Language : English
Published : 2017-09-30
Pages : 252
Courts and Democracies in Asia
What is the relationship between the strength of a country’s democracy and the ability of its courts to address deficiencies in the electoral process? Drawing a distinction between democracies that can be characterised as ‘dominant-party’ (for example Singapore, Malaysia, and Hong Kong), ‘dynamic’ (for example India, South Korea, and Taiwan), and ‘fragile’ (for example Thailand, Pakistan ,and Bangladesh), this book explores how democracy sustains and is sustained by the exercise of judicial power. In dominant-party systems, courts can only pursue ‘dialogic’ pathways to constrain the government’s authoritarian tendencies. On the other hand, in dynamic democracies, courts can more successfully innovate and make systemic changes to the electoral system. Finally, in fragile democracies, where a country regularly oscillates between martial law and civilian rule, their courts tend to consistently overreach, and this often facilitates or precipitates a hostile take-over by the armed forces, and lead to the demise of the rule of law.
International criminal justice is in transition. This book explores the growing internationalisation of criminal justice as a phenomenon of global governance. It provides students with a critical understanding of the international institutions for regulating transnational crime, the development of alternative justice processes across the globe, and international and supra-national co-operation criminal justice policies and practices. Key topics covered include: The historical development of International Criminal Justice institutions and traditions International Restorative Justice Victim communities and collaborative justice The relationship between crime and war International Human Rights The ‘War on Terror’ The globalisation of crime and control Developments in global governance, communitarian justice and accountability This text will familiarize students with the literature and debates surrounding international criminal justice and enable them to critically appreciate their theoretical and policy context. In doing so, it encourages students to assess the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to the study of global justice and the analysis of comparative policy convergence and research. It will also help students to reflect on, and communicate in an informed and critical way theoretical accounts and empirical studies within the field of international criminal justice. This book will be essential reading for upper level undergraduates taking courses in criminal law, international relations and governance and postgraduates engaged in international criminal justice, international law, regulation and governance and human rights.
“For the life of a diplomat is often a variation of routine boredom and exhilarating crises.”
Maurice Baker is an academic and one of Singapore’s pioneer diplomats. Growing up in colonial–governed Malaya and Singapore, his profound love for great literature works inspired him to obtain an honors in English from King’s college, London in 1948 despite the cruelties faced during and after the Second World War. Baker’s humble beginnings and political consciousness earned him the friendship and respect of many diplomats during his missions to India in 1967, Malaysia in 1969, Philippines in 1977 and back to Malaysia in 1980 before retiring from his career as a diplomat in 1988. Between his diplomatic missions, Baker returned to Singapore in 1972 to head the Department of English at the University of Singapore for five years.
This is Baker’s story of how he came to be The Accidental Diplomat. With occasional poems and a sense of humor, he candidly recounts the colourful romances of his life to his enriching encounters of diplomatic relations. His portrayals of admiration for great leaders and men paint a vivid picture of the qualities that guided his beliefs, proving that he was by no means an “Accidental Diplomat” in the eyes of others.
Aristotle asked how one should live one s life. This question is more relevant to us today than it was several millennia ago because the decisions of leaders and other people can have widespread effects not only on the jobs, health and wealth of billions of human beings, but also on the environment.
Every major decision made in business, government and society is fundamentally an ethical one with widespread social responsibility implications. Whether it is the global sale of worthless financial derivatives, the adulteration of milk and infant formula with toxic material or the abuse of technology leading to invasion of privacy, the disregard of ethical principles has resulted in the degradation of the quality of life and dehumanization of the individual.
Written by seven faculty members of the School of Law at the Singapore Management University (SMU), Ethics and Social Responsibility draws upon the scholarship and history of the West and also presents lessons, examples and situations that are relevant to Asia. Originally conceived as a textbook for SMU students reading Ethics and Social Responsibility as a university core curriculum course, the book balances judiciously between theory and practice to allow readers to apply their theoretical understanding of concepts to real-world scenarios. In addition, open-ended questions are included to provoke deeper reflection and discussion, while illustrations and case studies highlight ethical concepts and their applications.
The writers expertly capture the sense of dynamism of ethics and social responsibility and sensitize readers to deal with these issues in the real world.
An Introduction to Government and Politics continues with its traditional and trusted framework to equip readers with a comprehensive and logically consistent vocabulary for the study of politics, helping them to better see the relevance of government in their lives. This ninth edition has been streamlined, replacing dated material with current political realities, news events, and approaches in order to better situate the student for discussion about larger political issues. It retains its prominence as an authoritative and accessible text with a historical and “Canadianist” – based approach that appeals to the traditional Introduction to Political Science course.
Table of Contents
Introduction – The Study of Political Science Part One: Basic Concepts Chapter 1: Government and Politics Chapter 2: Power, Legitimacy, and Authority Chapter 3: Sovereignty, State, and Citizenship Chapter 4: The Nation Chapter 5: Political Culture and Socialization Chapter 6: Law Chapter 7: Constitutionalism Chapter 8: Cooperation under Anarchy Part Two: Ideology Chapter 9: Ideology Chapter 10: Liberalism Chapter 11: Conservatism Chapter 12: Socialism and Communism Chapter 13: Nationalism Chapter 14: Feminism Chapter 15: Environmentalism Part Three: Forms of Government Chapter 16: Classification of Political Systems Chapter 17: Liberal Democracy Chapter 18: Transitions to Democracy Chapter 19: Autocratic Systems of Government Chapter 20: Parliamentary and Presidential Systems Chapter 21: Unitary and Federal Systems Part Four: The Political Process Chapter 22: The Political Process Chapter 23: Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Social Movements: The Organization of Interests Chapter 24: Communications Media Chapter 25: Elections and Electoral Systems Chapter 26: Representative Assemblies Chapter 27: The Political Executive Chapter 28: The Administration Chapter 29: The Judiciary Notes Appendix A: Constitution Act, 1867 Appendix B: Constitution Act, 1982 Glossary Index