Statistical Mechanics: Entropy, Order Parameters and Complexity
In each generation, scientists must redefine their fields: abstracting, simplifying and distilling the previous standard topics to make room for new advances and methods. Sethna’s book takes this step for statistical mechanics – a field rooted in physics and chemistry whose ideas and methods are now central to information theory, complexity, and modern biology. Aimed at advanced undergraduates and early graduate students in all of these fields, Sethna limits his main presentation to the topics that future mathematicians and biologists, as well as physicists and chemists, will find fascinating and central to their work. The amazing breadth of the field is reflected in the author’s large supply of carefully crafted exercises, each an introduction to a whole field of study: everything from chaos through information theory to life at the end of the universe.
About the Author
Prof. James P. Sethna is Professor of Physics, Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.
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The science of magnetically confined plasmas covers the entire spectrum of physics from classical and relativistic electrodynamics to quantum mechanics. During the last sixty years of research, our initial primitive understanding of plasma physics has made impressive progress thanks to a variety of experiments – from tabletop devices with plasma temperatures of a few thousands of degrees and confinement times of less than 100 microseconds, to large tokamaks with plasma temperatures of up to five hundred million degrees and confinement times approaching one second. We discovered that plasma confinement is impaired by a variety of instabilities leading to turbulent processes with scales ranging from the plasma size to a few millimeters. Understanding these phenomena, which have slowed down progress towards a fusion reactor, requires the use of very sophisticated diagnostic tools, many of which employ electromagnetic waves. The primary objective of this book is to discuss the fundamental physics upon which the application of electromagnetic waves to the study of magnetically confined plasmas is based.
About the Author
J. Brian Knowles, PhD, DSc, now retired, remains professionally active with CEN Grenoble and KfK, where he compiled the results of European-wide MFCI experiments. In 1993, he visited the Russian Federation to discuss fast reactor collaboration as part of the European Commission’s Whole Core Accident Committee and was later a member of the OECD-CSNI working group on water reactor accident management. Dr. Knowles was also a UKAEA Section Head of Thermal Dynamics at Winfrith, where he was responsible for a comprehensive modular simulation of intact plant dynamics used in AGR and proposed fast reactor designs.
This second edition deals with the development of energy technology from the time of early humans through antiquity, medieval times, and the Industrial Revolution. The author addresses the development of nuclear energy, energy supply and demand, geopolitics of energy, and the various environmental issues associated with energy use in general. This revised edition offers simple updates, as well as completely rewritten material, regarding the last decade in areas including global climate change, oil prices, renewable and alternative fuels, and diversion of civil nuclear energy programs into nuclear weapons proliferation.
About the Author
Harold Schobert is professor emeritus of fuel science at Penn State University (University Park, PA) and extraordinary professor of natural sciences in the Coal Research Section at North-West University (Potchefstroom, South Africa). Professor Schobert is the author of ten other books and about 140 papers. His work has been recognized by his election as a Fellow of the American Chemical Society. He has received the Henry H. Storch award for lifetime excellence in fuel chemistry, as well as awards from Penn State’s College of Earth and Mineral Sciences for excellence in teaching and in research, and an award from the Golden Key Honor Society as Penn State’s outstanding faculty member.
The purpose of this third edition is to bring together in a single book descriptions of all tests carried out in the optical shop that are applicable to optical components and systems. This book is intended for the specialist as well as the non-specialist engaged in optical shop testing. There is currently a great deal of research being done in optical engineering. Making this new edition very timely.
About the Author
Daniel Malacara, PhD, is a Professor at the Centro de Investigaciones en Optica, Leon, Gto, Mexico. A designer and constructor of optical instruments, including telescopes, he is well known for his books, including Optical Shop Testing, which has been translated into several languages. Dr. Malacara is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America and of SPIE, the International Society of Optical Engineering.