Racial Science and Human Diversity in Colonial Indonesia
Indonesia is home to diverse peoples who differ from one another in terms of physical appearance as well as social and cultural practices. The way such matters are understood is partly rooted in ideas developed by racial scientists working in the Netherlands Indies beginning in the late nineteenth century, who tried to develop systematic ways to define and identify distinctive races. Their work helped spread the idea that race had a scientific basis in anthropometry and craniology, and was central to people's identity, but their encounters in the archipelago also challenged their ideas about race. In The Archipelago of Difference, Fenneke Sysling draws on published works and private papers to describe to way Dutch racial scientists tried to make sense of the human diversity in the Indonesian archipelago. The making of racial knowledge, it contends, cannot be explained solely in terms of internal European intellectual developments but it was 'on the ground', that ideas about race weremade and unmade with a set of knowledge strategies that did not always combine well. Sysling describes how skulls were assembled through the colonial infrastructure, how measuring sessions were resisted, what role photography and plaster casting played in racial science and shows how these aspects of science in practice wereentangled with the Dutch colonial Empire.
About the Author
Dr. Fenneke Sysling is a historian of science and colonialism. She holds a PhD from the VU University of Amsterdam, Netherlands and has publishedon the history of museum collections, environmental history and the making of race. She is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Utrecht, Netherlands.
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This Study examines the transmission of ceremonial Dong Son bronze drums from their centres of production in north Vietnam and its immediate environs along river and maritime routes throughout Mainland and Island Southeast Asia (MSEA and ISEA) from the perspective of Late Metal Age (300 BC – AD 500) exchange networks. This period saw the growth of long-distance exchange linking MSEA and ISEA and involving the mainlamd to island transmission of bronze objects and casting technology. The distribution of ceremonial bronze drums associated with political/religious power along major routes marks contracts between early cultural spheres, and particularly possible alliances which would have favoured the exchange of commodities. The growth and progressive political significance of strategically located trade centres set the stage for the process of state formation during the historic period. Examining the distribution across present national boundaries, this study focuses on “what type of drums are found where” to identify different phases and routes of transmission associated with different inter-regional networks, interconnected cultural spheres, and regional bronze drum casting traditions arising from the influence of Dong Son drums.
When we talk about family values, like whether children need two parents, we are also talking about gender values, because a ‘yes’ answer to this question might imply that only women with husbands should have children. In the same way, when we talk about gender issues, such as whether men should be paid higher wages than women, we are also talking about family issues, because a ‘yes’ answer suggests that husbands should be the family breadwinner. In this updated second edition of Gender and Families, Coltrane and Adams continue to demystify the complexities and connections between gender and family in contemporary culture, with discussions of race, ethnicity, and social class.
About the Author
Scott Coltrane is Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Oregon. Michele Adams is assistant professor of Sociology at Tulane University.
Sociology: A Global Perspective, South African Edition introduces the reader to sociological concepts and theories that will enable you to analyse and understand compelling and significant global issues and events including: culture; socialisation and social interaction; race, ethnicity and social stratification; gender, family and education; economics and politics; religion; birth, death and migration; and social change.
About the Author
Esra Ozyurek is an associate professor at the European Institute of the London School of Economics. She is the author of “Nostalgia for the Modern: State Secularism and Everyday Politics in Turkey”.