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This book is the first to profile the unique epiphytic plant communities found in Singapore. The canopies of tropical trees are often festooned with luxuriant masses of delicate ferns, orchids and mistletoes; these veritable aerial gardens are one of the most biodiverse habitats on the planet. Yet, despite their prevalence in tropical urban landscapes, many of these fascinating aerial plants remain unappreciated and misunderstood.
The first section of this book provides a concise scientific introduction to the biology of epiphytes and mistletoes, including their taxonomy, life-cycles, adaptive strategies and interactions with their hosts and arboreal fauna. The second section serves as a field guide for identifying all of the common epiphytes and mistletoes found in Singapore.
- Provides a comprehensive reference for the identification and management of epiphytes and mistletoes in Singapore.
- Provides basic information on the biology of these plants, with a focus on colour photo profiles of all common species.
- Beautifully illustrated with large format colour photographs, rendering the overall impression less text-heavy and more readable.
- Serves as an accessible and informative field reference guide for horticultural professionals, as well as the general public.
A century of industrial development is the briefest of moments in the half billion years of the earth’s evolution. And yet our current era has brought greater changes to the earth than any period in human history. The biosphere, the globe’s life-giving envelope of air and climate, has been changed irreparably. In A World to Live In, the distinguished ecologist George Woodwell shows that the biosphere is now a global human protectorate and that its integrity of structure and function are tied closely to the human future. The earth is a living system, Woodwell explains, and its stability is threatened by human disruption. Industry dumps its waste globally and makes a profit from it, invading the global commons; corporate interests overpower weak or nonexistent governmental protection to plunder the planet. The fossil fuels industry offers the most dramatic example of environmental destruction, disseminating the heat-trapping gases that are now warming the earth and changing the climate forever. The assumption that we can continue to use fossil fuels and “adapt” to climate disruption, Woodwell argues, is a ticket to catastrophe. But Woodwell points the way toward a solution. We must respect the full range of life on earth — not species alone, but their natural communities of plant and animal life that have built, and still maintain, the biosphere. We must recognize that the earth’s living systems are our heritage and that the preservation of the integrity of a finite biosphere is a necessity and an inviolable human right.
About the Author
George M. Woodwell is Founder, President, and Director Emeritus of the Woods Hole Research Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a former president of the Ecological Society of America, a founding trustee and Vice Chairman of the Natural Resources Defense Council, and the author of Forests in a Full World, The Nature of House: Building a World That Works, and other books.
An Introduction to Ecological Economics, Second Edition is the definitive introduction to the field of ecological economics, which is concerned with extending and integrating the study and management of ecological as well as economic needs, sustaining both “nature’s household” and “humankind’s household.” It provides a unified understanding of natural and human-dominated ecosystems and reintegrates market economics within the limits posed by the biophysical world. Written by five of the leading figures in the field, this new edition adds a series of “boxes” to expand and update information in the current text and addresses such forefront topics as the historical development of economics and ecology and motivation for incorporating humans into ecosystems.
About the Author
University of Vermont, Burlington, USA University of Maryland, Solomons, Maryland, USA University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA World Bank, Washington, DC, USA University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California
Comprehensively revised, the fourth edition of this widely used text provides a global overview of the major topics within human geography, including resources, population, food security, the economy and development, geopolitics and territory, culture, society, cities, the environment and environmentalism, inequality, agriculture and rurality, the politics of place and globalisation, and global governance. Coherent and substantial chapters ensure balanced treatment across the range of contemporary human geography. Focusing on key geographical challenges facing the world in the early twenty-first century, stimulating coverage examines the diverse forces that shape economies and societies. Themes, issues and links are highlighted and emphasised to present a holistic view of what the editors describe as our ‘…interconnected, contradictory, complex, conflict-ridden and fantastically diverse planet.’ All chapters are written by specialists in the field and offer original, critical and engaging perspectives.
This highly respected and best-selling textbook provides an engaging and comprehensive introduction to the major topics within physical geography. It focuses on understanding the inter-linkages between processes, places and environments and is fully illustrated to demonstrate how the physical environment works. An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment is accompanied by a rich and extensive range of electronic support resources including updated weblinks relevant for each chapter, multiple choice questions, fieldwork exercises, interactive models and video clips. The text is suitable for both undergraduate and postgraduate study in the field of physical geography.
