Basics of Polymers: Fabrication and Processing Technology
Basics of Polymers: Fabrication and Processing Technology constitutes one of the most important aspects of polymer science and technology. The performance of polymers is evolving into the most rapidly increasing volume of production. Polymers are an important commodity in the modern lifestyle. They are undoubtedly superior materials in terms of their costs, processability, and functional properties. The fabrication and processing technology are showing higher growth than that of the number of polymer grades in the market. This book is a noteworthy text in the increasingly important field of plastics processing and should be of great interest, particularly to those in processing. It is a practical handbook, intended for students, engineers, and those involved in plastics processing. Education and training of personnel are of para- mount importance throughout the book which brings to light a whole host of career opportunities not usually considered for engineers and processors. This book is particularly valuable to all processors/educators as a resource that answers frequently asked questions.
About the Author
Ph.D., Plastics Technology Consultant and Board of Studies Expert Member for technical colleges of India.
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The Number One Guide to Chemical Engineering Principles, Techniques, Calculations, and Applications: Now Even More Current, Efficient, and Practical Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition goes far beyond traditional introductory chemical engineering topics, presenting applications that reflect the full scope of contemporary chemical, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Celebrating its fiftieth Anniversary as the field’s leading practical introduction, it has been extensively updated and reorganized to cover today’s principles and calculations more efficiently, and to present far more coverage of bioengineering, nanoengineering, and green engineering. Offering a strong foundation of skills and knowledge for successful study and practice, it guides students through formulating and solving material and energy balance problems, as well as describing gases, liquids, and vapors. Throughout, the authors introduce efficient, consistent, student-friendly methods for solving problems, analyzing data, and gaining a conceptual, application-based understanding of modern chemical engineering processes. This edition’s improvements include many new problems, examples, and homework assignments. Coverage includes * Modular chapters designed to support introductory chemical engineering courses of any length * Thorough introductions to unit conversions, basis selection, and process measurements * Consistent, sound strategies for solving material and energy balance problems * Clear introductions to key concepts ranging from stoichiometry to enthalpy * Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids: ideal/real gases, single component two-phase systems, gas-liquid systems, and more * Self-assessment questions to help readers identify areas they don’t fully understand * Thought/discussion and homework problems in every chapter * New biotech and bioengineering problems throughout * New examples and homework on nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and green engineering * Extensive tables, charts, and glossaries in each chapte * Many new student projects * Reference appendices presenting atomic weights and numbers, Pitzer Z factors, heats of formation and combustion, and more Practical, readable, and exceptionally easy to use, Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition,is the definitive chemical engineering introduction for students, license candidates, practicing engineers, and scientists. CD-ROM INCLUDES * The latest Polymath trial software for solving linear, nonlinear, and differential equations and regression problems * Point-and-click physical property database containing 700 compounds * Supplemental Problems Workbook containing 100 solved problems * Descriptions and animations of modern process equipment * Chapters on degrees of freedom, process simulation, and unsteady-state material balances * Expert advice for beginners on problem-solving in chemical engineering.
About the Author
David M. Himmelblau was (until his death in April) the American Petrofina Foundation Centennial Professor in Chemical Engineering at the University of Texas, Austin. The author of sixteen books, his areas of research included the use of artificial neural networks for fault diagnosis and data rectification. James B. Riggs is Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at Texas Tech University, where he directs the Texas Tech Process Control and Optimization Consortium. His books include Chemical Process Control, Second Edition and An Introduction to Numerical Methods for Chemical Engineers, Second Edition.
