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At the start of the new millennium cities are firmly back on the agenda. Cities are the sites of complex global/local interconnections producing a multiplicity of social, cultural, political and economic spaces and forms. It is no longer possible, if it ever was, to look at the city from one perspective. A Companion to the City sets out to think about cities in more textured ways and brings together scholars from a range of fields to create a multidisciplinary approach to the city. Academics from disciplines as diverse as film studies and economics, philosophy and geography, turn their attention to the city and generate exciting new ways of thinking. This Companion provides the reader with an indispensable and authoritative overview of the key debates, controversies, and questions concerning the city from a variety of theoretical vantage points with an international perspective. It can be used as as stand-alone text or in conjunction with The Blackwell City Reader (Blackwell Publishing, 2002), compiled by the same editors.
The Ottoman Empire (1299-1923) existed at the crossroads of the East and the West. Neither the history of Western Asia, nor that of Eastern Europe, can be fully understood without knowledge of the history of the Ottoman Empire. The question is often raised of whether or not economic thinking can exist in a non-capitalistic society. In the Ottoman Empire, like in all other pre-capitalistic cultures, the economic sphere was an integral part of social life, and elements of Ottoman economic thought can frequently be found in amongst political, social and religious ideas. Ottoman economic thinking cannot, therefore, be analyzed in isolation; analysis of economic thinking can reveal aspects of the entire world view of the Ottomans. Based on extensive archival work, this landmark volume examines Ottoman economic thinking in the classical period using three concepts: humorism, circle of justice and household economy. Basing the research upon the writings of the Ottoman elite and bureaucrats, this book explores Ottoman economic thinking starting from its own dynamics, avoiding the temptation to seek modern economic theories and approaches in the Ottoman milieu.
About the Author
Fatih Ermis obtained his PhD from the Max Weber Center for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies, Germany.
This is a chronicle of Chinese thought from the third millennium sage-kings to the 1911 overthrow of the monarchical system. It focuses particularly on the most commonly known schools of Confucianism and Taoism, with insights into Mohism, “Yin-Yang”, Legalism, New-Taoism and Neo-Confucianism.
“A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy” is a milestone along the complex and difficult road to significant understanding by Westerners of the Asian peoples and a monumental contribution to the cause of philosophy. It is the first anthology of Chinese philosophy to cover its entire historical development. It provides substantial selections from all the great thinkers and schools in every period – ancient, medieval, modern, and contemporary – and includes in their entirety some of the most important classical texts. It deals with the fundamental and technical as well as the more general aspects of Chinese thought. With its new translation of source materials (some translated for the first time), its explanatory aids where necessary, its thoroughgoing scholarly documentation, this volume will be an indispensable guide for scholars, for college students, for serious readers interested in knowing the real China.
Here are the chief riches of more than 3,000 years of Indian philosophical thought-the ancient Vedas, the Upanisads, the epics, the treatises of the heterodox and orthodox systems, the commentaries of the scholastic period, and the contemporary writings. Introductions and interpretive commentaries are provided.
Though the “Revised Edition of A Theory of Justice”, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls’s theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
About the Author
John Rawls was James Bryant Conant University Professor at Harvard University. He was recipient of the 1999 National Humanities Medal.
About the Author
Slavoj Zizek is a Slovenian philosopher and cultural critic. He is a professor at the European Graduate School, International Director of the Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities, Birkbeck College, University of London, and a senior researcher at the Institute of Sociology, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. His books include Less Than Nothing, The Year of Dreaming Dangerously, Living in the End Times, First as Tragedy, Then as Farce, In Defense of Lost Causes, six volumes of the Essential Zizek, and many more.
In re-examining the concepts of desire, intention, and trying, David K. Chan brings a fresh approach toward resolving many of the problems that have occupied philosophers of action for almost a century. This book not only presents a complete theory of human agency but also, by developing the conceptual tools needed to do moral philosophy, lays the groundwork for formulating an ethics that is rooted in a clear, intuitive, and coherent moral psychology.
About the Author
David K. Chan is professor of philosophy at University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point.
