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Due in part to a growing demand for offshore oil and gas exploration, the development of marine structures that initially started onshore is now moving into deeper offshore areas. Designers are discovering a need to revisit basic concepts as they anticipate the response behavior of marine structures to increased water depths. Providing a simplified approach to the subject, Advanced Marine Structures explains the fundamentals and advanced concepts of marine architecture introduces various types of offshore platforms, and outlines the different stages of marine structure analysis and design. Written from a structural engineering perspective, this book focuses on structures constructed for offshore oil and gas exploration, various environmental loads, ultimate load design, fluid-structure interaction, fatigue, and fracture. It also offers detailed descriptions of different types of structural forms, functions and limitations of offshore platforms and explains how different loads act on each. In addition, the text incorporates examples and application problems to illustrate the use of experimental, numerical, and analytical studies in the design and development of marine structures, and reviews relevant literature on wave interaction and porous cylinders. This book: * Focuses on structural reliability * Deliberates on fracture and fatigue and examines their application in marine structures * Introduces ideas on the retrofit and renovation of marine structures * Examines the strength analysis of offshore structures and structural members Advanced Marine Structures examines the design of offshore structures from a structural engineering perspective and explains the design methodologies and guidelines needed for the progressive conceptualization and design of advanced marine structures.
About the Author
Srinivasan Chandrasekaran is a professor of the Department of Ocean Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai. He has more than 23 years of teaching, research, and industrial experience. Chandrasekaran has also been a visiting fellow by invitation of the Ministry of Italian University Research to the University of Naples Federico II, Italy (MiUR Fellow), during which time he conducted research on advanced nonlinear modeling and analysis of structures under different environmental loads with experimental verifications. In addition, he has published approximately 130 research papers in international journals and refereed conferences, and authored textbooks on civil and ocean engineering.
Addresses a Global Challenge to Sustainable Development Advances in Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Industrial Waste examines and compiles the latest information on the industrial waste biodegradation process and provides a comprehensive review. Dedicated to reducing pollutants generated by agriculturally contaminated soil, and plastic waste from various industries, this text is a book that begs the question: Is a pollution-free environment possible? The book combines with current available data with the expert knowledge of specialists from around the world to evaluate various aspects of environmental microbiology and biotechnology. It emphasizes the role of different bioreactors for the treatment of complex industrial waste and provides specific chapters on bioreactors and membrane process integrated with biodegradation process. It also places special emphasis on phytoremediation and the role of wetland plant rhizosphere bacterial ecology and the bioremediation of complex industrial wastewater. The authors address the microbiological, biochemical, and molecular aspects of biodegradation and bioremediation which cover numerous topics, including microbial genomics and proteomics for the bioremediation of industrial waste. This text contains 14 chapters and covers: * Bioprocess engineering and mathematical modelling with a focus on environmental engineering * The roles of siderophores and the rhizosphere bacterial community for phytoremediation of heavy metals * Current advances in phytoremediation, especially as it relates to the mechanism of phytoremediation of soil polluted with heavy metals * Microbial degradation of aromatic compounds and pesticides: Challenges and solution * Bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated wastewater of refinery plants * The role of biosurfactants for bioremediation and biodegradation of various pollutants discharged from industrial waste as they are tools of biotechnology * The role of potential microbial enzymatic processes for bioremediation of industrial waste * The latest knowledge regarding the biodegradation of tannery and textile waste A resource for students interested in the field of environment, microbiology, industrial engineering, biotechnology, botany, and agricultural sciences, Advances in Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Industrial Waste provides recent knowledge and approaches on the bioremediation of complex industrial waste.
About the Author
Ram Chandra is a professor and founder head of the Department of Environmental Microbiology at Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Central University in Lucknow, India. He obtained his BSc (Hons) in 1984 and MSc in 1987 from Banaras Hindu University in Uttar Pradesh, India. Subsequently, he was awarded a PhD in 1994. He has accomplished leading work on bacterial degradation of lignin from pulp paper mill waste and molasses melanoidin from distillery waste. Consequently, he has also published more than 90 original research articles in national and international peer-reviewed journals. In addition, he has published 18 book chapters as well as one book on distillery wastewater pollution and bioremediation.
