Basics of Polymers: Fabrication and Processing Technology
Basics of Polymers: Fabrication and Processing Technology constitutes one of the most important aspects of polymer science and technology. The performance of polymers is evolving into the most rapidly increasing volume of production. Polymers are an important commodity in the modern lifestyle. They are undoubtedly superior materials in terms of their costs, processability, and functional properties. The fabrication and processing technology are showing higher growth than that of the number of polymer grades in the market. This book is a noteworthy text in the increasingly important field of plastics processing and should be of great interest, particularly to those in processing. It is a practical handbook, intended for students, engineers, and those involved in plastics processing. Education and training of personnel are of para- mount importance throughout the book which brings to light a whole host of career opportunities not usually considered for engineers and processors. This book is particularly valuable to all processors/educators as a resource that answers frequently asked questions.
About the Author
Ph.D., Plastics Technology Consultant and Board of Studies Expert Member for technical colleges of India.
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Bioprocess technology involves the combination of living matter (whole organism or enzymes ) with nutrients under laboratory conditions to make a desired product within the pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics, biotechnology, fine chemicals and bulk chemicals sectors. Industry is under increasing pressure to develop new processes that are both environmentally friendly and cost-effective, and this can be achieved by taking a fresh look at process development; – namely by combining modern process modeling techniques with sustainability assessment methods. Development of Sustainable Bioprocesses: Modeling and Assessment describes methodologies and supporting case studies for the evolution and implementation of sustainable bioprocesses. Practical and industry-focused, the book begins with an introduction to the bioprocess industries and development procedures. Bioprocesses and bioproducts are then introduced, together with a description of the unit operations involved. Modeling procedures, a key feature of the book, are covered in chapter 3 prior to an overview of the key sustainability assessment methods in use (environmental, economic and societal). The second part of the book is devoted to case studies, which cover the development of bioprocesses in the pharmaceutical, food, fine chemicals, cosmetics and bulk chemicals industries. Some selected case studies include: citric acid, biopolymers, antibiotics, biopharmaceuticals. An accompanying CD-ROM will provide readers with hands-on materials so that the techniques can be put into practice. These materials include a demo version of SuperPro Designer software (used in process engineering) and models of all featured case studies, excel sheets of assessment methods, Monte Carlo simulations and exercises.
About the Author
Professor Elmar Heinzle, Universitat des Saarlandes, Germany Dr. Charles Cooney, MIT, USA Both internationally-recognised experts in biochemical engineering and modeling Dr Arno Biwer, MIT/ Universitat des Saarlandes, Germany
The third edition of “Process Systems Analysis and Control” retains the excellent style for which this book is well known: short, clearly written chapters. The book is an ideal teaching and learning tool for a semester-long undergraduate chemical engineering course in process dynamics and control. It avoids the encyclopedic approach that many texts on this topic fall into. The third edition is updated to include new topics, including model predictive control and digital control, that are introduced at a level appropriate for the undergraduate chemical engineering curriculum. Computer examples using MATLAB and Simulink have been introduced throughout the book to supplement and enhance standard hand-solved examples. These packages allow the easy construction of block diagrams and quick analysis of control concepts to enable the student to explore “what-if” type problems that would be much more difficult and time consuming by hand. Many new homework problems have been added to each chapter. The new problems are a mixture of hand-solved and computer exercises. One-page capsule summaries have been added to the end of each chapter to help students review and study the most important concepts in each chapter.
The new edition of a classic text and reference The large chains of molecules known as polymers are currently used in everything from “wash and wear” clothing to rubber tires to protective enamels and paints. Yet the practical applications of polymers are only increasing; innovations in polymer chemistry constantly bring both improved and entirely new uses for polymers onto the technological playing field. Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition presents the classic text on polymer synthesis, fully updated to reflect today’s state of the art. New and expanded coverage in the Fourth Edition includes: Metallocene and post-metallocene polymerization catalysts Living polymerizations (radical, cationic, anionic) Dendrimer, hyperbranched, brush, and other polymer architectures and assemblies Graft and block copolymers High-temperature polymers Inorganic and organometallic polymers Conducting polymers Ring-opening polymer ization In vivo and in vitro polymerization Appropriate for both novice and advanced students as well as professionals, this comprehensive yet accessible resource enables the reader to achieve an advanced, up-to-date understanding of polymer synthesis. Different methods of polymerization, reaction parameters for synthesis, molecular weight, branching and crosslinking, and the chemical and physical structure of polymers all receive ample coverage. A thorough discussion at the elementary level prefaces each topic, with a more advanced treatment following. Yet the language throughout remains straightforward and geared towards the student. Extensively updated, Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition provides an excellent textbook for today’s students of polymer chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science, as well as a current reference for the researcher or other practitioner working in these areas.
