Invisible Mind: Flexible Social Cognition and Dehumanization
In Invisible Minds, Lasana Harris takes a social neuroscience approach to explaining the worst of human behavior. How can a person take part in racially motivated violence and then tenderly cradle a baby or lovingly pet a puppy? Harris argues that our social cognition — the ability to infer the mental states of another agent — is flexible. That is, we can either engage or withhold social cognition. If we withhold social cognition, we dehumanize the other person. Integrating theory from a range of disciplines — social, developmental, and cognitive psychology, evolutionary anthropology, philosophy, economics, and law — with neuroscience data, Harris explores how and why we engage or withhold social cognition. He examines research in these different disciplines and describes biological processes that underlie flexible social cognition, including brain, genetic, hormonal, and physiological mechanisms. After laying out the philosophical and theoretical terrain, Harris explores examples of social cognitive ability in nonhumans and explains the evolutionary staying power of this trait. He addresses two motives for social cognition — prediction and explanation — and reviews cases of anthropomorphism (extending social cognition to entities without mental states) and dehumanization (withholding it from people with mental states). He discusses the relation of social cognition to the human/nonhuman distinction and to the evolution of sociality. He considers the importance of social context and, finally, he speculates about the implications of flexible social cognition in such arenas for human interaction as athletic competition and international disputes.
About the Author
Lasana T. Harris is Senior Lecturer in Experimental Psychology at University College London and Guest Lecturer in Social and Organizational Psychology at Leiden University.
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Culture affects us in nearly every aspect of American life, and David Matsumoto provides readers with the knowledge and skills necessary to interact in our multicultural and pluralistic world.
This field-leading book puts psychological theories and concepts into a cross-cultural framework that invites readers to discover, question, and ultimately, understand the relationship between culture and psychology through exploration of topics like changing gender roles, sexuality, self-esteem, aggression, personality, and mate selection. It all adds up to a book that will leave readers with a deeper, more complex understanding of the nature of culture, its relationship to psychological processes, and the differences and similarities between cultures in the increasingly globalized world.
An edited collection of readings exploring sociological and social psychological analysis of extreme situations
From Slavery to 9/11: Readings in the Sociology and Social Psychology of Extreme Situations explores the social structure of total institutions and extreme situations and survival and coping mechanisms used by the people who have been affected by these institutions and events.
Topics include many of the defining events of the 19th and 20th centuries and the beginning of the 21st century: institutionalized slavery; genocidal atrocities and the Holocaust; September 11, 2001; and Hurricane Katrina.
Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:
- Explore historical and contemporary events
- Make connections between the institutions and events explored in the book
- Understand how people in total institutions, survivors of man-made disasters, and victims of natural disasters cope with their experiences
Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text.
About the Author
Sidney Langer holds a Bachelors degree in Psychology and Masters and Ph.D. degrees in Sociology. His areas of specialization include crime, delinquency, and the sociology of deviant behavior. Dr. Langer is professor of sociology at Kean University in New Jersey, where he has been a faculty member since 1975. Dr. Langer is a past recipient of Outstanding Teacher of the Year, awarded by Alpha Sigma Lambda- The National Honor Society for Adult Learners in Continuing Higher Education- Alpha Kappa Chapter of Kean University.
A genuinely student-friendly and engaging introduction to work psychology and organisational behaviour. Packed with real life examples and ethical dilemmas to start debate and get students thinking critically, The Psychology of People in Organisations offers authoritative content presented in a refreshingly accessible way.
Articulation and Phonological Disorders: Speech Sound Disorders in Children 7th International Edition
A classic in the field, Articulation and Phonological Disorders: Speech Sound Disorders in Children, 7e, presents the most up-to-date perspectives on the nature, assessment, and treatment of speech sound disorders. A must-have reference, this classic book delivers exceptional coverage of clinical literature and focuses on speech disorders of unknown causes. Offering a range of perspectives, it covers the normal aspects of speech sound articulation, normal speech sound acquisition, the classification of and factors related to the presence of phonological disorders, the assessment and remediation of speech sound disorders, and phonology as it relates to language and dialectal variations. This edition features twelve manageable chapters, including a new chapter on the classification of speech sound disorders, an expanded discussion of childhood apraxia of speech, additional coverage of evidence-based practices, and a look at both motor-based and linguistically-based treatment approaches.
About the Author
Dr. John Bernthal is professor emeritus of Special Education and Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. He has been a speech-language pathologist for over forty years, including employment in the public schools, at several universities, and professor and department chair for over thirty years. He conducted research, taught and published in the area of speech sounds disorders. He is a past president of the American Speech Language Hearing Association, an ASHA Fellow, and recipient of Honors of the Association. Dr. Nicholas Bankson is a professor emeritus at James Madison University. He has had a forty year career as a speech-language pathologist, including employment in the public schools, serving as the state supervisor of school programs in Kansas, plus twenty-seven years as a department chair in Communication Sciences and Disorders at Boston University and James Madison University. His scholarly efforts have focused on speech sound disorders and the assessment of language disorders in children. He is an ASHA Fellow, and a recipient ASHA’s Honors of the Association award. Dr. Peter Flipsen Jr., is a professor of Speech-Language Pathology at Idaho State University. He has more than twenty years of experience in the field as a clinician, teacher, and researcher. He teaches courses in phonetics and speech sound disorders in children and has published more than twenty peer-reviewed journal articles in the field. His research has focused on the classification of speech sound disorders, measurement of intelligibility of speech, and speech and language development in children with cochlear implants.