The leading integrated chemical process design guide: Now with extensive new coverage and more process designs More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Fourth Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details-and knows which to stress when, and why. Realistic from start to finish, this updated edition moves readers beyond classroom exercises into open-ended, real-world process problem solving. The authors introduce integrated techniques for every facet of the discipline, from finance to operations, new plant design to existing process optimization. This fourth edition adds new chapters introducing dynamic process simulation; advanced concepts in steady-state simulation; extensive coverage of thermodynamics packages for modeling processes containing electrolyte solutions and solids; and a concise introduction to logic control. “What You Have Learned” summaries have been added to each chapter, and the text’s organization has been refined for greater clarity. Coverage Includes * Conceptualization and analysis: flow diagrams, batch processing, tracing, process conditions, and product design strategies * Economic analysis: capital and manufacturing costs, financial calculations, and profitability analysis * Synthesis and optimization: principles, PFD synthesis, simulation techniques, top-down and bottom-up optimization, pinch technology, and software-based control * Advanced steady-state simulation: goals, models, solution strategies, and sensitivity and optimization studies * Dynamic simulation: goals, development, solution methods, algorithms, and solvers * Performance analysis: I/O models, tools, performance curves, reactor performance, troubleshooting, and “debottlenecking” * Societal impact: ethics, professionalism, health, safety, environmental issues, and green engineering * Interpersonal and communication skills: improving teamwork and group effectiveness This title draws on more than fifty years of innovative chemical engineering instruction at West Virginia University and the University of Nevada, Reno. It includes suggested curricula for single-semester and year-long design courses, case studies and practical design projects, current equipment cost data, and extensive preliminary design information that can be used as the starting point for more detailed analyses. About the CD-Rom and Web Site The CD contains the newest version of CAPCOST, a powerful tool for evaluating fixed capital investment, full process economics, and profitability. The heat exchanger network software, HENSAD, is also included. The CD also contains an additional appendix presenting preliminary design information for fifteen key chemical processes, including four new to this edition: shift reaction; acid-gas removal via physical solvent; H2S removal from a gas stream using the Claus process; and coal gasification. The CD also includes six additional projects, plus chapters on outcomes assessment, written and oral communications, and a written report case study. Sixty additional projects and twenty-four more problems are available at www.che.cemr.wvu.edu/publications/projects.
About the Author
Richard Turton is professor of chemical engineering and professor in the Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources at West Virginia University. He has taught WVU’s senior design course for more than twenty-five years. Richard C. Bailie, professor emeritus at WVU, taught chemical engineering design for more than twenty years. He has extensive experience in process evaluation, pilot plant operation, and plant startup. Wallace B. Whiting, professor emeritus at the University of Nevada, Reno, has practiced and taught chemical process design for more than twenty-four years. Joseph A. Shaeiwitz has been involved in WVU’s senior design sequence and sophomore- and junior-level integrated design projects for twenty years. Debangsu Bhattacharyya, associate professor in the department of chemical engineering at WVU, has worked in computer-aided simulation, design, construction, and in the operation of a large petroleum refinery for more than ten years.
The Number One Guide to Chemical Engineering Principles, Techniques, Calculations, and Applications: Now Even More Current, Efficient, and Practical Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition goes far beyond traditional introductory chemical engineering topics, presenting applications that reflect the full scope of contemporary chemical, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Celebrating its fiftieth Anniversary as the field’s leading practical introduction, it has been extensively updated and reorganized to cover today’s principles and calculations more efficiently, and to present far more coverage of bioengineering, nanoengineering, and green engineering. Offering a strong foundation of skills and knowledge for successful study and practice, it guides students through formulating and solving material and energy balance problems, as well as describing gases, liquids, and vapors. Throughout, the authors introduce efficient, consistent, student-friendly methods for solving problems, analyzing data, and gaining a conceptual, application-based understanding of modern chemical engineering processes. This edition’s improvements include many new problems, examples, and homework assignments. Coverage includes * Modular chapters designed to support introductory chemical engineering courses of any length * Thorough introductions to unit conversions, basis selection, and process measurements * Consistent, sound strategies for solving material and energy balance problems * Clear introductions to key concepts ranging from stoichiometry to enthalpy * Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids: ideal/real gases, single component two-phase systems, gas-liquid systems, and more * Self-assessment questions to help readers identify areas they don’t fully understand * Thought/discussion and homework problems in every chapter * New biotech and bioengineering problems throughout * New examples and homework on nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and green engineering * Extensive tables, charts, and glossaries in each chapte * Many new student projects * Reference appendices presenting atomic weights and numbers, Pitzer Z factors, heats of formation and combustion, and more Practical, readable, and exceptionally easy to use, Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition,is the definitive chemical engineering introduction for students, license candidates, practicing engineers, and scientists. CD-ROM INCLUDES * The latest Polymath trial software for solving linear, nonlinear, and differential equations and regression problems * Point-and-click physical property database containing 700 compounds * Supplemental Problems Workbook containing 100 solved problems * Descriptions and animations of modern process equipment * Chapters on degrees of freedom, process simulation, and unsteady-state material balances * Expert advice for beginners on problem-solving in chemical engineering.
