Language : English
Published : 2018-01-18
Pages : 665
Large Igneous Provinces
Large igneous provinces (LIPs) are intraplate magmatic events, involving volumes of mainly mafic magma upwards of 100,000 km3, and often above 1 million km3. They are linked to continental break-up, global environmental catastrophes, regional uplift and a variety of ore deposit types. In this up-to-date, fascinating book, leading expert Richard E. Ernst explores all aspects of LIPs, beginning by introducing their definition and essential characteristics. Topics covered include continental and oceanic LIPs; their origins, structures, and geochemistry; geological and environmental effects; association with silicic, carbonatite and kimberlite magmatism; and analogues of LIPs in the Archean, and on other planets. The book concludes with an assessment of LIPs’ influence on natural resources such as mineral deposits, petroleum and aquifers. This is a one-stop resource for researchers and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines, including tectonics, igneous petrology, geochemistry, geophysics, Earth history, and planetary geology, and for mining industry professionals.
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Comprehensively revised, the fourth edition of this widely used text provides a global overview of the major topics within human geography, including resources, population, food security, the economy and development, geopolitics and territory, culture, society, cities, the environment and environmentalism, inequality, agriculture and rurality, the politics of place and globalisation, and global governance. Coherent and substantial chapters ensure balanced treatment across the range of contemporary human geography. Focusing on key geographical challenges facing the world in the early twenty-first century, stimulating coverage examines the diverse forces that shape economies and societies. Themes, issues and links are highlighted and emphasised to present a holistic view of what the editors describe as our ‘…interconnected, contradictory, complex, conflict-ridden and fantastically diverse planet.’ All chapters are written by specialists in the field and offer original, critical and engaging perspectives.
This book offers information and resources for users, including several new and enhanced chapters and images. It explores the ways in which economic relationships across space are established and maintained and the blurred line between economic processes and the social and cultural contexts in which they are embedded. The authors look at the role of social interaction in forming economic clusters, the role of gender and ethnicity in shaping economic processes, and finally the ways in which consumption processes are implicated in the identities of places and people.
About the Author
Neil M. Coe is Professor of Economic Geography at the National University of Singapore. Philip F. Kelly is Professor of Geography at York University, Canada. Henry W.C. Yeung is Professor of Economic Geography at the National University of Singapore.
The environmental life cycle of a product consists of all the stages, from raw material extraction through production and use to waste management. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), then, is the assessment of the environmental impact of a product throughout its life cycle. The holistic perspective that LCA provides on the environmental performance of products has made it a central concept for both environmental management in industry and environmental policy-making in public government. This is a textbook on LCA for those who want to learn the practice of LCA, e.g. environmental engineers, environmental managers and eco-designers. The title paraphrases Douglas Adams’ famous story “The Hitch Hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”, in which the machine Deep Thought after seven and a half million years of computing come up with ’42’ as the answer to the ‘great Question of Life, the Universe and Everything’. Expectations on LCA are often similar – simple answer to difficult environmental dilemmas, and the result often as incomprehensible as 42, unless one knows how to interpret LCA methodology and results. The book is organised in three parts covering LCA methodology, LCA applications and exercises on LCA. Two introductory chapters give a general overview of the LCA concept and its historical development. After that, LCA methodology is described in detail in six chapters. Different fields of LCA application are covered in five subsequent chapters. Since the aim of the book is to teach the execution of LCA, there are also a number of exercises. Smaller exercises train different aspects of LCA methodology and prepare for the larger ones, ten complete LCA exercise projects.
The Antarctic is one the most hostile natural environments in the world, an extraordinary physical space which changes significantly in shape and size with the passing of the seasons. In this Very Short Introduction, Klaus Dodds provides an up-to-date account of Antarctica, highlighting the main issues facing the continent today. The book sheds light on the scientific, historical, cultural, and political significance of one of the world’s most remote regions, providing the background to the physical geography of the continent. Politically, it is unique as it contains one of the few areas of continental space not claimed by any nation-state. Scientifically, the continental ice sheet has provided us with vital evidence about the Earth’s past climate. Looking at how the Antarctic has been explored and represented in the last hundred years, Dodds considers the main exploratory and scientific achievements of the region. In addition, he explains how processes such as globalization mean that the Antarctic is increasingly involved in a wider circuit of ideas, goods, people, trade, and governance-all of which have an impact on the future of the region.