This book is a direct outgrowth of classes that the authors gave over a period of three decades to a university audience taking a Mineral Beneficiation course as a major that included coal processing and utilization. It is designed to be used as a student’s (or layman’s) first introduction to coal processing and utilization, motivating the concepts before illustrating them by means of concrete situations. As such, this book gives an integrated overview of coal processing and utilization along with clean coal technology, presenting all the basic principles, theory and practice in a systematic way. Every topic covered is dealt with in a self-explanatory manner so that any new reader may find this book interesting and easy to understand. The book makes available the hard core of fundamentals of coal processing and utilization in a form which is general enough to meet the needs of many and yet is unburdened by excess baggage best discussed in research journals. The salient feature is that all the technical terminology used in this book has been sufficiently explained in order to allow the reader to understand the concepts effectively without needing to consult additional literature. Problems are introduced not so much to be solved as to be tackled. Some of them are included to lay the ground work for the subsequent theory and will help the readers in teaching, research and operating plants. Overall, this book will be of interest to professionals and engineers in the fields of energy, mining, mineral, metallurgical and geological engineering, as well as to engineering geologists and earth sciences professionals.
Bioprocess technology involves the combination of living matter (whole organism or enzymes ) with nutrients under laboratory conditions to make a desired product within the pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics, biotechnology, fine chemicals and bulk chemicals sectors. Industry is under increasing pressure to develop new processes that are both environmentally friendly and cost-effective, and this can be achieved by taking a fresh look at process development; – namely by combining modern process modeling techniques with sustainability assessment methods. Development of Sustainable Bioprocesses: Modeling and Assessment describes methodologies and supporting case studies for the evolution and implementation of sustainable bioprocesses. Practical and industry-focused, the book begins with an introduction to the bioprocess industries and development procedures. Bioprocesses and bioproducts are then introduced, together with a description of the unit operations involved. Modeling procedures, a key feature of the book, are covered in chapter 3 prior to an overview of the key sustainability assessment methods in use (environmental, economic and societal). The second part of the book is devoted to case studies, which cover the development of bioprocesses in the pharmaceutical, food, fine chemicals, cosmetics and bulk chemicals industries. Some selected case studies include: citric acid, biopolymers, antibiotics, biopharmaceuticals. An accompanying CD-ROM will provide readers with hands-on materials so that the techniques can be put into practice. These materials include a demo version of SuperPro Designer software (used in process engineering) and models of all featured case studies, excel sheets of assessment methods, Monte Carlo simulations and exercises.
About the Author
Professor Elmar Heinzle, Universitat des Saarlandes, Germany Dr. Charles Cooney, MIT, USA Both internationally-recognised experts in biochemical engineering and modeling Dr Arno Biwer, MIT/ Universitat des Saarlandes, Germany
The new edition of a classic text and reference The large chains of molecules known as polymers are currently used in everything from “wash and wear” clothing to rubber tires to protective enamels and paints. Yet the practical applications of polymers are only increasing; innovations in polymer chemistry constantly bring both improved and entirely new uses for polymers onto the technological playing field. Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition presents the classic text on polymer synthesis, fully updated to reflect today’s state of the art. New and expanded coverage in the Fourth Edition includes: Metallocene and post-metallocene polymerization catalysts Living polymerizations (radical, cationic, anionic) Dendrimer, hyperbranched, brush, and other polymer architectures and assemblies Graft and block copolymers High-temperature polymers Inorganic and organometallic polymers Conducting polymers Ring-opening polymer ization In vivo and in vitro polymerization Appropriate for both novice and advanced students as well as professionals, this comprehensive yet accessible resource enables the reader to achieve an advanced, up-to-date understanding of polymer synthesis. Different methods of polymerization, reaction parameters for synthesis, molecular weight, branching and crosslinking, and the chemical and physical structure of polymers all receive ample coverage. A thorough discussion at the elementary level prefaces each topic, with a more advanced treatment following. Yet the language throughout remains straightforward and geared towards the student. Extensively updated, Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition provides an excellent textbook for today’s students of polymer chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science, as well as a current reference for the researcher or other practitioner working in these areas.
About the Author
GEORGE ODIAN received his PhD from Columbia University. He is currently Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the College of Staten Island of the City University of New York. He has previously served as professor of chemistry and chairman, Division of Pure and Applied Sciences at Richmond College of CUNY, assistant professor at Columbia University, research director of RAI Research Company, and research chemist at Thiokol Chemical Company. He has written over sixty research publications and authored both taped and short courses for the American Chemical Society. He is also the coauthor of four books in general, organic, and biochemistry.