About the Author
David M. Himmelblau was (until his death in April) the American Petrofina Foundation Centennial Professor in Chemical Engineering at the University of Texas, Austin. The author of sixteen books, his areas of research included the use of artificial neural networks for fault diagnosis and data rectification. James B. Riggs is Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at Texas Tech University, where he directs the Texas Tech Process Control and Optimization Consortium. His books include Chemical Process Control, Second Edition and An Introduction to Numerical Methods for Chemical Engineers, Second Edition.
Basics of Polymers: Fabrication and Processing Technology constitutes one of the most important aspects of polymer science and technology. The performance of polymers is evolving into the most rapidly increasing volume of production. Polymers are an important commodity in the modern lifestyle. They are undoubtedly superior materials in terms of their costs, processability, and functional properties. The fabrication and processing technology are showing higher growth than that of the number of polymer grades in the market. This book is a noteworthy text in the increasingly important field of plastics processing and should be of great interest, particularly to those in processing. It is a practical handbook, intended for students, engineers, and those involved in plastics processing. Education and training of personnel are of para- mount importance throughout the book which brings to light a whole host of career opportunities not usually considered for engineers and processors. This book is particularly valuable to all processors/educators as a resource that answers frequently asked questions.
About the Author
Ph.D., Plastics Technology Consultant and Board of Studies Expert Member for technical colleges of India.
About the Author
Dr. Vikash Babu, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biotechnology, Graphic Era University, India, where he advises graduate students. He has received many professional awards, published numerous articles for journals and international conferences. His area of interest is industrial microbiology and bioenergy. Recently, he was awarded a research project from DBT, Govt. of India, for the production of bioplastics. Dr. Ashish Thapliyal has over 15 years of research experience and completed his PhD from HNB Garhwal University with a University Grants Commission (UGC-India) fellowship. He has held positions at National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, as well as Utah State University. He has also been associated with Graphic Era University (GEU), India, and helped in the establishment of the Department of Biotechnology at GEU. Dr. Girijesh Kumar Patel received his bachelor of science degree in chemistry and botany and master of science in biotechnology from Gorakhpur University in 2004. After completing his PhD at the Indian Institute of Techology, he joined Graphic Era University as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biotechnology. He has contributed several international research papers and book chapters and is the official reviewer of many international journals.
This book is a direct outgrowth of classes that the authors gave over a period of three decades to a university audience taking a Mineral Beneficiation course as a major that included coal processing and utilization. It is designed to be used as a student’s (or layman’s) first introduction to coal processing and utilization, motivating the concepts before illustrating them by means of concrete situations. As such, this book gives an integrated overview of coal processing and utilization along with clean coal technology, presenting all the basic principles, theory and practice in a systematic way. Every topic covered is dealt with in a self-explanatory manner so that any new reader may find this book interesting and easy to understand. The book makes available the hard core of fundamentals of coal processing and utilization in a form which is general enough to meet the needs of many and yet is unburdened by excess baggage best discussed in research journals. The salient feature is that all the technical terminology used in this book has been sufficiently explained in order to allow the reader to understand the concepts effectively without needing to consult additional literature. Problems are introduced not so much to be solved as to be tackled. Some of them are included to lay the ground work for the subsequent theory and will help the readers in teaching, research and operating plants. Overall, this book will be of interest to professionals and engineers in the fields of energy, mining, mineral, metallurgical and geological engineering, as well as to engineering geologists and earth sciences professionals.