This substantially revised fourth edition continues to provide an introduction to sustainable development with particular reference to what it means for and within countries of the developing world. The book focuses on highlighting the inter-dependent environmental and developmental challenges faced by these countries and how these are shaped by policies and measures associated with an evolving global sustainable development agenda. Early sections of the book examine the origins of the term and how issues of environmental management, economic development and social justice are now understood as the interlinked, global challenges of sustainable development. Subsequent sections explore recent changes in the policies and mechanisms of organizations at various scales across the arenas of trade, aid, debt, environmental agreements and foreign investment for example, illustrating the complex and contested challenges of sustainable development in practice. Further chapters focus on insights to sustainable development that emerge from within rural and urban contexts of the Global South. A final chapter considers how these changes can be understood and assessed. The text explores in some detail the notion of sustainable development, its varied disciplinary and philosophical underpinnings and some of the sources of its complexity in practice and political contestation. In particular, the book traces key shifts in thinking within the literatures of development and environmentalism over the last fifty years to highlight how issues of environmental quality, economic development and social justice intersect within the global agenda of sustainable development. Particular emphasis is given to how more currently, the rapid economic growth in China and India and the recent financial crises challenge the thinking and practice of sustainable development and to the contribution of ideas from ecological modernization. Through the text, many of the core processes linking different parts of the world and the key actors operating to shape the prospects of more sustainable development are examined. These include processes of climate change, international trade and finance, resource security and the challenges of global poverty and of achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The emphasis is on a critical consideration of the global inequalities encompassed within policies and practices undertaken by organisations including the International Financial Institutions, the World Trade Organization, business and civil society. The book provides substantial examples of policies, projects and actions in practice drawn widely from across the regions and in both rural and urban contexts. Emphasis is on insights to more sustainable development coming from within countries of the developing world. This text aims to provide an accessible, readable and up-to-date introduction to what sustainable development encompasses as an idea and in practice for environments and people of the developing world. The intended audience is undergraduate students, particularly of geography, development and environment-related courses. The text is well supported by pedagogic features including boxed case studies, summaries, directions to further reading and relevant web-based resources. Principal changes from the third edition include new content incorporating in particular; the rapid economic growth in China and India and the implications in terms of raw materials and new markets, the prospective impacts of global recession for rethinking development strategies and for lower carbon futures (to include the contribution of ecological economics to the SD debates), and greater insights of evidence for sustainable developments based on practice and cases from within the developing world.
About the Author
Jennifer Elliott is senior lecturer in geography at Brighton University, UK.
The new edition of Arid Zone Geomorphology aims to encapsulate theadvances that have been made in recent years in the investigationand explanation of landforms and geomorphological processes indrylands. Building on the success of the previous two editions, theThird Edition has been completely revised and updated to reflectthe latest developments in the field. Whilst this latest editionwill remain a comprehensive reference to the subject, the book hasbeen restructured to include regional case studies throughout toenhance student understanding and is clearly defined into fivedistinct sections; Firstly, the book introduces the reader to LargeScale Controls and Variability in Drylands and then moves on toconsider Surface Processes and Characteristics; The Work of Water,The Work of the Wind. The book concludes with a section on Livingwith Dryland Geomorphology that includes a chapter ongeomorphological hazards and the human impact on theseenvironments.
Once again, recognised world experts in the field have beeninvited to contribute chapters in order to present a comprehensiveand up-to-date overview of current knowledge about the processesshaping the landscape of deserts and arid regions. In order tobroaden the appeal of the Third Edition, the book has been reducedin extent by 100 pages and the Regional chapters have been omittedin favour of the inclusion of key regional case studies throughoutthe book. The Editor is also considering the inclusion of asupplementary website that could include further images, problemsand case studies.
Britain’s Birds will be enjoyed, valued and constantly referred to by all bird watchers–whether beginner, experienced or professional. This is the most comprehensive, up-to-date and practical bird book of modern times, featuring an unrivalled selection of photographs that show all the plumages you are likely to see. Focusing on identification, and containing maps, facts and figures on numbers and distributions, this breakthrough publication was devised by a team of lifelong birdwatchers, all with many years’ experience of showing people birds and producing user-friendly field guides. * Comprehensive coverage of every bird recorded in Britain and Ireland* The only photographic guide to show all plumages likely to be encountered* More than 3,200 superb colour photographs carefully selected to show key identification features* Many photographs of individual rare birds identified in Britain and Ireland* Simple steps to help you find and identify any bird you see* Pages designed to allow easy and accurate comparison* Latest information on status, population, distribution and conservation designations* Distribution maps featuring summer, winter and resident ranges, plus details of migration routes to and from Britain and Ireland.
About the Author
Rob Hume, a freelance writer and editor for 35 years and editor of RSPB publications from 1983 to 2009, was Chairman of the British Birds Rarities Committee, and has led wildlife holidays in the UK, Europe and Africa. Robert Still, co-founder and publishing director of WILDGuides, is an ecologist and widely travelled naturalist. Working in computer graphics since their inception, he has developed a high level of expertise in digital imaging and designed many books. Andy Swash has been involved professionally in nature conservation since 1977 and is managing director of WILDGuides. A renowned photographer, he leads photographic tours worldwide, and has devised, co-authored and edited many books. Hugh Harrop founded the ecotourism business Shetland Wildlife and is one of Shetland’s top birders and naturalists. His award-winning photographs have been published throughout Europe and North America. David Tipling, one of the world’s most widely published wildlife photographers, is author or commissioned photographer for many books and writes regularly for leading wildlife and photographic magazines.
California has some of the most distinctive and unique geology in the United States. It is the only state with all three types of plate boundaries, an extraordinary history of earthquakes and volcanoes, and it has many rocks and minerals found nowhere else. The Golden State includes both the highest and lowest point in the continental US and practically every conceivable geological feature known. This book discusses not only the important geologic features of each region in California, but also the complex geologic four-dimensional puzzle of how California was assembled, beginning over 2 billion years ago. The author provides up-to-date and authoritative review of the geology and geomorphology of each geologic province, as well as recent revelations of tectonic history of California’s past. There are separate chapters on some of California’s distinctive geologic resources, including gold, oil, water, coastlines, and fossils. An introductory section describes basic rock and mineral types and fundamental aspects of plate tectonics, so that students and other readers can make sense of the bizarre, wild, and crazy jigsaw puzzle that is California’s geological history.
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Competition for Water Resources
Experiences and Management Approaches in the US and Europe
By Jadwiga R. Ziolkowska (Edited by), Prof. Jeffrey Peterson (Edited by)
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Format: Hardback, 478 pages
Published In: United Kingdom, 24 September 2016
Competition for Water Resources: Experiences and Management Approaches in the U.S. and Europe addresses the escalation of global issues regarding water scarcity and the necessary, cost-effective strategies that must be put in place in order to deal with escalating water crisis. The book evaluates use and competition for water resources in the U.S. and Europe, emphasizing the problems and challenges of dealing with tradeoffs in water. In addition, the book discusses water management strategies that can be used to optimize water use and allocation, mitigate water scarcity, and adapt to water scarcity. Supplementing the numerous case studies, the book includes lessons learned from applying specific strategies and approaches. This comprehensive overview and comparison of management practices across two continents is an invaluable resource for researchers, policymakers, and educators in water. * Provides a national and regional perspective through the use of country specific case study examples* Includes a comparative analysis between the U.S. and Europe, illustrating experiences in water management from two sides of the Atlantic* Covers interdisciplinary topics related to water, such as agriculture and energy
About the Author
Jadwiga R. Ziolkowska is an assistant professor and environmental economist in the Department of Geography and Environmental Sustainability at University of Oklahoma. She was a post-doctoral scholar at University of California at Berkeley and an EU Marie Curie Fellow in the 7th Framework Program. She was also a researcher at University of Texas at Austin. She received her PhD and Habilitation, both in agricultural economics, from Humboldt University of Berlin. Her research areas include sustainability evaluation and decision-making support in the field of natural resources, environmental, bioenergy, agricultural economics, and resource management. Her current research focus is on optimizing water management systems, desalination, biofuels, food waste economics, geospatial and spatio-temporal analyses. Jeffrey M. Peterson is the Director of the Water Resources Center and a professor of Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota. He earned his Ph.D. from Cornell University in agricultural and resource economics. Prior to coming to Minnesota he was a faculty member in the Department of Agricultural Economics at Kansas State University for 15 years, serving as Director of Graduate Studies from 2014 to 2015. He also held a 1-year visiting faculty appointment at Oregon State University. His research focuses on environmental policy analysis with an emphasis on water use and water quality impacts related to agriculture. He is a member of the Scientific Advisory Council on Optimizing Water Use in Agriculture for the Foundation for Food and Agriculture research and an editor of the Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
The Jianghan Plain in central China has been shaped by its relationship with water. Once a prolific rice-growing region that drew immigrants to its fertile paddy fields, it has, since the eighteenth century, become prone to devastating flooding and waterlogging. Over time, population pressures and dike building left more and more people in the region vulnerable to frequent water calamities. The first environmental and socioeconomic history of the region, Coping with Calamity considers the Jianghan Plain’s volatile environment, the constant challenges it presented to peasants, and their often ingenious and sophisticated responses during the Qing and Republican periods. “It is unique in interpreting rural economic and social institutions in modern China using an environmental approach. Zhang’s book is essential reading for students of rural China and modern Chinese history.” – Huaiyin Li, author of Village China under Socialism and Reform
Please note that the digital access code that comes with the print book is valid for use in a specific Asia territory only.
