, first, what has been achieved in the past twenty years, and second, what more needs to be done to generate a truly ‘green economy’ in the twenty-first century? Blueprint for a Green Economy had one over-arching theme. Making economies more sustainable requires urgent progress in three key policy areas: valuing the environment, accounting for the environment and incentives for environmental improvement. Today, with the threat of global warming, the decline in major ecosystems and their services, and fears over energy security, achieving these goals is even more vital. The current book first summarizes the main messages from Blueprint for a Green Economy and explains why, given rapid and widespread global environmental degradation, they are still relevant. The book then examines the progress since Blueprint for a Green Economy in implementing policies and other measures to improve environmental valuation, accounting and incentives. Although much has been accomplished, additional advances are still required to green economies successfully. The book highlights the new policies and approaches needed for economic management of today’s environmental concerns. Over twenty years later, A New Blueprint for a Green Economy once again emphasizes practical policies for greening modern economies, and explains why such an economic roadmap to a greener future is essential, if modern economies are to develop successfully and sustainably.
About the Author
Edward B. Barbier is the John S. Bugas Professor of Economics at the University of Wyoming, USA. Anil Markandya is Scientific Director at the Basque Centre for Climate Change, Spain.
Oil and gas are important to every aspect of our economy, yet the oil and gas industry is distinguished by its combination of increasing demands and decreasing discovery volumes and it is an industry shrouded in an environment of extremely volatile pricing. Although the profits enjoyed by the oil and gas industry are enormous, the industry remains one of the most capital-intensive in a world where rising expenses continue to threaten to squeeze profit margins. Geopolitics may continue to be the most important variable in maintaining existing assets and in successfully achieving new discoveries and carrying out their subsequent development. But finding new oil and gas reserves is becoming more challenging and the places where hydrocarbons are being found are more remote. Thus technology advances are also a key variable to enable exploration, drilling and development to become economically feasible in some of these more difficult operating environments. For the last century oil and gas additions have exceeded demand but has this industry now reached a ‘peak oil’ situation? Some experts argue we are on the cusp of maximum oil production while others suggest we are still about a decade away. Natural gas demand however, is rising at a slightly faster rate than oil. Natural gas may be the immediate replacement fuel for oil as a source of clean and efficient electric power generation. Three out of the top ten Fortune 500 companies were oil/gas companies in 2011. This short introduction to the oil and gas industry will focus on history, operations, major companies, outside market forces, regulation and the current challenges the industry faces. Such factors as finite natural resources, the environment, economics, geopolitics, and technology will all come into play in the narrative. The book will demonstrate how the leaders of this industry, former champions of progress, are now coming under scrutiny and being depicted as the biggest culprits of environmental degradation. Yet the industry is likely to continue to grow until some form of alternate fuels is developed. The oil and gas industry will continue to have an enormous impact on life on the planet.
About the Author
Linda Herkenhoff Moraga, CA, Professor in Graduate Business St Mary’s College of California.
Originally published in 1938, this book was written to provide an account of the historical development of naval and marine engineering. The material which formed the basis of the text was gathered together from a variety of sources during a period of approximately thirty years. Technical papers, presidential addresses, journals, textbooks, biographies, official regulations, personal letters, reminiscences and previously unpublished manuscripts were all drawn upon to illustrate the many aspects of naval and marine engineering. Numerous illustrative figures are included throughout. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of engineering.
This is the story of how the xerographic copier, or “Xerox machine,” became a creative medium for artists and activists during the last few decades of the twentieth century. Paper jams, mangled pages, and even fires made early versions of this clunky office machine a source of fear, rage, dread, and disappointment. But eventually, xerography democratized print culture by making it convenient and affordable for renegade publishers, zinesters, artists, punks, anarchists, queers, feminists, street activists, and others to publish their work and to get their messages out on the street. The xerographic copier adjusted the lived and imagined margins of society, Eichhorn argues, by supporting artistic and political expression and mobilizing subcultural movements. Eichhorn describes early efforts to use xerography to create art and the occasional scapegoating of urban copy shops and xerographic technologies following political panics, using the post-9/11 raid on a Toronto copy shop as her central example. She examines New York’s downtown art and punk scenes of the 1970s to 1990s, arguing that xerography — including photocopied posters, mail art, and zines — changed what cities looked like and how we experienced them. And she looks at how a generation of activists and artists deployed the copy machine in AIDS and queer activism while simultaneously introducing the copy machine’s gritty, DIY aesthetics into international art markets. Xerographic copy machines are now defunct. Office copiers are digital, and activists rely on social media more than photocopied posters. And yet, Eichhorn argues, even though we now live in a post-xerographic era, the grassroots aesthetics and political legacy of xerography persists.