Coal Production and Processing Technology provides uniquely comprehensive coverage of the latest coal technologies used in everything from mining to greenhouse gas mitigation. Featuring contributions from experts in industry and academia, this book: * Discusses coal geology, characterization, beneficiation, combustion, coking, gasification, and liquefaction * Explores coalbed methane drilling, excavatability, surface production, strata control, and longwall production * Tackles financial, safety, and environmental issues, including coal company valuations, mine emergency preparedness, and carbon management Capturing state-of-the-art knowledge from different facets of the coal chain, Coal Production and Processing Technology offers a holistic view of today’s coal industry as well as a look at future trends.
About the Author
M. R. Riazi (www.riazim.com) is a professor and the chairman of chemical engineering at Kuwait University. He earned his M.Sc and Ph.D from Pennsylvania State University, where he also served as an assistant professor of chemical engineering. He has been a visiting scholar/faculty member at various universities in the US, Canada, Norway, and Middle East. Widely published, highly decorated, and a popular invited speaker/consultant, Dr. Riazi is the founding editor and editor-in-chief of IJOGCT (London, UK) and an editor of the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. He is an AIChE fellow and received a Pi Epsilon Tau National Petroleum Engineering Honor Society diploma of honor. Rajender Gupta is a professor of chemical and materials engineering at the University of Alberta. He has been involved in coal research from beneficiation to carbon capture for more than 35 years. He graduated in 1972 from IIT Kharagpur and earned his Ph.D from the University of Newcastle. Dr. Gupta led several research projects at the Cooperative Research Centres for Coal at the University of Newcastle. He currently leads coal research at the Canadian Centre of Clean Coal Carbon and Mineral Processing at the University of Alberta. He has published widely in peer-reviewed journals and presented in international conferences.
Control of Biological and Drug-Delivery Systems for Chemical, Biomedical, and Pharmaceutical Engineering
This book combines knowledge of process dynamics and basic control theory to analyze a range of bioprocesses and drug-release devices. The book addresses issues and solves problems that dominate both fields (i.e., biological sciences and release devices.) Many of the textbooks written on this topic usually focus on specific topics (e.g., systems biology, control of fermentation processes), as a result, undergraduate chemical engineering students are not exposed to a range of diversified problems in biological sciences. This book builds on the new focus of providing problems in the biological area. In addition, unified theories and step-by-step problem solving procedures are provided. A unique feature of the book is the application of control theory to analyze controlled-release devices.
An expected outcome of the proposed perspective is an enrichment of fundamental concepts and the development of an application-oriented environment. For example pharmaceutical companies, specializing in the production of therapeutics using biological processes, are the first beneficiaries. A qualified labor force, with competencies in process analysis, design and control will assure that the target quantity and quality of the end-products are met and in line with federal and state regulations.
About the Author
LAURENT SIMON, PhD, is Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering and Associate Director of the Pharmaceutical Engineering Program at New Jersey Institute of Technology. His research and teaching interests focus on modeling, analysis, and control of drug delivery systems. Dr. Simon is the author of Laboratory Online, a series of educational and interactive modules that help engineers build a strong understanding of drug delivery technologies and their underlying engineering principles. During his time at NJIT, Dr. Simon has received the Excellence in Teaching Award, Master Teacher Designation, and Newark College of Engineering Saul K. Fenster Innovation in Engineering Education Award.
Bioprocess technology involves the combination of living matter (whole organism or enzymes ) with nutrients under laboratory conditions to make a desired product within the pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics, biotechnology, fine chemicals and bulk chemicals sectors. Industry is under increasing pressure to develop new processes that are both environmentally friendly and cost-effective, and this can be achieved by taking a fresh look at process development; – namely by combining modern process modeling techniques with sustainability assessment methods. Development of Sustainable Bioprocesses: Modeling and Assessment describes methodologies and supporting case studies for the evolution and implementation of sustainable bioprocesses. Practical and industry-focused, the book begins with an introduction to the bioprocess industries and development procedures. Bioprocesses and bioproducts are then introduced, together with a description of the unit operations involved. Modeling procedures, a key feature of the book, are covered in chapter 3 prior to an overview of the key sustainability assessment methods in use (environmental, economic and societal). The second part of the book is devoted to case studies, which cover the development of bioprocesses in the pharmaceutical, food, fine chemicals, cosmetics and bulk chemicals industries. Some selected case studies include: citric acid, biopolymers, antibiotics, biopharmaceuticals. An accompanying CD-ROM will provide readers with hands-on materials so that the techniques can be put into practice. These materials include a demo version of SuperPro Designer software (used in process engineering) and models of all featured case studies, excel sheets of assessment methods, Monte Carlo simulations and exercises.