About the Author
GEORGE ODIAN received his PhD from Columbia University. He is currently Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the College of Staten Island of the City University of New York. He has previously served as professor of chemistry and chairman, Division of Pure and Applied Sciences at Richmond College of CUNY, assistant professor at Columbia University, research director of RAI Research Company, and research chemist at Thiokol Chemical Company. He has written over sixty research publications and authored both taped and short courses for the American Chemical Society. He is also the coauthor of four books in general, organic, and biochemistry.
The leading integrated chemical process design guide: Now with extensive new coverage and more process designs More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Fourth Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details-and knows which to stress when, and why. Realistic from start to finish, this updated edition moves readers beyond classroom exercises into open-ended, real-world process problem solving. The authors introduce integrated techniques for every facet of the discipline, from finance to operations, new plant design to existing process optimization. This fourth edition adds new chapters introducing dynamic process simulation; advanced concepts in steady-state simulation; extensive coverage of thermodynamics packages for modeling processes containing electrolyte solutions and solids; and a concise introduction to logic control. “What You Have Learned” summaries have been added to each chapter, and the text’s organization has been refined for greater clarity. Coverage Includes * Conceptualization and analysis: flow diagrams, batch processing, tracing, process conditions, and product design strategies * Economic analysis: capital and manufacturing costs, financial calculations, and profitability analysis * Synthesis and optimization: principles, PFD synthesis, simulation techniques, top-down and bottom-up optimization, pinch technology, and software-based control * Advanced steady-state simulation: goals, models, solution strategies, and sensitivity and optimization studies * Dynamic simulation: goals, development, solution methods, algorithms, and solvers * Performance analysis: I/O models, tools, performance curves, reactor performance, troubleshooting, and “debottlenecking” * Societal impact: ethics, professionalism, health, safety, environmental issues, and green engineering * Interpersonal and communication skills: improving teamwork and group effectiveness This title draws on more than fifty years of innovative chemical engineering instruction at West Virginia University and the University of Nevada, Reno. It includes suggested curricula for single-semester and year-long design courses, case studies and practical design projects, current equipment cost data, and extensive preliminary design information that can be used as the starting point for more detailed analyses. About the CD-Rom and Web Site The CD contains the newest version of CAPCOST, a powerful tool for evaluating fixed capital investment, full process economics, and profitability. The heat exchanger network software, HENSAD, is also included. The CD also contains an additional appendix presenting preliminary design information for fifteen key chemical processes, including four new to this edition: shift reaction; acid-gas removal via physical solvent; H2S removal from a gas stream using the Claus process; and coal gasification. The CD also includes six additional projects, plus chapters on outcomes assessment, written and oral communications, and a written report case study. Sixty additional projects and twenty-four more problems are available at www.che.cemr.wvu.edu/publications/projects.
About the Author
Richard Turton is professor of chemical engineering and professor in the Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources at West Virginia University. He has taught WVU’s senior design course for more than twenty-five years. Richard C. Bailie, professor emeritus at WVU, taught chemical engineering design for more than twenty years. He has extensive experience in process evaluation, pilot plant operation, and plant startup. Wallace B. Whiting, professor emeritus at the University of Nevada, Reno, has practiced and taught chemical process design for more than twenty-four years. Joseph A. Shaeiwitz has been involved in WVU’s senior design sequence and sophomore- and junior-level integrated design projects for twenty years. Debangsu Bhattacharyya, associate professor in the department of chemical engineering at WVU, has worked in computer-aided simulation, design, construction, and in the operation of a large petroleum refinery for more than ten years.