Invisible Mind: Flexible Social Cognition and Dehumanization
In Invisible Minds, Lasana Harris takes a social neuroscience approach to explaining the worst of human behavior. How can a person take part in racially motivated violence and then tenderly cradle a baby or lovingly pet a puppy? Harris argues that our social cognition — the ability to infer the mental states of another agent — is flexible. That is, we can either engage or withhold social cognition. If we withhold social cognition, we dehumanize the other person. Integrating theory from a range of disciplines — social, developmental, and cognitive psychology, evolutionary anthropology, philosophy, economics, and law — with neuroscience data, Harris explores how and why we engage or withhold social cognition. He examines research in these different disciplines and describes biological processes that underlie flexible social cognition, including brain, genetic, hormonal, and physiological mechanisms. After laying out the philosophical and theoretical terrain, Harris explores examples of social cognitive ability in nonhumans and explains the evolutionary staying power of this trait. He addresses two motives for social cognition — prediction and explanation — and reviews cases of anthropomorphism (extending social cognition to entities without mental states) and dehumanization (withholding it from people with mental states). He discusses the relation of social cognition to the human/nonhuman distinction and to the evolution of sociality. He considers the importance of social context and, finally, he speculates about the implications of flexible social cognition in such arenas for human interaction as athletic competition and international disputes.
About the Author
Lasana T. Harris is Senior Lecturer in Experimental Psychology at University College London and Guest Lecturer in Social and Organizational Psychology at Leiden University.
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Articulation and Phonological Disorders: Speech Sound Disorders in Children 7th International Edition
A classic in the field, Articulation and Phonological Disorders: Speech Sound Disorders in Children, 7e, presents the most up-to-date perspectives on the nature, assessment, and treatment of speech sound disorders. A must-have reference, this classic book delivers exceptional coverage of clinical literature and focuses on speech disorders of unknown causes. Offering a range of perspectives, it covers the normal aspects of speech sound articulation, normal speech sound acquisition, the classification of and factors related to the presence of phonological disorders, the assessment and remediation of speech sound disorders, and phonology as it relates to language and dialectal variations. This edition features twelve manageable chapters, including a new chapter on the classification of speech sound disorders, an expanded discussion of childhood apraxia of speech, additional coverage of evidence-based practices, and a look at both motor-based and linguistically-based treatment approaches.
About the Author
Dr. John Bernthal is professor emeritus of Special Education and Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. He has been a speech-language pathologist for over forty years, including employment in the public schools, at several universities, and professor and department chair for over thirty years. He conducted research, taught and published in the area of speech sounds disorders. He is a past president of the American Speech Language Hearing Association, an ASHA Fellow, and recipient of Honors of the Association. Dr. Nicholas Bankson is a professor emeritus at James Madison University. He has had a forty year career as a speech-language pathologist, including employment in the public schools, serving as the state supervisor of school programs in Kansas, plus twenty-seven years as a department chair in Communication Sciences and Disorders at Boston University and James Madison University. His scholarly efforts have focused on speech sound disorders and the assessment of language disorders in children. He is an ASHA Fellow, and a recipient ASHA’s Honors of the Association award. Dr. Peter Flipsen Jr., is a professor of Speech-Language Pathology at Idaho State University. He has more than twenty years of experience in the field as a clinician, teacher, and researcher. He teaches courses in phonetics and speech sound disorders in children and has published more than twenty peer-reviewed journal articles in the field. His research has focused on the classification of speech sound disorders, measurement of intelligibility of speech, and speech and language development in children with cochlear implants.
This is a Cengage Learning custom solution, designed specifically to meet the needs of education students. Educational Foundations has been compiled by Wilma Vialle and Irina Verenikina at the University of Wollongong
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How To Be Happy: How Developing Your Confidence, Resilience, Appreciation and Communication Can Lead to a Happier, Healthier You
We all have the capacity to be happy. There may be occasions in your life where this seems a challenging concept, however there are some very definite things that you can do to make sure that you are happy more often than not. After all, happy people get sick less often, they have more energy, are more creative, sustain more positive relationships and are more fun to be around.
With the help of Liggy Webb, you can create your own personal happiness toolkit! How to be Happy will help you feel more self-empowered and in control of any situation, helping you progress in your work and personal life.
You will learn how to:
• Build your self-confidence to make the best of who you are
• Be open to learning new things, to become more effective and creative
• Develop an attitude of gratitude to appreciate life more
• Encourage and sustain positive relationships
• Build your resilience and emotional strength to cope with stress and manage change
• Foster a healthy attitude and get fit for life
You can make the decision right now to be happier if you really want to be. Life is what you make it – so learn how to be happy, effective and energetic – and watch how it inspires those around you.