Causality plays a central role in the way people structure the world; we constantly seek causal explanations for our observations. But what does it even mean that an event C “actually caused” event E? The problem of defining actual causation goes beyond mere philosophical speculation. For example, in many legal arguments, it is precisely what needs to be established in order to determine responsibility. The philosophy literature has been struggling with the problem of defining causality since Hume. In this book, Joseph Halpern explores actual causality, and such related notions as degree of responsibility, degree of blame, and causal explanation. The goal is to arrive at a definition of causality that matches our natural language usage and is helpful, for example, to a jury deciding a legal case, a programmer looking for the line of code that cause some software to fail, or an economist trying to determine whether austerity caused a subsequent depression. Halpern applies and expands an approach to causality that he and Judea Pearl developed, based on structural equations. He carefully formulates a definition of causality, and building on this, defines degree of responsibility, degree of blame, and causal explanation. He concludes by discussing how these ideas can be applied to such practical problems as accountability and program verification. Technical details are generally confined to the final section of each chapter and can be skipped by non-mathematical readers.
About the Author
Joseph Y. Halpern is Professor in the Computer Science Department at Cornell University. He is the coauthor of Reasoning about Knowledge and the author of Reasoning about Uncertainty (both published by the MIT Press).
Originally delivered as the prestigious Mellon Lectures on the Fine Arts in 1995, After the End of Art remains a classic of art criticism and philosophy, and continues to generate heated debate for contending that art ended in the 1960s. Arthur Danto, one of the best-known art critics of his time, presents radical insights into art’s irrevocable deviation from its previous course and the decline of traditional aesthetics. He demonstrates the necessity for a new type of criticism in the face of contemporary art’s wide-open possibilities. This Princeton Classics edition includes a new foreword by philosopher Lydia Goehr.
About the Author
Arthur C. Danto (1924-2013) was the Johnsonian Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Columbia University and art critic for the “Nation” from 1984 to 2009. His books include “What Art Is” and “Encounters and Reflections”, winner of the 1990 National Book Critics Circle Award in Criticism. Lydia Goehr is professor of philosophy at Columbia University. Her books include “The Imaginary Museum of Musical Works” and “Elective Affinities”.
“Be true to yourself”-it is a dictum so ubiquitous that it can seem like both philosophical wisdom and an empty truism. Should we aspire to an ideal of living authentically? What does it mean to be true to yourself? Against Authenticity: Why You Shouldn’t Be Yourself is a philosophical exploration and critique of the ideal of authenticity. Simon Feldman argues that if being true to ourselves is a matter of maintaining a strong will, being psychologically independent, achieving self-knowledge, or being morally conscientious, then the best lives we can lead should be expected to involve substantial inauthenticity. Feldman suggests that various construals of the ideal of authenticity presuppose metaphysically confused notions of the self (for example, that there is a determinate “true self”) and that under the guise of indisputable wisdom the ideal perpetuates both objectionably relativistic as well as reactionary moral thinking. Feldman concludes that the ideal of authenticity is one that we would be better off abandoning, independent of our other moral or ethical commitments. With implications for every reader’s conception of authenticity and identity, Against Authenticity is an exciting challenge for students and scholars of ethics, metaethics, metaphysics, and moral psychology.
About the Author
Simon Feldman is associate professor of philosophy at Connecticut College.
This classic book by Theodor W. Adorno anticipates many of the themes that have since become common in contemporary philosophy: the critique of foundationalism, the illusions of idealism and the end of epistemology. It also foreshadows many of the key ideas that were developed by Adorno in his most important philosophical works, including Negative Dialectics.
Against Epistemology is based on a manuscript Adorno originally wrote in Oxford in 1934-37 during his first years in exile and subsequently reworked in Frankfurt in 1955-56. The text was written as a critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, but the critique of phenomenology is used as the occasion for a much broader critique of epistemology. Adorno described this as a ‘metacritique’ which blends together the analysis of Husserl’s phenomenology as the most advanced instance of the decay of bourgeois idealism with an immanent critique of the tensions and contradictions internal to Husserl’s thought. The result is a powerful text which remains one of the most devastating critiques of Husserl’s work ever written and which heralded many of the ideas that have become commonplace in contemporary philosophy.
This comprehensive introductory textbook to early Chinese philosophy covers a range of philosophical traditions which arose during the Spring and Autumn (722-476 BCE) and Warring States (475-221 BCE) periods in China, including Confucianism, Mohism, Daoism, and Legalism. It considers concepts, themes and argumentative methods of early Chinese philosophy and follows the development of some ideas in subsequent periods, including the introduction of Buddhism into China. The book examines key issues and debates in early Chinese philosophy, cross-influences between its traditions and interpretations by scholars up to the present day. The discussion draws upon both primary texts and secondary sources, and there are suggestions for further reading. This will be an invaluable guide for all who are interested in the foundations of Chinese philosophy and its richness and continuing relevance.
