Research Methodologies for Beginners
This textbook introduces the general points of view of research methodology in the scientific and engineering fields of study. It gives an overview of the technical and professional communication for the purpose of article publication in journals. The text contains a number of practice activities that give beginners the confidence to move on communicative activities. Problem sets are provided in each chapter to examine the reader’s understanding of each concept.
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Pharmaceutical microbiology has a bearing on all aspects of pharmacy, from the manufacture and quality control of pharmaceutical products through to an understanding of the mode of action of antibiotics. Fully revised and restructured, drawing on the contributions of subject experts, and including material relevant to the European curricula in pharmacy, the eighth edition covers: biology of micro-organisms pathogens and host response prescribing therapeutics contamination and infection control pharmaceutical production current trends and new directions Hugo and Russell’s Pharmaceutical Microbiology, a standard text for Schools of Pharmacy for seven editions , continues to be a user-friendly and authoritative guide for both students and practitioners of pharmacy and pharmaceutical microbiology.
This book is for readers with some background in science, concerning the search for drugs, starting from molecular diversity in nature or molecular wilderness. Drug molecules may be used as such, or as starting points for improved drugs obtained from the interface of chemistry and biology. In some cases, the essential molecular features for drug properties from natural molecules may be identified and modified to more effective ones. In other cases, nature provides the targets, such as essential enzymes from infectious microorganisms, from which synthetic drugs can be designed. The mechanisms of action of drugs can be discerned by studying target-drug interactions. Nature may fight back, as in cases when microorganisms become resistant to drugs, but we can again use the chemistry-biology interface to obtain drugs which overcome the resistance. The battle goes on, hopefully with victory for both humans and balance of nature. This book differs from those available on the subject of natural products and drugs derived therefrom in that it looks at the broad picture on how materials and organisms from nature affect our health and how we have combined our knowledge in chemistry, biology, and biodiversity to promote our wellness from resources in the “molecular wilderness,” with caveats on sustainable utilization of these resources. It is therefore suitable, not only for readers interested in science and medicine, but also for those with interest in policy issues concerning sustainable development, environment, and issues concerning interaction of science and society in general.
About the Author
Prof. Yongyuth Yuthavong is senior research fellow at the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) of Thailand. While working at Mahidol University, Thailand, he was given the “Outstanding Scientist of Thailand” Award (1984) for his research on malaria biochemistry. In 2004, he received the Nikkei Asia Prize for Science, Technology and Innovation from Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc., Japan, for his work on antimalarial drug targets. He is a former Minister of Science and Technology of Thailand (2006-2008) and was the first president of NSTDA (1992-1998). He is now involved in the development of drugs against drug-resistant malaria as well as policy issues for science and technology, and education in general. He has special interest in introducing science and technology to young people.
Considered an essential resource by many in the field, Diving and Subaquatic Medicine remains the leading text on diving medicine, written to fulfil the requirements of any general physician wishing to advise their patients appropriately when a diving trip is planned, for those accompanying diving expeditions or when a doctor is required to assess and treat anyone who has been involved in a diving accident. For this fifth edition the original author, Carl Edmonds, is joined by a new team of collaborators and the content has been entirely refreshed and updated throughout. Clinical cases, a feature popular with readers, are expanded, as is the illustrative content. Established and emerging diseases of diving medicine are all covered in full, as is the latest in types of diving, including free and indigenous diving, and associated equipment. Each medical disorder is discussed from a historical, etiological, clinical, pathological, preventative and therapeutic perspective in the informative and accessible style that has made previous editions so popular.
About the Author
Carl Edmonds, formerly OIC of the Royal Australian Navy Diving Medical Unit, Foundation President of the South Pacific Underwater Medical Society and Director of the Australian Diving Medical Centre, Sydney, Australia Michael Bennett, conjoint associate professor in anaesthesia and diving and hyperbaric medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia John Lippmann, founder, chairman and director of research, DAN (Divers Alert Network) Asia-Pacific, Ashburton, Australia Simon J. Mitchell, head, Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Auckland, New Zealand; and consultant in diving and hyperbaric medicine, Slark Hyperbaric Unit, North Shore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.