Invisible Mind: Flexible Social Cognition and Dehumanization
In Invisible Minds, Lasana Harris takes a social neuroscience approach to explaining the worst of human behavior. How can a person take part in racially motivated violence and then tenderly cradle a baby or lovingly pet a puppy? Harris argues that our social cognition — the ability to infer the mental states of another agent — is flexible. That is, we can either engage or withhold social cognition. If we withhold social cognition, we dehumanize the other person. Integrating theory from a range of disciplines — social, developmental, and cognitive psychology, evolutionary anthropology, philosophy, economics, and law — with neuroscience data, Harris explores how and why we engage or withhold social cognition. He examines research in these different disciplines and describes biological processes that underlie flexible social cognition, including brain, genetic, hormonal, and physiological mechanisms. After laying out the philosophical and theoretical terrain, Harris explores examples of social cognitive ability in nonhumans and explains the evolutionary staying power of this trait. He addresses two motives for social cognition — prediction and explanation — and reviews cases of anthropomorphism (extending social cognition to entities without mental states) and dehumanization (withholding it from people with mental states). He discusses the relation of social cognition to the human/nonhuman distinction and to the evolution of sociality. He considers the importance of social context and, finally, he speculates about the implications of flexible social cognition in such arenas for human interaction as athletic competition and international disputes.
About the Author
Lasana T. Harris is Senior Lecturer in Experimental Psychology at University College London and Guest Lecturer in Social and Organizational Psychology at Leiden University.
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A contemporary collection of readings on deviant behavior
This user-friendly reader contains readings that have been carefully written for clarity and conciseness. All of the articles reflect current trends in the sociology of deviance. The authors examine both criminal deviance (such as robbery and white-collar crime) and noncriminal deviance (such as pornography and tattooing).
Deviance Today explores contemporary trends in the study of deviance such as the emphasis on the constructionist perspective and the greater use of ethnography.
Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:
- Understand major theories in the sociology of deviance
- Explore current trends in deviant behavior
- Explore different methodologies used to gather data
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An invaluable foundation for anyone entering today’s global business and industrial world. This informative, sophisticated, and entertaining text teaches students about the nature of work in modern society by focusing on the practical and applied rather than the scientific ideal. Human resource development (employee selection, psychological testing, performance appraisal, and training); leadership, motivation, job satisfaction, and job involvement; working conditions, safety, violence, and health in the workplace. An excellent handbook for all human resource employees, as well as managers, executives, and others responsible for hiring personnel.
A sensitive and thorough approach to childhood behavior disorders.
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Rich with illustrations and examples, this text highlights the newest areas of research and clinical work, stressing supported treatments and the prevention of behavior problems of youth.
Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:
- Understand the psychological problems found in children and adolescents
- Understand methods of treatment and prevention for childhood behavior disorders
- Discuss issues related to childhood behavior disorders
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