About the Author
Karyn L. Lai is Senior Lecturer in the School of Philosophy, University of New South Wales. She is author of Learning from Chinese Philosophies: Ethics of Interdependent and Contextualised Self (2006).
Provides a lively and accessible introduction to ethical theory
An Introduction to Ethics provides readers with the guiding critical questions needed to be considered in our decision making. Students learn about the principles we apply to direct our behavior. The text enhances readers’ abilities to form arguments and conclusions, developing a systematic and coherent ethical view of their own.
MySearchLab is a part of the Gibson program. Research and writing tools, including access to academic journals, help students explore ethical theories in even greater depth. To provide students with flexibility, students can download the eText to a tablet using the free Pearson eText app.
NOTE: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase the text with MySearchLab, order the package ISBN:
0205885500 / 9780205885503 Introduction to Ethics, An Plus MySearchLab with eText — Access Card Package
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0205239927 / 9780205239924 MySearchLab with Pearson eText — Valuepack Access Card
0205708544 / 9780205708543 Introduction to Ethics, An
Game-theoretic reasoning pervades economic theory and is used widely in other social and behavioural sciences. An Introduction to Game Theory International Edition, by Martin J. Osborne, presents the main principles of game theory and shows how they can be used to understand economics, social, political, and biological phenomena. The book introduces in an accessible manner the main ideas behind the theory rather than their mathematical expression. All concepts are defined precisely, and logical reasoning is used throughout. The book requires an understanding of basic mathematics but assumes no specific knowledge of economics, political science, or other social or behavioural sciences. Coverage includes the fundamental concepts of strategic games, extensive games with perfect information, and coalitional games; the more advanced subjects of Bayesian games and extensive games with imperfect information; and the topics of repeated games, bargaining theory, evolutionary equilibrium, rationalizability, and maxminimization. The book offers a wide variety of illustrations from the social and behavioural sciences. Each topic features examples that highlight theoretical points and illustrations that demonstrate how the theory may be used.
Why should some have the right to political power? What would happen without government? How much power should the state have? This is the ideal introduction to political philosophy, combining clarity and a conversational style with a thought provoking account of the central questions in political philosophy. Wolff explores the subject through a series of enduring and timeless questions, jumping centuries and millennia to explore the most influential answers and demonstrate the relevance of political philosophy for an understanding of contemporary issues. The eagerly anticipated new edition has been updated to include the on-going developments in theorising about race, sexual orientation, disability multiculturalism and global justice.
About the Author
Jonathan Wolff is Dean of Arts and Humanities and Professor of Philosophy at University College London. His work has largely concentrated on issues of distributive justice, with a particular interest in the relationship between theory and policy.
The traditional Chinese philosophies of ‘nature and human’ lie at the heart of China’s modern day culture and popular philosophical beliefs. To understand China, you must first understand its traditional philosophies. This book from leading expert Li Cunshan outlines the core beliefs and key elements of the three principles of traditional Chinese philosophy: the natural theory (cosmology); the human theory (the theory of life); the theory of knowledge (the theory of methodology. The coverage offers a systematic analysis of these three fundamental theories enabling the reader to gain a clear understanding of the part they’ve played in the creation of modern day China. An Outline of Chinese Traditional Philosophy is aimed at academics and students studying both philosophy and China, plus researchers and professionals seeking clear concise information on traditional Chinese philosophies and popular Chinese culture. Published by Paths International, in association with the prestigious Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, this English language edition is being made available outside of China for the very first time.
About the Author
Li Cunshan became Director of the Philosophy Center of China Social Sciences in 1988 and became the Deputy Chief Editor of China Social Sciences in 1993. During this period of work, he was also engaged in Chinese philosophy studies and culture study and had published several important papers. He was presented with the ‘Outstanding Young Expert With Significant Contribution’ by the Ministry of Personnel in 1986. He now holds a concurrent post as Vice-President of the Society of Confucius, Director of China Confucius Fund and Academic Committee Member of China Confucius Fund.