Social Equality: On What It Means to be Equals
Is equality valuable? This question dominates many discussions of social justice, which tend to center on whether certain forms of distributive equality are valuable, such as the equal distribution of primary social goods. But these discussions often neglect what is known as social or relational equality. Social equality suggests that equality is foremost about relationships and interactions between people, rather than being primarily about distribution. A number of philosophers have written about the significance of social equality, and it has also played an important role in real-life egalitarian movements, such as feminism and civil rights movements. However, as it has been relatively neglected in comparison to the debates about distributive equality, it requires much more theoretical attention. This volume brings together a collection of ten original essays which present new analyses of social and relational equality in philosophy and political theory. The essays analyze the nature of social equality, as well as its relationship to justice and politics.
About the Author
Carina Fourie is Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Ethics Research Institute, Philosophy Department, University of Zurich. Fabian Schuppert is Research Fellow at the Institute for Collaborative Research in the Humanities, Queen’s University Belfast. Ivo Wallimann-Helmer is Director of the program for Advanced Studies in Applied Ethics and Post-Doctoral Researcher in the University Research Priority Program for Ethics at the Centre for Ethics, University of Zurich.
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“A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy” is a milestone along the complex and difficult road to significant understanding by Westerners of the Asian peoples and a monumental contribution to the cause of philosophy. It is the first anthology of Chinese philosophy to cover its entire historical development. It provides substantial selections from all the great thinkers and schools in every period – ancient, medieval, modern, and contemporary – and includes in their entirety some of the most important classical texts. It deals with the fundamental and technical as well as the more general aspects of Chinese thought. With its new translation of source materials (some translated for the first time), its explanatory aids where necessary, its thoroughgoing scholarly documentation, this volume will be an indispensable guide for scholars, for college students, for serious readers interested in knowing the real China.
Originally delivered as the prestigious Mellon Lectures on the Fine Arts in 1995, After the End of Art remains a classic of art criticism and philosophy, and continues to generate heated debate for contending that art ended in the 1960s. Arthur Danto, one of the best-known art critics of his time, presents radical insights into art’s irrevocable deviation from its previous course and the decline of traditional aesthetics. He demonstrates the necessity for a new type of criticism in the face of contemporary art’s wide-open possibilities. This Princeton Classics edition includes a new foreword by philosopher Lydia Goehr.
About the Author
Arthur C. Danto (1924-2013) was the Johnsonian Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Columbia University and art critic for the “Nation” from 1984 to 2009. His books include “What Art Is” and “Encounters and Reflections”, winner of the 1990 National Book Critics Circle Award in Criticism. Lydia Goehr is professor of philosophy at Columbia University. Her books include “The Imaginary Museum of Musical Works” and “Elective Affinities”.
At the start of the new millennium cities are firmly back on the agenda. Cities are the sites of complex global/local interconnections producing a multiplicity of social, cultural, political and economic spaces and forms. It is no longer possible, if it ever was, to look at the city from one perspective. A Companion to the City sets out to think about cities in more textured ways and brings together scholars from a range of fields to create a multidisciplinary approach to the city. Academics from disciplines as diverse as film studies and economics, philosophy and geography, turn their attention to the city and generate exciting new ways of thinking. This Companion provides the reader with an indispensable and authoritative overview of the key debates, controversies, and questions concerning the city from a variety of theoretical vantage points with an international perspective. It can be used as as stand-alone text or in conjunction with The Blackwell City Reader (Blackwell Publishing, 2002), compiled by the same editors.
Available in English for the first time, Imperfect Garden is both an approachable intellectual history and a bracing treatise on how we should understand and experience our lives. In it, one of France’s most prominent intellectuals explores the foundations, limits, and possibilities of humanist thinking. Through his critical but sympathetic excavation of humanism, Tzvetan Todorov seeks an answer to modernity’s fundamental challenge: how to maintain our hard-won liberty without paying too dearly in social ties, common values, and a coherent and responsible sense of self.
Todorov reads afresh the works of major humanists–primarily Montaigne, Rousseau, and Constant, but also Descartes, Montesquieu, and Toqueville. Each chapter considers humanism’s approach to one major theme of human existence: liberty, social life, love, self, morality, and expression. Discussing humanism in dialogue with other systems, Todorov finds a response to the predicament of modernity that is far more instructive than any offered by conservatism, scientific determinism, existential individualism, or humanism’s other contemporary competitors. Humanism suggests that we are members of an intelligent and sociable species who can act according to our will while connecting the well-being of other members with our own. It is through this understanding of free will, Todorov argues, that we can use humanism to rescue universality and reconcile human liberty with solidarity and personal integrity.
Placing the history of ideas at the service of a quest for moral and political wisdom, Todorov’s compelling and no doubt controversial rethinking of humanist ideas testifies to the enduring capacity of those ideas to meditate on–and, if we are fortunate, cultivate–the imperfect garden in which we live.