Language : English
Published : 2008-01-01
Pages : 260
Chretien de Troyes was a French poet in the late 12th century whose work represents some of the best examples of Arthurian legend from medieval times. Contained in this volume are the four complete Arthurian romances that have survived. The first of these stories is that of “Erec and Enide,” which recounts the story of Erec, one of King Arthur’s knights, and the conflict between love and knighthood he experiences in his marriage to Enide. The second romance is the tale of the knight “Cliges” and his love for his uncle’s wife, Fenice. The third romance is that of “Yvain, the Knight of the Lion,” in which Yvain seeks to avenge his cousin Calogrenant, who had been defeated by an otherworldly knight. Lastly is the tale of “Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart,” which centers on Lancelot’s rescue of Guinevere, King Arthur’s queen. These classic medieval poems form some of the earliest and most prominent examples of the legend of King Arthur.”
With 5,000 years of history, India is a culture united by diversity. Her literary traditions reflect her glory and heritage. Today, great works like Ramayana, Mahabharata and Jataka Tales echo throughout the world, having been portrayed in diverse art forms.
Writings of the Indian subcontinent can be found in no less than 17 languages, and the scope of Indian literature is too vast to cover in its entirety. Nonetheless, we hope to provide in this volume a glimpse into Indian’s ancient, pre-medieval and post-medieval literature.
Gateway to Indian Classical Literature features the most famous poets and writers who not only influenced the masses but founded entirely new schools of thought. Each section introduces the seminal works of each era, and addresses its influence on contemporary literature. Through these pages, you will be transported into the world of deities and demons, light and darkness, and India’s greatest aspirations and thoughts.
Used in a variety of courses in various disciplines, Asking the Right Questions helps students bridge the gap between simply memorizing or blindly accepting information, and the greater challenge of critical analysis and synthesis. Specifically, this concise text teaches students to think critically by exploring the components of arguments–issues, conclusions, reasons, evidence, assumptions, language–and on how to spot fallacies and manipulations and obstacles to critical thinking in both written and visual communication. It teaches them to respond to alternative points of view and develop a solid foundation for making personal choices about what to accept and what to reject.
This Norton Critical Edition includes twenty-eight tales from The Arabian Nights translated by Husain Haddawy on the basis of the oldest existing Arabic manuscript.
Few works of literature are as familiar and beloved as The Arabian Nights. Yet few remain also as unknown. In English, The Arabian Nights is a literary work of relatively recent date—the first versions of the tales appeared in English barely two hundred years ago. The tales are accompanied by a preface, a note on the text, and explanatory annotations.
“Contexts” presents three of the oldest witnesses to The Arabian Nights in the Arabic tradition, together in English for the first time: an anonymous ninth-century fragment, Al Mas‘udi’s Muruj al-Dhahab, and Ibn al-Nadim’s The Fihrist. Also included are three related works by the nineteenth- and twentieth-century writers Edgar Allan Poe, Marcel Proust, and Taha Husayn.
“Criticism” collects eleven wide-ranging essays on The Arabian Nights’ central themes by Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Josef Horovitz, Jorge Luis Borges, Francesco Gabrieli, Mia Irene Gerhardt, Tzvetan Todorov, Andras Hamori, Heinz Grotzfield, Jerome W. Clinton, Abdelfattah Kilito, and David Pinault.
A Chronology of The Arabian Nights and a Selected Bibliography are also included.
“The Story of the Stone” (c. 1760) is one of the greatest novels of Chinese literature. The first part of the story, The Golden Days, begins the tale of Bao-yu, a gentle young boy who prefers girls to Confucian studies, and his two cousins: Bao-chai, his parents’ choice of a wife for him, and the ethereal beauty Dai-yu. Through the changing fortunes of the Jia family, this rich, magical work sets worldly events – love affairs, sibling rivalries, political intrigues, even murder – within the context of the Buddhist understanding that earthly existence is an illusion and karma determines the shape of our lives.