Sustainable BUILT Environment: The Singapore Experience
This book was borne out of the recent publicity of the Singapore government disclosing its vision for Singapore to achieve a First World city status, thriving on a projected 6.5 million population. City growth in the world is inevitable and should be seen as a positive trend, despite concerns that many governments will not be able t address issues resulting from population increase. By 2030, the number of people living in major cities will surpass the rural population, and many of them will exceed 6.5 million with a destiny of more than 10,000 people per sq km. this dilemma has resulted in many homeless poor in high density cities creating significant impact on environment degradation.
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The environmental life cycle of a product consists of all the stages, from raw material extraction through production and use to waste management. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), then, is the assessment of the environmental impact of a product throughout its life cycle. The holistic perspective that LCA provides on the environmental performance of products has made it a central concept for both environmental management in industry and environmental policy-making in public government. This is a textbook on LCA for those who want to learn the practice of LCA, e.g. environmental engineers, environmental managers and eco-designers. The title paraphrases Douglas Adams’ famous story “The Hitch Hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”, in which the machine Deep Thought after seven and a half million years of computing come up with ’42’ as the answer to the ‘great Question of Life, the Universe and Everything’. Expectations on LCA are often similar – simple answer to difficult environmental dilemmas, and the result often as incomprehensible as 42, unless one knows how to interpret LCA methodology and results. The book is organised in three parts covering LCA methodology, LCA applications and exercises on LCA. Two introductory chapters give a general overview of the LCA concept and its historical development. After that, LCA methodology is described in detail in six chapters. Different fields of LCA application are covered in five subsequent chapters. Since the aim of the book is to teach the execution of LCA, there are also a number of exercises. Smaller exercises train different aspects of LCA methodology and prepare for the larger ones, ten complete LCA exercise projects.
Geography Skills for NCEA Level Three is a New Zealand write-on textbook for students engaged in programmes of learning that require students to demonstrate an understanding of environments through the selection and application of geographic concepts and skills. For students preparing for NCEA Level Three Geography or New Zealand Scholarship Geography, the text provides a concise but authoritative progression of the basic concepts and more complex geographical skills required for success in the concepts and skills-based external standard (Geography 3.4). Geography Skills for NCEA Level Three builds on geographic concepts and skills introduced in the previously published Geography Skills for NCEA Level One and Geography Skills for NCEA Level Two.
Symmetry is an immensely important concept in mathematics and throughout the sciences. In this Very Short Introduction, Ian Stewart demonstrates symmetry’s deep implications, showing how it even plays a major role in the current search to unify relativity and quantum theory. Stewart, a respected mathematician as well as a widely known popular-science and science-fiction writer, brings to this volume his deep knowledge of the subject and his gift for conveying science to general readers with clarity and humor. He describes how symmetry’s applications range across the entire field of mathematics and how symmetry governs the structure of crystals, innumerable types of pattern formation, and how systems change their state as parameters vary. Symmetry is also highly visual, with applications that include animal markings, locomotion, evolutionary biology, elastic buckling, waves, the shape of the Earth, and the form of galaxies. Fundamental physics is governed by symmetries in the laws of nature–Einstein’s point that the laws should be the same at all locations and all times.
About the Series:
Oxford’s Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects–from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative–yet always balanced and complete–discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.
Cengage Learning’s Natural Hazards and Disasters brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools along with market leading text content for introductory earth science courses. Adopt the resources that enable your students to purchase the right solution to meet their needs, whether it’s a traditional printed text, all digital learning platform, or package that includes the best of both worlds. With the recently updated Natural Hazards and Disasters and CourseMate’s interactive teaching and learning tools, it’s never been easier to help students understand the underlying geological processes, explore the impact these processes have on humans and vice versa, and analyze strategies for mitigating these hazards’ physical and financial harm.
About the Author
Donald Hyndman is an emeritus professor in the Department of Geology at the University of Montana, where he has taught courses in natural hazards, regional geology, igneous and metamorphic petrology, volcanology, and advanced igneous petrology. He continues to lecture on natural hazards. Donald is co-originator and coauthor of six books in the Roadside Geology series and one on the geology of the Pacific Northwest, and he has also written a textbook on Igneous Petrology. His B.S. in Geological Engineering is from the University of British Columbia, and his Ph.D. in Geology is from the University of California Berkeley. He has received the Distinguished Teaching Award and the Distinguished Scholar Award, both given by the University of Montana. David Hyndman is Donald’s son, and a young star in the geological sciences. He is a full professor at Michigan State University, after earning his PhD from Stanford University in 1995. In 2002 he received the Darcy Distinguished Lecturer award, the top award that a hydrogeologist may receive in his or her field. He has won several teaching awards at MSU as well, and is actively involved in the Interactive Studies 203 course at MSU, one of the largest enrollment earth sciences courses in the country.