About the Author
Kate Eichhorn is Associate Professor of Culture and Media Studies at the New School. She is the author of The Archival Turn in Feminism.
Balanis’ second edition of Advanced Engineering Electromagnetics – a global best-seller for over 20 years – covers the advanced knowledge engineers involved in electromagnetic need to know, particularly as the topic relates to the fast-moving, continually evolving, and rapidly expanding field of wireless communications. The immense interest in wireless communications and the expected increase in wireless communications systems projects (antenna, microwave and wireless communication) points to an increase in the number of engineers needed to specialize in this field.
In addition, the Book Companion Site contains a rich collection of multimedia resources for use with this text. Resources include:
- Ready-made lecture notes in Power Point format for all the chapters.
- Forty-nine MATLAB® programs to compute, plot and animate some of the wave phenomena
- Nearly 600 end-of-chapter problems, that’s an average of 40 problems per chapter (200 new problems; 50% more than in the first edition)
- A thoroughly updated Solutions Manual
- 2500 slides for Instructors are included.
Due in part to a growing demand for offshore oil and gas exploration, the development of marine structures that initially started onshore is now moving into deeper offshore areas. Designers are discovering a need to revisit basic concepts as they anticipate the response behavior of marine structures to increased water depths. Providing a simplified approach to the subject, Advanced Marine Structures explains the fundamentals and advanced concepts of marine architecture introduces various types of offshore platforms, and outlines the different stages of marine structure analysis and design. Written from a structural engineering perspective, this book focuses on structures constructed for offshore oil and gas exploration, various environmental loads, ultimate load design, fluid-structure interaction, fatigue, and fracture. It also offers detailed descriptions of different types of structural forms, functions and limitations of offshore platforms and explains how different loads act on each. In addition, the text incorporates examples and application problems to illustrate the use of experimental, numerical, and analytical studies in the design and development of marine structures, and reviews relevant literature on wave interaction and porous cylinders. This book: * Focuses on structural reliability * Deliberates on fracture and fatigue and examines their application in marine structures * Introduces ideas on the retrofit and renovation of marine structures * Examines the strength analysis of offshore structures and structural members Advanced Marine Structures examines the design of offshore structures from a structural engineering perspective and explains the design methodologies and guidelines needed for the progressive conceptualization and design of advanced marine structures.
About the Author
Srinivasan Chandrasekaran is a professor of the Department of Ocean Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai. He has more than 23 years of teaching, research, and industrial experience. Chandrasekaran has also been a visiting fellow by invitation of the Ministry of Italian University Research to the University of Naples Federico II, Italy (MiUR Fellow), during which time he conducted research on advanced nonlinear modeling and analysis of structures under different environmental loads with experimental verifications. In addition, he has published approximately 130 research papers in international journals and refereed conferences, and authored textbooks on civil and ocean engineering.
Increase the Durability and Performance of Concrete during Its Lifetime While reinforced concrete is a durable material used for a wide range of construction projects in civil engineering, certain factors must be considered during its design, construction, and maintenance. This includes a variety of conditions impacting strength and performance relevant to specific structural systems, and the application of numerous codes. Advanced Materials and Techniques for Reinforced Concrete Structures, Second Edition discusses both traditional and new systems in concrete structures, outlines the advantages and disadvantages of each system and its importance to construction durability and reliability, and presents the latest advanced materials and construction techniques currently used in reinforced concrete structures. New Edition Now Includes Eurocode, Egyptian Code, British Standard, and American Specifications (ACI) In addition to highlighting new materials that can be used to enhance concrete strength and performance, the book describes the traditional and newest materials used in concrete technology; and presents new approaches to utilizing an integrity management system. It provides a comparison of concrete strength utilizing ACI, BS, Eurocode, and Egyptian codes of practice, and also highlights different loads that affect buildings from the application of the different international codes. By using this book, readers will learn how to: * Choose the most reasonable structural system, materials, method of construction, and maintenance plan * Determine the optimum system to meet stability, reliability, and architectural requirements * Understand the statistical parameters that govern quality control in concrete construction projects * Analyze and meet concrete construction quality control criteria * Implement a maintenance plan incorporating modern construction techniques Advanced Materials and Techniques for Reinforced Concrete Structures, Second Edition serves as a practical guide on advanced materials, design, and construction techniques in concrete structures under different environmental conditions. Designed for practicing civil and structural engineers/engineering consultants, this revised version also appeals to senior undergraduate/graduate students in civil engineering – construction materials, and reinforced concrete (RC) construction.