About the Author
Professor Elmar Heinzle, Universitat des Saarlandes, Germany Dr. Charles Cooney, MIT, USA Both internationally-recognised experts in biochemical engineering and modeling Dr Arno Biwer, MIT/ Universitat des Saarlandes, Germany
Biological drug and vaccine manufacturing has quickly become one of the highest-value fields of bioprocess engineering, and many bioprocess engineers are now finding job opportunities that have traditionally gone to chemical engineers. Fundamentals of Modern Bioprocessing addresses this growing demand. Written by experts well-established in the field, this book connects the principles and applications of bioprocessing engineering to healthcare product manufacturing and expands on areas of opportunity for qualified bioprocess engineers and students. The book is divided into two sections: the first half centers on the engineering fundamentals of bioprocessing; while the second half serves as a handbook offering advice and practical applications. Focused on the fundamental principles at the core of this discipline, this work outlines every facet of design, component selection, and regulatory concerns. It discusses the purpose of bioprocessing (to produce products suitable for human use), describes the manufacturing technologies related to bioprocessing, and explores the rapid expansion of bioprocess engineering applications relevant to health care product manufacturing. It also considers the future of bioprocessing-the use of disposable components (which is the fastest growing area in the field of bioprocessing) to replace traditional stainless steel. In addition, this text: * Discusses the many types of genetically modified organisms * Outlines laboratory techniques * Includes the most recent developments * Serves as a reference and contains an extensive bibliography * Emphasizes biological manufacturing using recombinant processing, which begins with creating a genetically modified organism using recombinant techniques Fundamentals of Modern Bioprocessing outlines both the principles and applications of bioprocessing engineering related to healthcare product manufacturing. It lays out the basic concepts, definitions, methods and applications of bioprocessing. A single volume comprehensive reference developed to meet the needs of students with a bioprocessing background; it can also be used as a source for professionals in the field.
About the Author
Sarfaraz K. Niazi, Ph.D., is the founding executive chairman of Therapeutic Proteins International, LLC. He began his career teaching pharmacy at the University of Illinois, where he was a tenured professor, before entering the pharmaceutical industry with Abbott International, where he became a Volwiler fellow. Dr. Niazi is a licensed practitioner of patent law, has published numerous books and papers, and has been recognized with several awards for his contributions to science and literature. His inventions, philanthropy, and passion for science, literature, music, and photography have also been documented in publications such as Forbes, Chicago Tribune, and Crain’s Chicago Business. Justin L. Brown, Ph.D., joined the biomedical engineering faculty of The Pennsylvania State University in 2010. Prior to joining Penn State, Dr. Brown spent seven years at the University of Virginia where he obtained his Ph.D. in biomedical engineering and completed a postdoctoral fellowship in cell and microbiology. His current research interests focus on exploring the signaling cascades and lineage commitment of mesenchymal stem cells in response to biomaterial surfaces that have potential for translation to clinical strategies. Dr. Brown’s lab applies both a reductionist and high-throughput systems approach towards understanding the mechanistic cellular response to extracellular biomaterial geometries.
The problems that chemical engineers face today can no longer be answered with programs written on a case-by-case basis; computers have revolutionized the way chemical engineers design and analyze processes–whether designing large units to make polyethylene or a small microreactor used to detect biological agents. This book helps identify the types of computer programs needed to solve various chemical engineering problems and ensure that the problems have been solved correctly. Each chapter contains a description of the physical problem in both general terms and mathematically, thorough step-by-step instructions, numerous examples, and comprehensive explanations for each problem and program.
About the Author
BRUCE A. FINLAYSON, PhD, is Rehnberg Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering in the Department of Chemical Engineering of the University of Washington. He is also a former president of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE). Among his many accolades and honors, Dr. Finlayson is a recipient of the AIChE’s prestigious William H. Walker Award and an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering.