Language : English
Published : 2018-01-18
Pages : 665
Large Igneous Provinces
Large igneous provinces (LIPs) are intraplate magmatic events, involving volumes of mainly mafic magma upwards of 100,000 km3, and often above 1 million km3. They are linked to continental break-up, global environmental catastrophes, regional uplift and a variety of ore deposit types. In this up-to-date, fascinating book, leading expert Richard E. Ernst explores all aspects of LIPs, beginning by introducing their definition and essential characteristics. Topics covered include continental and oceanic LIPs; their origins, structures, and geochemistry; geological and environmental effects; association with silicic, carbonatite and kimberlite magmatism; and analogues of LIPs in the Archean, and on other planets. The book concludes with an assessment of LIPs’ influence on natural resources such as mineral deposits, petroleum and aquifers. This is a one-stop resource for researchers and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines, including tectonics, igneous petrology, geochemistry, geophysics, Earth history, and planetary geology, and for mining industry professionals.
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Though the deep interior of the Earth (and other terrestrial planets) is inaccessible to humans, we are able to combine observational, experimental and computational (theoretical) studies to begin to understand the role of the deep Earth in the dynamics and evolution of the planet. This book brings together a series of reviews of key areas in this important and vibrant field of studies.
A range of material properties, including phase transformations and rheological properties, influences the way in which material is circulated within the planet. This circulation re-distributes key materials such as volatiles that affect the pattern of materials circulation. The understanding of deep Earth structure and dynamics is a key to the understanding of evolution and dynamics of terrestrial planets, including planets orbiting other stars.
This book contains chapters on deep Earth materials, compositional models, and geophysical studies of material circulation which together provide an invaluable synthesis of deep Earth research.
Readership: advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers in geophysics, mineral physics and geochemistry.
Symmetry is an immensely important concept in mathematics and throughout the sciences. In this Very Short Introduction, Ian Stewart demonstrates symmetry’s deep implications, showing how it even plays a major role in the current search to unify relativity and quantum theory. Stewart, a respected mathematician as well as a widely known popular-science and science-fiction writer, brings to this volume his deep knowledge of the subject and his gift for conveying science to general readers with clarity and humor. He describes how symmetry’s applications range across the entire field of mathematics and how symmetry governs the structure of crystals, innumerable types of pattern formation, and how systems change their state as parameters vary. Symmetry is also highly visual, with applications that include animal markings, locomotion, evolutionary biology, elastic buckling, waves, the shape of the Earth, and the form of galaxies. Fundamental physics is governed by symmetries in the laws of nature–Einstein’s point that the laws should be the same at all locations and all times.
About the Series:
Oxford’s Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects–from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative–yet always balanced and complete–discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.
Cengage Learning’s Natural Hazards and Disasters brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools along with market leading text content for introductory earth science courses. Adopt the resources that enable your students to purchase the right solution to meet their needs, whether it’s a traditional printed text, all digital learning platform, or package that includes the best of both worlds. With the recently updated Natural Hazards and Disasters and CourseMate’s interactive teaching and learning tools, it’s never been easier to help students understand the underlying geological processes, explore the impact these processes have on humans and vice versa, and analyze strategies for mitigating these hazards’ physical and financial harm.
About the Author
Donald Hyndman is an emeritus professor in the Department of Geology at the University of Montana, where he has taught courses in natural hazards, regional geology, igneous and metamorphic petrology, volcanology, and advanced igneous petrology. He continues to lecture on natural hazards. Donald is co-originator and coauthor of six books in the Roadside Geology series and one on the geology of the Pacific Northwest, and he has also written a textbook on Igneous Petrology. His B.S. in Geological Engineering is from the University of British Columbia, and his Ph.D. in Geology is from the University of California Berkeley. He has received the Distinguished Teaching Award and the Distinguished Scholar Award, both given by the University of Montana. David Hyndman is Donald’s son, and a young star in the geological sciences. He is a full professor at Michigan State University, after earning his PhD from Stanford University in 1995. In 2002 he received the Darcy Distinguished Lecturer award, the top award that a hydrogeologist may receive in his or her field. He has won several teaching awards at MSU as well, and is actively involved in the Interactive Studies 203 course at MSU, one of the largest enrollment earth sciences courses in the country.
While retaining the current blend of theory and practical application, this second edition of Plant Breeding is a completely revised and updated new edition of a popular book. This expanded edition has the additional benefit of input from a third author, Hugo Campos from agricultural company Monsanto, who has considerable experience working in plant breeding with commercial companies. New chapters entitled Complimentary Approaches to Plant Breeding , Broadening the Genetic Base and Developments in Plant Breeding further bring current research up to date. This is essential reading for all upper level students studying plant breeding and professional plant breeders.
About the Author
Jack Brown , Full Professor, Plant Breeding & Genetics, University of Idaho, USA . HNC Mathematics & Statistics, Napier College, Edinburgh, Scotland; MSc and PhD at St Andrews University, St Andrews, Scotland. Professor Brown has over 40 years of experience working as a plant breeder in the public and private sector and has developed and released cultivars of barley, potato, canola, mustard and wheat. Professor Brown currently teaches upper division and graduate classes in plant breeding, genetics, and field crop production. Peter Caligari , Full Professor, University of Talca, Chile . BSc, PhD and DSc at University of Birmingham, UK. Professor Caligari has over 40 years of research experience in, and application of, genetics and plant breeding in a range of crops including potatoes, cashew nuts, oil palm, lupins, strawberries and blueberries, and extensive teaching experience including plant breeding and genetics at the graduate and post-graduate level. Hugo Campos , Fellow, Monsanto, Chile . BSc at Universidad Austral de Chile, PhD at the John Innes Centre, UK, MBA at Universidad del Desarrollo, Chile. Dr Campos has over 24 years of experience in plant biotechnology, crop breeding and product development in industry, academia and international agricultural development.