Language : English
Published : 2018-01-04
Pages : 197
This is the first book to provide a comprehensive and state-of-the-art introduction to the novel and fast-evolving topic of in-situ produced cosmogenic nuclides. It presents an accessible introduction to the theoretical foundations, with explanations of relevant concepts starting at a basic level and building in sophistication. It incorporates, and draws on, methodological discussions and advances achieved within the international CRONUS (Cosmic-Ray Produced Nuclide Systematics) networks. Practical aspects such as sampling, analytical methods and data-interpretation are discussed in detail and an essential sampling checklist is provided. The full range of cosmogenic isotopes is covered and a wide spectrum of in-situ applications are described and illustrated with specific and generic examples of exposure dating, burial dating, erosion and uplift rates, and process model verification. Graduate students and experienced practitioners will find this book a vital source of information on the background concepts and practical applications in geomorphology, geography, soil-science, and geology.
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The environmental life cycle of a product consists of all the stages, from raw material extraction through production and use to waste management. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), then, is the assessment of the environmental impact of a product throughout its life cycle. The holistic perspective that LCA provides on the environmental performance of products has made it a central concept for both environmental management in industry and environmental policy-making in public government. This is a textbook on LCA for those who want to learn the practice of LCA, e.g. environmental engineers, environmental managers and eco-designers. The title paraphrases Douglas Adams’ famous story “The Hitch Hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”, in which the machine Deep Thought after seven and a half million years of computing come up with ’42’ as the answer to the ‘great Question of Life, the Universe and Everything’. Expectations on LCA are often similar – simple answer to difficult environmental dilemmas, and the result often as incomprehensible as 42, unless one knows how to interpret LCA methodology and results. The book is organised in three parts covering LCA methodology, LCA applications and exercises on LCA. Two introductory chapters give a general overview of the LCA concept and its historical development. After that, LCA methodology is described in detail in six chapters. Different fields of LCA application are covered in five subsequent chapters. Since the aim of the book is to teach the execution of LCA, there are also a number of exercises. Smaller exercises train different aspects of LCA methodology and prepare for the larger ones, ten complete LCA exercise projects.
This extensively revised, restructured, and updated edition continues to present an engaging and comprehensive introduction to the subject, exploring the world’s landforms from a broad systems perspective. It covers the basics of Earth surface forms and processes, while reflecting on the latest developments in the field. Fundamentals of Geomorphology begins with a consideration of the nature of geomorphology, process and form, history, and geomorphic systems, and moves on to discuss: structure: structural landforms associated with plate tectonics and those associated with volcanoes, impact craters, and folds, faults, and joints process and form: landforms resulting from, or influenced by, the exogenic agencies of weathering, running water, flowing ice and meltwater, ground ice and frost, the wind, and the sea; landforms developed on limestone; and landscape evolution, a discussion of ancient landforms, including palaeosurfaces, stagnant landscape features, and evolutionary aspects of landscape change. This third edition has been fully updated to include a clearer initial explanation of the nature of geomorphology, of land surface process and form, and of land-surface change over different timescales. The text has been restructured to incorporate information on geomorphic materials and processes at more suitable points in the book. Finally, historical geomorphology has been integrated throughout the text to reflect the importance of history in all aspects of geomorphology. Fundamentals of Geomorphology provides a stimulating and innovative perspective on the key topics and debates within the field of geomorphology. Written in an accessible and lively manner, it includes guides to further reading, chapter summaries, and an extensive glossary of key terms. The book is also illustrated throughout with over 200 informative diagrams and attractive photographs, all in colour.
Cengage Learning’s Natural Hazards and Disasters brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools along with market leading text content for introductory earth science courses. Adopt the resources that enable your students to purchase the right solution to meet their needs, whether it’s a traditional printed text, all digital learning platform, or package that includes the best of both worlds. With the recently updated Natural Hazards and Disasters and CourseMate’s interactive teaching and learning tools, it’s never been easier to help students understand the underlying geological processes, explore the impact these processes have on humans and vice versa, and analyze strategies for mitigating these hazards’ physical and financial harm.
About the Author
Donald Hyndman is an emeritus professor in the Department of Geology at the University of Montana, where he has taught courses in natural hazards, regional geology, igneous and metamorphic petrology, volcanology, and advanced igneous petrology. He continues to lecture on natural hazards. Donald is co-originator and coauthor of six books in the Roadside Geology series and one on the geology of the Pacific Northwest, and he has also written a textbook on Igneous Petrology. His B.S. in Geological Engineering is from the University of British Columbia, and his Ph.D. in Geology is from the University of California Berkeley. He has received the Distinguished Teaching Award and the Distinguished Scholar Award, both given by the University of Montana. David Hyndman is Donald’s son, and a young star in the geological sciences. He is a full professor at Michigan State University, after earning his PhD from Stanford University in 1995. In 2002 he received the Darcy Distinguished Lecturer award, the top award that a hydrogeologist may receive in his or her field. He has won several teaching awards at MSU as well, and is actively involved in the Interactive Studies 203 course at MSU, one of the largest enrollment earth sciences courses in the country.
This book is the first to profile the unique epiphytic plant communities found in Singapore. The canopies of tropical trees are often festooned with luxuriant masses of delicate ferns, orchids and mistletoes; these veritable aerial gardens are one of the most biodiverse habitats on the planet. Yet, despite their prevalence in tropical urban landscapes, many of these fascinating aerial plants remain unappreciated and misunderstood.
The first section of this book provides a concise scientific introduction to the biology of epiphytes and mistletoes, including their taxonomy, life-cycles, adaptive strategies and interactions with their hosts and arboreal fauna. The second section serves as a field guide for identifying all of the common epiphytes and mistletoes found in Singapore.
- Provides a comprehensive reference for the identification and management of epiphytes and mistletoes in Singapore.
- Provides basic information on the biology of these plants, with a focus on colour photo profiles of all common species.
- Beautifully illustrated with large format colour photographs, rendering the overall impression less text-heavy and more readable.
- Serves as an accessible and informative field reference guide for horticultural professionals, as well as the general public.