Language : English
Published : 2017-06-30
Pages : 336
Sovereign Women in a Muslim Kingdom: The Sultanahs of Aceh, 1641-1699
From a corroboration of contemporary indigenous texts and European Companies’ sources, especially the VOC’s, this book provides new evidence and a fresh perspective on the women who ruled in succession in Aceh for half a decade of the seventeenth century. Where women rulers are usually seen as unnatural calamities, a violation of nature comparable to having hens instead of roosters crowing at dawn, or even forbidden justified in the name of religion, this book demonstrates how their rule was legitimised by both Islam and adat (indigenous customary laws). It provides original insights on women style of leadership, their unique relations with their male elite and foreign European envoys who visited their court and interrogates received views on kingship in the Malay world and how an indigenous polity responded to European Companies in the age of early east-west encounters during Southeast Asia’s Age of Commerce.
About the Author
Sher Banu A.L. Khan is assistant professor at the Malay Studies Department, National University of Singapore
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What would life in Singapore have been like if our forefathers had not persevered and imagined how they could make things better? If not for hard-working and enterprising individuals like Tan Kah Kee, Tan Tock Seng, Mohammed Eunos bin Abdullah, Naraina Pillai, P Govindasamy Pillai and Edwin Tessensohn, Singapore might not have turned out the way she did. This book pays tribute to these pioneers, showcasing their life and their achievements in an illustrated format.
Craving pleasure as well as knowledge, Raphael Sanzio was quick to realize that his talent would only be truly appreciated in the liberal, carefree and extravagantly sensual atmosphere of Rome during its golden age under Julius II and Leo X.
Arriving in the city in 1508 at the age of twenty-five, he was entranced and seduced by life at the papal court and within a few months had emerged as the most brilliant star in its intellectual firmament. His art achieved a natural grace that was totally uninhibited and free from subjection. His death, at just thirty-seven, plunged the city into the kind of despair that follows the passing of an esteemed and much loved prince.
In this major new biography Antonio Forcellino retraces the meteoric arc of Raphael’s career by re-examining contemporary documents and accounts and interpreting the artist’s works with the eye of an expert art restorer. Raphael’s paintings are vividly described and placed in their historical context. Forcellino analyses Raphael’s techniques for producing the large frescos for which he is so famous, examines his working practices and his organization of what was a new kind of artistic workshop, and shows how his female portraits expressed and conveyed a new attitude to women.
This rich and nuanced account casts aside the misconceptions passed on by those critics who persistently tried to undermine Raphael’s mythical status, enabling one of the greatest artists of all time to re-emerge fully as both man and artist.
“… they all beheld a strange animal. It seemed to move with great speed; it had a red body and a black haed; its breast was white; it was strong and active in build…”
And thus began the legacy of the mysteries of old Singapore – the legendary rajahs that ruled the island, the patriotism and treachery enacted in the place atop Fort Canning Hill, the aura surronging Redhill, Radin Mas, Kusu and Sisters Islands, and many more.
You will feel a sense of reverence and awe you witness the events that have helped shape the majestic character of our nation!
When the Opium War broke out in 1840, China entered its period of modern history. After the war, China signed a series of unequal treaties which almost reduced it to a colonized country under Western imperialist powers. Due to aggression from Western powers and the corruption of the Qing dynasty, the people yearned for a national revolution. Many important figures arose out of this national aspiration. It included Sun Yat-sen, Yuan Shikai, the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) who fought for power. China has gone through many challenging moments and events before arriving at what it is today. Chinese Modern History chronicles the events that occurred from 1840 to 1949, and the many important figures who changed the fate of modern China.