Invisible Mind: Flexible Social Cognition and Dehumanization
In Invisible Minds, Lasana Harris takes a social neuroscience approach to explaining the worst of human behavior. How can a person take part in racially motivated violence and then tenderly cradle a baby or lovingly pet a puppy? Harris argues that our social cognition — the ability to infer the mental states of another agent — is flexible. That is, we can either engage or withhold social cognition. If we withhold social cognition, we dehumanize the other person. Integrating theory from a range of disciplines — social, developmental, and cognitive psychology, evolutionary anthropology, philosophy, economics, and law — with neuroscience data, Harris explores how and why we engage or withhold social cognition. He examines research in these different disciplines and describes biological processes that underlie flexible social cognition, including brain, genetic, hormonal, and physiological mechanisms. After laying out the philosophical and theoretical terrain, Harris explores examples of social cognitive ability in nonhumans and explains the evolutionary staying power of this trait. He addresses two motives for social cognition — prediction and explanation — and reviews cases of anthropomorphism (extending social cognition to entities without mental states) and dehumanization (withholding it from people with mental states). He discusses the relation of social cognition to the human/nonhuman distinction and to the evolution of sociality. He considers the importance of social context and, finally, he speculates about the implications of flexible social cognition in such arenas for human interaction as athletic competition and international disputes.
About the Author
Lasana T. Harris is Senior Lecturer in Experimental Psychology at University College London and Guest Lecturer in Social and Organizational Psychology at Leiden University.
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One of the noteworthy global achievements of the past two decades has been the remarkable increase in thenumber of children attending school and the number of children completing the primary cycle. As more children start school, the focus has shifted toward the quality of their education—on true learning, not just schooling. The critical role played by teachers to enhance the quality of education is especially salient in a populous, geographically dispersed, and culturally diverse country such as Indonesia. With close to three million teachers, Indonesia has one of the largest and most diverse cadres of educators in the world. The comprehensive Teacher and Lecturer Law, approved by the Indonesian government in 2005, radically reformed the management and development of those teachers. Teacher Reform in Indonesia: The Role of Politics and Evidence in Policy Making features a comprehensive analysis of the teaching profession and the impact of recent reforms, which included the doubling of a teacher’s basic pay once he/she satisfies the conditions necessary for certification—a factor that has improved the status ofteachers and attracted better candidates to teacher training institutions. This book provides a description of the political and economic context in which the reform was developed and implemented as wellas an analysis of how the reform affected teacher quality and student outcomes. The book’s framework promotes an approach to reforms based on improving the nature of teacher recruitment; preservice education; induction, mentoring, and probation; formal certification; continuing professional development; teacher performance appraisal; and ongoing career development. The recent history of teacher reform in Indonesia can inform other countries seeking to improve their educational systems and, ultimately, the success of their teachers and students. This book should therefore be of particular interest to Ministries of Education that contemplate similar reforms and development agencies and practitioners that seek to support country efforts to strengthen the teaching profession.
Introductory texts in psychology present an opportunity to discover reasons for human behaviour and address the issues which impact upon their behaviour. This first Australian and New Zealand adaptation of the well respected Psychology 9th edition, by Bernstein et al. continues to strike a balance between classical and contemporary topics with an easy to read, comprehensive, research-oriented approach. The text takes an active learning approach with the use of hallmark pedagogical features such as Linkages, Focus on Research Methods, and Thinking Critically. Features enriching this adaptation include research, issues and examples of psychology relevant to the Australian and New Zealand regional perspective; indigenous research; graduate attributes and psychological literacy sections; other cultural and international considerations, and extended online appendices for searching psychology databases and careers in psychology.
Table of Contents
1. Introducing Psychology 2. Research in Psychology 3. Biological Aspects of Psychology 4. Sensation 5. Perception 6. Learning 7. Memory 8. Cognition and Language 9. Consciousness 10. Cognitive Abilities 11. Motivation and Emotion 12. Human Development 13. Health, Stress, and Coping 14. Personality 15. Psychological Disorders 16. Treatment of Psychological Disorders 17. Social Cognition 18. Social and Cultural Influence 19. Neuropsychology (online) Appendix A: Answers to In Review Questions Appendix B: Careers for Psychology Graduates (brief) Appendix B: Careers for Psychology Graduates (extended; online) Appendix C: Behavioural Genetics (online) Appendix D: Statistics in Psychological Research (online) Appendix E: Searching Psychology Databases (online)
Nelson Psychology VCE Units 3 & 4 Student Activity Manual has been completely revised to align with the VCAA VCE Psychology Study Design 2013 – 2016. The manual provides students with a range of engaging and practical activities that have been specifically designed to assist understanding, learning, revision and practice of the Key Knowledge and Key Skills detailed in the VCE Psychology Study Design. Activities help students further explore the concepts they are learning and assist in the consolidation of ideas. The activities and questions have been developed to provide students with valuable practice at answering VCE exam style questions. This manual can be used with any VCE Psychology textbook and many activities can be used as homework. Answers to activities are provided on NelsonNet.
A sensitive and thorough approach to childhood behavior disorders.
Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology presents a comprehensive, research-based introduction to understanding child and adolescent psychopathology. The authors provide a logically formatted and easy to understand text that covers the central issues and theoretical and methodological foundations of childhood behavior disorders.
Rich with illustrations and examples, this text highlights the newest areas of research and clinical work, stressing supported treatments and the prevention of behavior problems of youth.
Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:
- Understand the psychological problems found in children and adolescents
- Understand methods of treatment and prevention for childhood behavior disorders
- Discuss issues related to childhood behavior disorders