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“Inspiring people to care about the planet.” In the new edition of LIVING IN THE ENVIRONMENT, authors Tyler Miller and Scott Spoolman have partnered with the National Geographic Society to develop a text designed to equip students with the inspiration and knowledge they need to make a difference solving today’s environmental issues. Exclusive content highlights important work of National Geographic Explorers, and features over 200 new photos, maps, and illustrations that bring course concepts to life.
Using sustainability as the integrating theme, LIVING IN THE ENVIRONMENT 18e, provides clear introductions to the multiple environmental problems that we face and balanced discussions to evaluate potential solutions. In addition to the integration of new and engaging National Geographic content, every chapter has been thoroughly updated and 18 new Core Case Studies offer current examples of present environmental problems and scenarios for potential solutions. The concept-centered approach used in the text transforms complex environmental topics and issues into key concepts that students will understand and remember. Overall, by framing the concepts with goals for more sustainable lifestyles and human communities, students see how promising the future can be and their important role in shaping it.
Offers additional exclusive National Geographic content, including high-quality videos on important environmental problems and efforts being made to address them.
- Over 18 of the book’s 25 chapters have new “Core Case Studies” that are threaded throughout each chapter. These case studies explore current and relevant environmental topics and place them in the context of sustainability for the student.
- “Three Big Ideas” appear near the end of every chapter, reinforcing key take-away ideas students can apply.
- Enhanced art program includes a wealth of new and updated figures, new photos, and a new design that reinforces and enhances learning.
- Aplia is a study and assignment solution that ensures students are learning important course concepts and preparing for in-class discussion and exercises. Aplia assignments can be automatically graded with detailed explanations.
- MindTap is a fully online, highly personalized learning experience. By combining readings, multimedia, activities, and assessments into a singular Learning Path, MindTap guides students through their course with ease and engagement.
This gripping, deeply thoughtful book considers future of civilization in the light of what we know about climate change and related threats. David Orr, an award-winning, internationally recognized leader in the field of sustainability and environmental education, pulls no punches: even with the Paris Agreement of 2015, Earth systems will not reach a new equilibrium for centuries. Earth is becoming a different planet-more threadbare and less biologically diverse, with more acidic oceans and a hotter, more capricious climate. Furthermore, technology will not solve complex problems of sustainability. Yet we are not fated to destroy the Earth, Orr insists. He imagines sustainability as a quest and a transition built upon robust and durable democratic and economic institutions, as well as changes in heart and mindset. The transition, he writes, is beginning from the bottom up in communities and neighborhoods. He lays out specific principles and priorities to guide us toward enduring harmony between human and natural systems.
About the Author
David W. Orr is Counselor to the President and Paul Sears Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Oberlin College. Prominent in the creation of the Green Campus movement, he co-founded the Meadowcreek Project, the Oberlin Project, and the journal Solutions. He lives in Oberlin, OH.
This comprehensive, introductory text takes an applied, interdisciplinary approach. Because one author is a sociologist and the other a demographer, the text introduces perspectives from many different disciplines. Demography: The Science of Population, Second Edition, includes two chapters focusing on quantitative models, a topic not usually covered so extensively in introductory texts. It uses case studies throughout to illustrate in a realistic and concrete manner key points made in the text. It draws examples from recent U.S. Census data, United Nations and World Bank reports, tables from the National Center for Health Statistics, and from U.S. state and county-level sources.
About the Author
Jay Weinstein is professor emeritus of sociology at Eastern Michigan University. A past president of the Society of Applied Sociology, Weinstein is also the author of several books, including Social Change, Third Edition and Applying Social Statistics: An Introduction to Quantitative Reasoning in Sociology. Vijayan K. Pillai is professor of social work at the University of Texas, Arlington. He is coauthor of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis.