Language : English
Published : 2011-01-17
Pages : 672
Blue Planet An Introduction to Earth System Science, 3rd Edition
The third edition of “Blue Planet: An Introduction to Earth System Science” treats earth science from a systems perspective, showing how the four spheres (lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere) are interrelated. In this edition, significant emphasis is placed on cycling of materials and energy, and interactions among the spheres. The text also places much clearer emphasis on basic science, which can be seen in the reorganization of topics into Energy and Matter chapters, as well as a new ‘The Basics’ feature in each chapter. This edition is also more systematic about documenting human impacts on the various spheres of the Earth system.
Though the deep interior of the Earth (and other terrestrial planets) is inaccessible to humans, we are able to combine observational, experimental and computational (theoretical) studies to begin to understand the role of the deep Earth in the dynamics and evolution of the planet. This book brings together a series of reviews of key areas in this important and vibrant field of studies.
A range of material properties, including phase transformations and rheological properties, influences the way in which material is circulated within the planet. This circulation re-distributes key materials such as volatiles that affect the pattern of materials circulation. The understanding of deep Earth structure and dynamics is a key to the understanding of evolution and dynamics of terrestrial planets, including planets orbiting other stars.
This book contains chapters on deep Earth materials, compositional models, and geophysical studies of material circulation which together provide an invaluable synthesis of deep Earth research.
Readership: advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers in geophysics, mineral physics and geochemistry.
Geography Skills for NCEA Level Three is a New Zealand write-on textbook for students engaged in programmes of learning that require students to demonstrate an understanding of environments through the selection and application of geographic concepts and skills. For students preparing for NCEA Level Three Geography or New Zealand Scholarship Geography, the text provides a concise but authoritative progression of the basic concepts and more complex geographical skills required for success in the concepts and skills-based external standard (Geography 3.4). Geography Skills for NCEA Level Three builds on geographic concepts and skills introduced in the previously published Geography Skills for NCEA Level One and Geography Skills for NCEA Level Two.
Surveying Fundamentals and Practices, Sixth Edition, covers up-to-date surveying technology without losing perspective of the need to provide students with a strong foundation in traditional surveying fundamentals. Through clear explanations and applied examples, the text presents the methods of measuring and computing distances, angles, and directions. It provides students with a firm grasp of modern equipment and office and field procedures related to horizontal control surveys, property surveys, topographic surveys, roadway curve calculations, and construction layout surveys. The sixth edition offers students a “user-friendly” text that they will be able to rely on as a meaningful learning tool in class and at home. Plus! A companion student website, “MyConstructionKit”, is now available! *MyConstructionKit is an online resource that offers a wealth of study tools to engage students for a variety of Pearson construction management, architecture, and civil engineering technology textbooks!
The environmental life cycle of a product consists of all the stages, from raw material extraction through production and use to waste management. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), then, is the assessment of the environmental impact of a product throughout its life cycle. The holistic perspective that LCA provides on the environmental performance of products has made it a central concept for both environmental management in industry and environmental policy-making in public government. This is a textbook on LCA for those who want to learn the practice of LCA, e.g. environmental engineers, environmental managers and eco-designers. The title paraphrases Douglas Adams’ famous story “The Hitch Hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”, in which the machine Deep Thought after seven and a half million years of computing come up with ’42’ as the answer to the ‘great Question of Life, the Universe and Everything’. Expectations on LCA are often similar – simple answer to difficult environmental dilemmas, and the result often as incomprehensible as 42, unless one knows how to interpret LCA methodology and results. The book is organised in three parts covering LCA methodology, LCA applications and exercises on LCA. Two introductory chapters give a general overview of the LCA concept and its historical development. After that, LCA methodology is described in detail in six chapters. Different fields of LCA application are covered in five subsequent chapters. Since the aim of the book is to teach the execution of LCA, there are also a number of exercises. Smaller exercises train different aspects of LCA methodology and prepare for the larger ones, ten complete LCA exercise projects.