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Crop Genetic Diversity in the Field and on the Farm: Principles and Applications in Research Practices (Yale Agrarian Studies Series)
Based on twenty years of global research, this is the first comprehensive reference on crop genetic diversity as it is maintained on farmland around the world. Showcasing the findings of seven experts representing the fields of ecology, crop breeding, genetics, anthropology, economics, and policy, this invaluable resource places farmer-managed crop biodiversity squarely in the center of the science needed to feed the world and restore health to our productive landscapes. It will prove to be an essential tool in the training of agricultural and environmental scientists seeking the solutions necessary to ensure healthy, resilient ecosystems for future generations.
About the Author
Devra Jarvis is principal scientist, Bioversity International. Toby Hodgkin is coordinator, Platform for Agrobiodiversity Research, and honorary research fellow, Bioversity International. Anthony H. D. Brown is honorary research fellow, CSIRO Plant Industry. John Tuxill is associate professor, Western Washington University. Isabel Lopez Noriega is legal expert for Bioversity International. Melinda Smale is professor, Department of Agriculture, Food, and Resources Economics, Michigan State University. Bhuwon Sthapit is senior scientist, Bioversity International.
In recent years, the popularity of organically grown produce has exploded. In 2014, organic fruits and vegetables accounted for 12% of all produce sales in the United States, with $39 billion in consumer sales reported for 2015. As a federally recognized niche market within the agricultural mainstream, organic farming is increasingly on display in American grocery stores. Yet the organic food most Americans consume today is produced by an industrial food system at odds with the practices and ideals of small-scale farmers. Taking an ethnographic approach, the fieldwork by Connor Fitzmaurice and Brian Gareau at a small New England organic farm sheds light on how farmers navigate the difficult terrain between practices of sustainability and the economic realities of contemporary agriculture. Drawing on extensive research, Fitzmaurice and Gareau examine the historical context, complexities, and viability of nonconventional organic farming practices: practices that seek to balance ecology and community with the business of agriculture.
About the Author
Connor J. Fitzmaurice is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Sociology at Boston University. He lives in Brighton, MA. Brian J. Gareau is associate professor of sociology and international studies at Boston College. He lives in Concord, MA.