Becoming Black Political Subjects: Movements and Ethno-Racial Rights in Colombia and Brazil
After decades of denying racism and underplaying cultural diversity, Latin American states began adopting transformative ethno-racial legislation in the late 1980s. In addition to symbolic recognition of indigenous peoples and black populations, governments in the region created a more pluralistic model of citizenship and made significant reforms in the areas of land, health, education, and development policy. Becoming Black Political Subjects explores this shift from color blindness to ethno-racial legislation in two of the most important cases in the region: Colombia and Brazil. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, Tianna Paschel shows how, over a short period, black movements and their claims went from being marginalized to become institutionalized into the law, state bureaucracies, and mainstream politics. The strategic actions of a small group of black activists–working in the context of domestic unrest and the international community’s growing interest in ethno-racial issues–successfully brought about change. Paschel also examines the consequences of these reforms, including the institutionalization of certain ideas of blackness, the reconfiguration of black movement organizations, and the unmaking of black rights in the face of reactionary movements. Becoming Black Political Subjects offers important insights into the changing landscape of race and Latin American politics and provokes readers to adopt a more transnational and flexible understanding of social movements.
About the Author
Tianna S. Paschel is assistant professor of African American Studies at the University of California, Berkeley.
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Force 136 is the autobiography of a man who swore himself to two missions: first, to defend his homeland during the Japanese Occupation in the early 1940s; second, to make known to everyone the patriotic ardour of the resistance fighters, including the dauntless Lim Bo Seng.To the first cause, author Tan Chong Tee remains faithful, having risked his life in the daredevil stunts required of his calling, and suffered imprisonment and torment to keep the secrecy of the team. As to the second cause, it is his desire that in producing this English edition, readers worldwide will be able to recapture the events of World War II in this region. And his testimony is invaluable since there remain only nine survivors of Force 136 residing in Singapore left to tell their story.
The premier study Bible used by scholars, pastors, undergraduate and graduate students, The New Oxford Annotated Bible offers a vast range of information, including extensive notes by experts in their fields; in-text maps, charts, and diagrams; supplementary essays on translation, biblical interpretation, cultural and historical background, and other general topics. Extensively revised-half of the material is brand new-featuring a new design to enhance readability, and brand-new color maps, the Annotated Fourth Edition adds to the established reputation of this essential biblical studies resource. Many new and revised maps, charts, and diagrams further clarify information found in the Scripture text. In addition, section introductions have been expanded and the book introductions present their information in a standard format so that students can find what they need to know. Of course, the Fourth Edition retains the features prized by students, including single column annotations at the foot of the pages, in-text charts, and maps, a page number-keyed index of all the study materials in the volume, and Oxford’s renowned Bible maps. This timely edition maintains and extends the excellence the Annotated’s users have come to expect, bringing still more insights, information, and perspectives to bear upon the understanding of the biblical text. BL The renowned New Revised Standard Version Bible translation, the scholarly standard for study of the Bible BL Wholly revised, and greatly expanded book introductions and annotations. BL Annotations in a single column across the page bottom, paragraphed according to their boldface topical headings. BL In-text background essays on the major divisions of the biblical text. BL Essays on the history of the formation of the biblical canon for Jews and various Christian churches. BL More detailed explanations of the historical background of the text. BL More in-depth treatment of the history and varieties of biblical criticism. BL A timeline of major events in the ancient Near East. BL A full index to all of the study materials, keyed to the page numbers on which they occur. BL A full glossary of scholarly and critical terms. BL 36-page section of full color New Oxford Bible Maps, approximately 40 in-text line drawing maps and diagrams. Classic but not stodgy, up-to-date but not trendy, The New Oxford Annotated Bible: 4th Edition is ready to serve new generations of students, teachers, and general readers.
About the Author
Michael Coogan is Lecturer on Old Testament/Hebrew Bible at Harvard Divinity School and Director of Publications for the Harvard Semitic Museum. He has also taught at Harvard University, Boston College, Wellesley College, Fordham University, and the University of Waterloo (Ontario), and has participated in and directed archaeological excavations in Israel, Jordan, Cyprus, and Egypt. He is the author of Old Testament text books and The Old Testament VSI.Marc Z. Brettler is Dora Golding Professor of Biblical Studies and chair of the Department of Near Eastern and Judaic Studies, Brandeis University.Carol Newsom is Charles Howard Candler Professor of Old Testament, Candler School of Theology, Emory University.Pheme Perkins is Professor of Theology at Boston College.
He ended the Warring States Period. He unified China. He created the mammoth Great Wall. He standardised the Chinese written script. He had roads and carts standardised across the land, way before the modern concept of mass production was born. But he also did many things that would send shivers down your spine. He is none other than Qin Shihuang, the visionary First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty. Synonymous with the Qin Dynasty, Qin Shihuang was able to set up this empire by building upon the firm foundation laid by his illustrious ancestors. In reality, he consolidated their efforts and completed their work. Unfortunately, due to Qin Shihuang’s oppressive rule, the Qin Dynasty fell apart just four years after his death. Nevertheless, its influence far outshines its own 14-year existence. Therefore, knowledge of this dynasty is crucial to understanding China and her cultural tradition.