Bolshevism at a Deadlock
Bolshevism at a Deadlock was written Karl Kautsky, one of the leading Marxist intellectuals of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, in response to the catastrophic failures of Stalin’s first Five Year Plan, which was intended to raise Russian industry and productivity to equal that of Western Europe. Kautsky sets out to demonstrate how the repressive autocracy of the Bolsheviks and the disregard for economic exigencies achieved nothing more than “the wholesale pauperisation and degradation of the Russian people”, and prophesies the imminent collapse of Soviet Russia in the face of mass famine, ideological dogmatism and, ultimately, the failures inherent in the 1917 Revolution itself. Kautsky’s analysis of the situation of Socialist Russia at the beginning of the troubled 1930s will be of interest to students of pre-war Soviet political practice, economic history and domestic policy.
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Craving pleasure as well as knowledge, Raphael Sanzio was quick to realize that his talent would only be truly appreciated in the liberal, carefree and extravagantly sensual atmosphere of Rome during its golden age under Julius II and Leo X.
Arriving in the city in 1508 at the age of twenty-five, he was entranced and seduced by life at the papal court and within a few months had emerged as the most brilliant star in its intellectual firmament. His art achieved a natural grace that was totally uninhibited and free from subjection. His death, at just thirty-seven, plunged the city into the kind of despair that follows the passing of an esteemed and much loved prince.
In this major new biography Antonio Forcellino retraces the meteoric arc of Raphael’s career by re-examining contemporary documents and accounts and interpreting the artist’s works with the eye of an expert art restorer. Raphael’s paintings are vividly described and placed in their historical context. Forcellino analyses Raphael’s techniques for producing the large frescos for which he is so famous, examines his working practices and his organization of what was a new kind of artistic workshop, and shows how his female portraits expressed and conveyed a new attitude to women.
This rich and nuanced account casts aside the misconceptions passed on by those critics who persistently tried to undermine Raphael’s mythical status, enabling one of the greatest artists of all time to re-emerge fully as both man and artist.
He ended the Warring States Period. He unified China. He created the mammoth Great Wall. He standardised the Chinese written script. He had roads and carts standardised across the land, way before the modern concept of mass production was born. But he also did many things that would send shivers down your spine. He is none other than Qin Shihuang, the visionary First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty. Synonymous with the Qin Dynasty, Qin Shihuang was able to set up this empire by building upon the firm foundation laid by his illustrious ancestors. In reality, he consolidated their efforts and completed their work. Unfortunately, due to Qin Shihuang’s oppressive rule, the Qin Dynasty fell apart just four years after his death. Nevertheless, its influence far outshines its own 14-year existence. Therefore, knowledge of this dynasty is crucial to understanding China and her cultural tradition.
Unveil the secrets of the Chinese palace. Learn about behind-the-scenes-and-screens intrigues of the various dynasties of China in the great halls and buildings of the palace complex. Meet the occupants of the palace: the emperors, empresses, imperial concubines and siblings, eunuchs and many others, and find out how the notable ones altered the course of history.
What would life in Singapore have been like if our forefathers had not persevered and imagined how they could make things better? If not for hard-working and enterprising individuals like Tan Kah Kee, Tan Tock Seng, Mohammed Eunos bin Abdullah, Naraina Pillai, P Govindasamy Pillai and Edwin Tessensohn, Singapore might not have turned out the way she did. This book pays tribute to these pioneers, showcasing their life and their achievements in an illustrated format.