Singapore and Switzerland: Secrets to Small State Success
The cases of Singapore and Switzerland present a fascinating puzzle: how have two small states achieved similar levels of success through divergent pathways? Are both approaches equally sustainable, and what lessons do they hold for each other? While Singapore is the archetypal developmental state, whose success can be attributed to strong political leadership and long-term planning, Switzerland’s success is a more organic process, due to the propitious convergence of strong industries and a resilient citizenry. Yet throughout the course of their development, both countries have had to deal with the dual challenges of culturally heterogeneous populations and challenging regional contexts. Edited by Yvonne Guo and Jun Jie Woo, with forewords from Ambassadors Thomas Kupfer and Tommy Koh, Singapore and Switzerland: Secrets to Small State Success features contributions from distinguished scholars and policymakers who explore the dynamics of two small states which have topped international rankings in a dazzling array of policy areas, from economic competitiveness to education to governance, but whose pathways to success could not be more different.
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About the Author
Mark P. Taylor is Professor of Economics at the University of Warwick. He obtained his first degree in philosophy, politics and economics from Oxford University. He then worked as a foreign exchange dealer in London for two years while simultaneously studying part-time for a master’s degree in economics at London University, from where he also holds a doctorate in economics. Professor Taylor has taught economics at various universities (including Warwick, Oxford, Marseille and New York), at various levels (from principles courses to advanced graduate and MBA courses) and in various fields (including macroeconomics, microeconomics and econometrics). He also worked for several years as a senior economist at the International Monetary Fund and before that at the Bank of England. His work has been extensively published in scholarly journals, such as the Journal of Political Economy and the Economic Journal, and he is today one of the most highly cited economists in the world in economic research. In addition, Professor Taylor has acted as an advisor to the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Bank of England, the European Commission and to senior members of the UK government. He is a research fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research, a member of council of the Royal Economic Society, and a fellow of both the Royal Statistical Society and the Royal Society of Arts. Professor Taylor lives (with his wife and three children and his three dogs named Byron, Shelley and Aphra) near Kenilworth, Warwickshire (where he collects clocks and keeps bees). N. Gregory Mankiw is Robert M. Beren Professor of Economics and Chair of the Department of Economics at Harvard University. He studied economics at Princeton University and MIT. He has taught macroeconomics, microeconomics, statistics, and principles of economics. Professor Mankiw is a prolific writer and a regular participant in academic and policy debates. His research includes work on price adjustment, consumer behavior, financial markets, monetary and fiscal policy, and economic growth. His published articles have appeared in academic journals such as the AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, and QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS and in more widely accessible forums including THE NEW YORK TIMES, THE WASHINGTON POST, THE WALL STREET JOURNAL, and FORTUNE. In addition to his teaching, research, and writing, Professor Mankiw has been a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, an adviser to the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and the Congressional Budget Office, and a member of the ETS test development committee for the advanced placement exam in economics. From 2003 to 2005, he served as chairman of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. In addition, he maintains a very popular blog for students of economics at http://www.gregmankiw.blogspot.com.
This dedicated South African edition of Prof. N. Gregory Mankiw and Prof. Mark P. Taylor’s Economics combines up-to-date South African content and examples with a robust conceptual understanding of the subject using contemporary approaches to theory. The edition retains the features which have made the title so popular with students and instructors, including: the classic ten principles approach to economics – introduced in Chapter One and then referred to throughout the book designed to help build a framework for understanding. A rigorous emphasis throughout on ‘thinking like an economist’ – adopting the tools, methods and concepts economists use in addressing problems and issues. The main body of the text has been expertly tailored to South African students, encouraging them to apply the information and data supplied to their own environment and experiences.
Commerce.dot.com has been fully revised and updated, while retaining its original features that proved so popular. It incorporates the four core topics of the NSW Commerce syllabus: consumer choice, personal finance, law and society, and employment issues, while providing plenty of examples to consolidate student understanding. Knowledge, understanding and skills are developed using a variety of resources, from conventional to ICT-based activities. The text and associated activities encourage students to achieve a level of financial literacy necessary to operate effectively in a commercial environment. Values and attitudes are also explored to assist students in making considered decisions about present and future financial matters. The printed book is also available as a digital NelsonNetbook. The NelsonNetbook is free to schools who adopt (booklist) the series, or it can be purchased separately.
Written by Emeritus Professor LIM Chong-Yah, Founding Chairman of the tripartite National Wages Council (NWC), this unique volume offers readers an insider’s view of the genesis and the evolution of the wage determination mechanism and system in Singapore under the aegis of the NWC. As a tripartite body dealing with wages, wage policies and wage-related matters and promoting Growth with Equity, the NWC played a critical role in transforming industrial relations in Singapore from the then confrontational approach to that of mutual understanding, esprit de corps and social co-partnership. Drawing from his 30-year experience as NWC Chairman (1972-2001), Singapore’s eminent Economics Professor shares with readers the important process and problems of seeking equitable wage increases through tripartite consensus based on a yearly national wage guideline system. The book also chronicles the role of the NWC in crisis management in 1974, 1985 and 1998, and in Economic Restructuring, 1979-1981. The structure and operation of this unique Singapore institution and the interesting problems of securing unanimity of support from the three tripartite partners are revealed in the book. Some important NWC personalities and their concerns and unique contributions are interestingly covered, anecdotally.
Readership: Undergraduates, postgraduates and general public who have a keen interest in labour economics and industrial relations.