About the Author
Mohamed Abdallah El-Reedy, PhD, is a professional structural engineer, and his main area of research is the reliability of concrete and steel structures. Dr. El-Reedy has provided consulting services to several companies and organizations around the world. He has taught courses on repair and maintenance for reinforced concrete structures and advanced materials worldwide. In addition, he has presented numerous papers at conferences sponsored by the American Society of Civil Engineers, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Concrete Institute, the American Society for Testing and Materials, and the American Petroleum Institute. He is also the author of seven books.
Applying any material to an existing concrete surface intrinsically entails the development of a bond. Considering the ever increasing importance of concrete repair and protection, which imply the creation of an interface between two materials, an improved knowledge of concrete surface characteristics is paramount. Surface engineering, which has evolved from the world of metallurgy, addresses all surface-related considerations, notably adhesion. It provides a fundamental understanding of what will make the contact between two materials effective or not, allowing for interactions of variable intensity. It also comes with a variety of scientific tools for characterizing the quality of the substrate, the properties of the new material layer and their interface. In the case of concrete surface treatment, this is especially important for achieving lasting results. This book addresses the essentials of concrete surface engineering in view of a wide variety of concrete surface treatments, from protective coatings to repairs. It provides a leading-edge source of information for practicing engineers, architects, repair specialists, and researchers on the following topics: * Surface engineering principles applied to concrete * Methods and techniques for assessing concrete surface characteristics * Fundamentals of adhesion between concrete and surface repairs/treatments * Compatibility requirements for concrete surface repairs/treatments * Review of surface preparation techniques available for concrete * Achievement and appraisal of bond between existing concrete and surface repairs/treatments Benoit Bissonnette is professor of civil engineering at Laval University in Quebec City, Canada. Luc Courard is professor of building materials at the University of Liege in Belgium. Andrzej Garbacz is professor of building materials engineering in the Department of Building Materials Engineering at the Warsaw University of Technology in Poland.
About the Author
Benoit Bissonnette, FACI, is professor of civil engineering at Laval University in Quebec City, Canada. He has co-managed the NSERC Industrial Research Chair on Durable Repair and Optimized Maintenance of Concrete Infrastructure in the recent years and has been involved in a wide variety of research projects devoted to concrete repair. Dr. Bissonnette is a member of several technical committees of the American Concrete Institute (ACI C223 Shrinkage-compensating concrete; ACI C364 Rehabilitation), the International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems and Structures (RILEM TC 181-EAS, TC 193-RLS), and the International Concrete Repair Institute (ICRI Repair Materials and Methods Committee. He has authored or coauthored more than 125 peer-reviewed papers. Luc Courard is professor of building materials at the University of Liege in Belgium. After completing his PhD work on concrete surface characterization in the late 1990s, he went to Laval University for postdoctoral research. His research activities are still dedicated to concrete surface characterization, as well as to innovative repair materials and supplementary cementitious materials. Dr. Courard is a member of the American Concrete Institute, the International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems and Structures and the Belgian Group of Concrete. He has authored or coauthored more than 140 peer-reviewed papers. Andrzej Garbacz is professor of building materials engineering in the Department of Building Materials Engineering at the Warsaw University of Technology, Poland. Dr. Garbacz’s research interests include concrete-polymer composites, repair materials, microstructure characterization, non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques for concrete characterization and evaluation of repair materials. In 2005, he became a senior member of the International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems and Structures (RILEM). He has been participating actively to the International Congress on Polymers in Concrete (ICPIC) since 1992, being appointed as a member of the board of directors in 2007 and as secretary in 2013. He has authored or coauthored more than 120 peer-reviewed papers.
This book is the translated version of Advanced Nanodielectrics: Fundamentals and Applications, which was published by the Investigating R&D Committee on Advanced Polymer Nanocomposite Dielectrics of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEEJ). The Japanese version is a winner of the IEEJ Outstanding Technical Report Award (2016). Nanocomposites are generally composed of host and guest materials. This book deals with the combination of a polymer as a host with an inorganic filler as a guest. It provides a detailed coverage on the processing and electrical properties of nanocomposites. It gives special consideration to the surface modification of particles, theoretical aspects of the interface, and computer simulation to help the reader develop an understanding of the characteristics of nanocomposites. Moreover, it discusses potential applications of nanocomposites in electric power and electronics sectors. The book is a definitive and practical handbook for beginners as well as experts.
