Language : English
Published : 2018-02-09
Pages : 192
Common Sense, the Turing Test, and the Quest for Real AI
What artificial intelligence can tell us about the mind and intelligent behavior. What can artificial intelligence teach us about the mind? If AI’s underlying concept is that thinking is a computational process, then how can computation illuminate thinking? It’s a timely question. AI is all the rage, and the buzziest AI buzz surrounds adaptive machine learning: computer systems that learn intelligent behavior from massive amounts of data. This is what powers a driverless car, for example. In this book, Hector Levesque shifts the conversation to “good old fashioned artificial intelligence,” which is based not on heaps of data but on understanding commonsense intelligence. This kind of artificial intelligence is equipped to handle situations that depart from previous patterns — as we do in real life, when, for example, we encounter a washed-out bridge or when the barista informs us there’s no more soy milk. Levesque considers the role of language in learning. He argues that a computer program that passes the famous Turing Test could be a mindless zombie, and he proposes another way to test for intelligence — the Winograd Schema Test, developed by Levesque and his colleagues. “If our goal is to understand intelligent behavior, we had better understand the difference between making it and faking it,” he observes. He identifies a possible mechanism behind common sense and the capacity to call on background knowledge: the ability to represent objects of thought symbolically. As AI migrates more and more into everyday life, we should worry if systems without common sense are making decisions where common sense is needed.
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Clouds are distributed technology platforms that leverage sophisticated technology innovations to provide highly scalable and resilient environments that can be remotely utilized by organizations in a multitude of powerful ways. To successfully build upon, integrate with, or even create a cloud environment requires an understanding of its common inner mechanics, architectural layers, and models, as well as an understanding of the business and economic factors that result from the adoption and real-world use of cloud-based services. In Cloud Computing: Concepts, Technology & Architecture, Thomas Erl, one of the world’s top-selling IT authors, teams up with cloud computing experts and researchers to break down proven and mature cloud computing technologies and practices into a series of well-defined concepts, models, technology mechanisms, and technology architectures, all from an industry-centric and vendor-neutral point of view. In doing so, the book establishes concrete, academic coverage with a focus on structure, clarity, and well-defined building blocks for mainstream cloud computing platforms and solutions. Subsequent to technology-centric coverage, the book proceeds to establish business-centric models and metrics that allow for the financial assessment of cloud-based IT resources and their comparison to those hosted on traditional IT enterprise premises. Also provided are templates and formulas for calculating SLA-related quality-of-service values and numerous explorations of the SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS delivery models. With more than 260 figures, 29 architectural models, and 20 mechanisms, this indispensable guide provides a comprehensive education of cloud computing essentials that will never leave your side.
About the Author
Thomas Erl is a top-selling IT author, founder of Arcitura Education, editor of the Service Technology Magazine and series editor of the Prentice Hall Service Technology Series from Thomas Erl. With more than 175,000 copies in print world-wide, his books have become international bestsellers and have been formally endorsed by senior members of major IT organizations, such as IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, Intel, Accenture, IEEE, HL7, MITRE, SAP, CISCO, HP, and many others. As CEO of Arcitura Education Inc. and in cooperation with CloudSchool.com and SOASchool.com, Thomas has led the development of curricula for the internationally recognized Cloud Certified Professional (CCP) and SOA Certified Professional (SOACP) accreditation programs, which have established a series of formal, vendor-neutral industry certifications obtained by thousands of IT professionals around the world. Thomas has toured over 20 countries as a speaker and instructor and regularly participates in international conferences, including Service Technology Symposium and Gartner events. More than 100 articles and interviews by Thomas have been published in numerous publications, including The Wall Street Journal and CIO Magazine. Dr. Zaigham Mahmood is a published author of six books, four of which are dedicated to cloud computing. He acts as a technology consultant at Debesis Education UK and a Researcher at the University of Derby, UK. He further holds positions as a foreign professor and professor extraordinaire with international educational institutions. Professor Mahmood is a certified cloud trainer and a regular speaker at the International SOA, Cloud Service Technology Symposium, and he has published more than 100 articles. His specialized areas of research include distributed computing, project management, and e-government. Professor Ricardo Puttini has 15 years of field experience as a senior IT consultant at major government organizations in Brazil. He has taught several undergraduate and graduate-level courses in service orientation, service-oriented architecture, and cloud computing. Ricardo was the general chair of the 4th International SOA Symposium and 3rd International Cloud Symposium that was held in the spring of 2011. He holds a Ph.D. in Communication Networks (2004) from the University of Brasilia, where he has taught in the Electrical Engineering department since 1998. Ricardo spent 18 months at the L’Ecole Superieure d’Electricite (Supelec) in Rennes, France, during his Ph.D., where he started researching distributed system architecture and security.
For first-year or introductory courses in Engineering and Computer Science With a hands-on approach and focus on problem solving, this introduction to the powerful MATLAB computing language is designed for students with only a basic college algebra background. Numerous examples are drawn from a range of engineering disciplines, demonstrating MATLAB’s applications to a broad variety of problems.
Using Arduino, you can join the DIY movement and build an amazing spectrum of projects – limited only by your imagination! Until now, however, most Arduino books and manuals have demanded extensive “geekitude.” Not this one: it assumes you know nothing about Arduino or electronics, guides you gently up the learning curve, walks you through several real projects, and leaves you ready to do anything you want with Arduino. This lush, 4-color guide is loaded with step-by-step photos that guide you every step of the way. Your guide, John Baichtal, founding member of legendary hackerspace Twin Cities Maker, is author of Hack This! 24 Incredible Hackerspace Projects from the DIY Movement: he’s one of the world’sleading experts in getting newcomers up-to-speed with hardware projects. Baichtal’s Arduino for Beginners starts with an easy crash course in Arduino and electronics, and teaches all you need to know about safety, tools, soldering, and more. You’ll learn how to: * Detect intrusion with lasers and IR * Set up Arduino Bluetooth connections * Create useful Arduino programs from scratch * Use sensors and water controls * Conrol DC motors, servos, and stepper motors * Create projects that keep track of time * Safely control high-voltage circuits * Harvest useful parts from junk electronics, and more Along the way, you won’t just walk through building several practical projects: you’ll learn how to construct professional enclosures, so your projects won’t just look like tangled wires and bare circuit boards – they’ll actually fit and function comfortably in your home!
The best business guide for design professionals just got even better! This revised and expanded third edition includes everything designers need–besides talent–to turn their artistic success into business success. You’ll find information on key issues facing designers from freelancing to managing established design firms. A strong visual focus and to-the-point text take the fear factor out of learning about thorny business realities like staffing, marketing, bookkeeping, intellectual property, and more. These smart business practices are essential to success in graphic, Web, and industrial design. Here are just a few of the things you’ll learn:
• How to get on the right career path
• The best way to determine pricing
• How to avoid common legal pitfalls
• How to manage large projects
• The secrets of efficient design teams
• How to forecast your workload and finances
• Dealing with international clients
• The merging models of ad agencies and design firms
Talent Is Not Enough provides a big-picture context for these and other challenges and shares practical, real-world advice. Since its first publication, the book has become an essential resource for both students and working professionals in these areas and more:
• Design planning and strategy
• Corporate identity development
• Publication and editorial design
• Brand identity and packaging design
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• Marketing communications
• Environmental design
• Industrial design
• Motion graphics
• Interaction design
• Information design