Language : English
Published : 1998-12-01
Pages : 384
Notes on the State of Virginia (Penguin Classics): Annotated Edition
A request in 1780 by the French legation to the United States to learn more about the newly formed thirteen states of America stimulated in Jefferson, as he later described it, a “mysterious obligation for making me much better acquainted with my own country than I ever was before.” Written during his first term as governor of Virginia, Notes on the State of Virginia is at once a scientific discourse, an attempt to define America, and an examination of the idea of freedom. With the same genius and clear, flexible prose style that informs the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson chronicles Virginia’s natural, social, and political history. In his introduction to this annotated edition, which discusses the work’s origins and composition, Frank Shuffelton focuses particularly on Jefferson’s response to contemporary scientific writings on “New World degeneracy, ” his differing treatment of blacks and Native Americans, and his influential role in creating a mythicized American self-image.
Craving pleasure as well as knowledge, Raphael Sanzio was quick to realize that his talent would only be truly appreciated in the liberal, carefree and extravagantly sensual atmosphere of Rome during its golden age under Julius II and Leo X.
Arriving in the city in 1508 at the age of twenty-five, he was entranced and seduced by life at the papal court and within a few months had emerged as the most brilliant star in its intellectual firmament. His art achieved a natural grace that was totally uninhibited and free from subjection. His death, at just thirty-seven, plunged the city into the kind of despair that follows the passing of an esteemed and much loved prince.
In this major new biography Antonio Forcellino retraces the meteoric arc of Raphael’s career by re-examining contemporary documents and accounts and interpreting the artist’s works with the eye of an expert art restorer. Raphael’s paintings are vividly described and placed in their historical context. Forcellino analyses Raphael’s techniques for producing the large frescos for which he is so famous, examines his working practices and his organization of what was a new kind of artistic workshop, and shows how his female portraits expressed and conveyed a new attitude to women.
This rich and nuanced account casts aside the misconceptions passed on by those critics who persistently tried to undermine Raphael’s mythical status, enabling one of the greatest artists of all time to re-emerge fully as both man and artist.
A successful businessman, Lim Bo Seng became synonymous with the anti-war movement in Singapore during World War II. His commitment towards the resistance campaign against Japanese aggressors came with a hefty price. He was to suffer a heart-wrenching separation with his family and eventually sacrifice his own life. His incarceration in a prison for anti-Japanese activists was an ultimate test of faith. Yet the true hero never once faltered, not even under the harshest conditions imaginable. Lim fought his captors with his one and only weapon, an unbroken spirit. He died in triumph and his legacy lives on.
In this important new book, High argues that poverty reduction policies are formulated and implemented in fields of desire. Drawing on psychoanalytic understandings of desire, she shows that such programs circulate around the question of what is lacking. Far from rational responses to measures of need, then, the politics of poverty are unconscious, culturally expressed, mutually contradictory, and sometimes contrary to self-interest.
Based on long-term fieldwork in a Lao village that has been the subject of multiple poverty reduction and development programs, High’s account looks at implementation on the ground. While these efforts were laudable in their aims of reducing poverty, they often failed to achieve their objectives. Local people received them with suspicion and disillusionment. Nevertheless, poverty reduction policies continued to be renewed by planners and even desired locally. High relates this to the force of aspirations among rural Lao, ambivalent understandings of power and the “post-rebellious” moment in contemporary Laos.
Genghis Khan, one of the world’s most well-known conquerors, led an eventful childhood after the sudden and tragic death of his chieftain father. Abandoned by his own tribe which was torn apart by internal strife, he and his siblings, together with their mother, struggled to survive on the harsh steppes of Mongolia. This comic version of Genghis Khan charts his rise from an angst-ridden youth trying to rebuild his clan to become a fearsome warrior fighting back to regain what he had lost and more. This is the tale of one man who laid claim on the whole of Mongolia and created a mammoth empire stretching across Asia and Europe; a man whose name invoked fear in rulers everywhere. Genghis Khan, through his great vision, courage and determination, overcame all odds to make history by almost conquering the whole world. Follow Genghis Khan’s tribulations in defeats and triumphs as the book takes us back in time to the 13th century on the Mongolian steppes where it all began …