About the Author
Toshikatsu Tanaka is a research fellow at the IPS Research Center of Waseda University, Japan, professor emeritus at Xi’an Jiaotong University, China, and chair of the IEEJ Committee on Nanocomposites. He is a recipient of the Japanese Ministry of Science and Technology Prize (2000), Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEEJ) Technology Progress Award (1988), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Whitehead Memorial Lecture Award (2001), IEEJ Inuishi Award (2001), and IEEE Dakin Award (2002). Dr. Tanaka is an IEEE fellow and an IEEJ life fellow. He was the chair of the International Council on Large Electric Systems (CIGRE) Working Group on Nanocomposites for 6 years from 2006. Takahiro Imai received his BEng and MEng in applied chemical engineering and DEng in materials science from Waseda University in 1996, 1998, and 2006, respectively. He joined Toshiba Corporation in 1998. Dr. Imai is presently engaged in the development of electrical insulation materials and systems for switchgears at the Power and Industrial Systems R&D Center of Toshiba Corporation. He is a recipient of the IEEJ Distinguished Paper Award (2006); member of the IEEE, Society of Polymer Science, Japan, and IEEJ; and secretary of the IEEJ Nanocomposite Committee.
Advanced Technologies in Biodiesel: New Advances in Designed and Optimized Catalysts (Thermal Science and Energy Engineering Collection)
The inadequacy of fossil fuel is the main driving force of the future sustainable energy around the world. Since heterogeneous catalysis is used in chemical industry for biodiesel production, achieving optimal catalytic performance is a significant issue for chemical engineers and chemists. Enormous attention has been placed in recent years on the selection of heterogeneous catalyst in biodiesel industry, where the catalyst could be facilitated highly selective toward desired products, easily handled, separated from the reaction medium, and subsequently reused. This book stresses an overview on the contributions of tailored solid acid and base catalysts to catalytic biodiesel synthesis, and the in uences of heterogeneous catalyst properties on biodiesel yield in order to develop a better understanding of catalyst design for the green production process as well as practical applications in the biodiesel industry.
About the Author
Ph.D., Centre of Excellence for Catalysis Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia Professor.
Addresses a Global Challenge to Sustainable Development Advances in Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Industrial Waste examines and compiles the latest information on the industrial waste biodegradation process and provides a comprehensive review. Dedicated to reducing pollutants generated by agriculturally contaminated soil, and plastic waste from various industries, this text is a book that begs the question: Is a pollution-free environment possible? The book combines with current available data with the expert knowledge of specialists from around the world to evaluate various aspects of environmental microbiology and biotechnology. It emphasizes the role of different bioreactors for the treatment of complex industrial waste and provides specific chapters on bioreactors and membrane process integrated with biodegradation process. It also places special emphasis on phytoremediation and the role of wetland plant rhizosphere bacterial ecology and the bioremediation of complex industrial wastewater. The authors address the microbiological, biochemical, and molecular aspects of biodegradation and bioremediation which cover numerous topics, including microbial genomics and proteomics for the bioremediation of industrial waste. This text contains 14 chapters and covers: * Bioprocess engineering and mathematical modelling with a focus on environmental engineering * The roles of siderophores and the rhizosphere bacterial community for phytoremediation of heavy metals * Current advances in phytoremediation, especially as it relates to the mechanism of phytoremediation of soil polluted with heavy metals * Microbial degradation of aromatic compounds and pesticides: Challenges and solution * Bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated wastewater of refinery plants * The role of biosurfactants for bioremediation and biodegradation of various pollutants discharged from industrial waste as they are tools of biotechnology * The role of potential microbial enzymatic processes for bioremediation of industrial waste * The latest knowledge regarding the biodegradation of tannery and textile waste A resource for students interested in the field of environment, microbiology, industrial engineering, biotechnology, botany, and agricultural sciences, Advances in Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Industrial Waste provides recent knowledge and approaches on the bioremediation of complex industrial waste.
About the Author
Ram Chandra is a professor and founder head of the Department of Environmental Microbiology at Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Central University in Lucknow, India. He obtained his BSc (Hons) in 1984 and MSc in 1987 from Banaras Hindu University in Uttar Pradesh, India. Subsequently, he was awarded a PhD in 1994. He has accomplished leading work on bacterial degradation of lignin from pulp paper mill waste and molasses melanoidin from distillery waste. Consequently, he has also published more than 90 original research articles in national and international peer-reviewed journals. In addition, he has published 18 book chapters as well as one book on distillery wastewater pollution and bioremediation.