Language : English
Published : 2018-03-01
Pages : 288
An accessible, concise primer on the neurological trait of synesthesia — vividly felt sensory couplings — by a founder of the field. One in twenty-three people carry the genes for the synesthesia. Not a disorder but a neurological trait — like perfect pitch — synesthesia creates vividly felt cross-sensory couplings. A synesthete might hear a voice and at the same time see it as a color or shape, taste its distinctive flavor, or feel it as a physical touch. In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Richard Cytowic, the expert who returned synesthesia to mainstream science after decades of oblivion, offers a concise, accessible primer on this fascinating human experience. Cytowic explains that synesthesia’s most frequent manifestation is seeing days of the week as colored, followed by sensing letters, numerals, and punctuation marks in different hues even when printed in black. Other manifestations include tasting food in shapes, seeing music in moving colors, and mapping numbers and other sequences spatially. One synesthete declares, “Chocolate smells pink and sparkly”; another invents a dish (chicken, vanilla ice cream, and orange juice concentrate) that tastes intensely blue. Cytowic, who in the 1980s revived scientific interest in synesthesia, sees it now understood as a spectrum, an umbrella term that covers five clusters of outwardly felt couplings that can occur via several pathways. Yet synesthetic or not, each brain uniquely filters what it perceives. Cytowic reminds us that each individual’s perspective on the world is thoroughly subjective.
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New and emerging directions in pharmaceutical research to better treat schizophrenia
Although the dopamine hypothesis has been the cornerstone of schizophrenia therapeutics, it is clear that dopamine-based approaches do not treat all aspects of the disease. Moreover, many schizophrenia patients fail to respond to current antipsychotics. Integrating chemistry, biology, and pharmacology, this book explores emerging directions in pharmaceutical research for drug targeting and discovery in order to find more effective treatments for schizophrenia, one of the most serious and widespread psychiatric diseases.
Targets and Emerging Therapies for Schizophrenia presents the basics of schizophrenia, drug targets for the disease, and potential new drugs and therapeutics. It begins with a discussion of prevalence and etiology. Then, it describes therapies such as dopamine agonists and phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors as well as growing research aimed at addressing untreated symptoms. Next, the authors discuss receptor modulators, inhibitors, and targeting strategies for drug discovery. Both the neurobiological and chemical aspects of all major pharmacological targets are examined.
With contributions from an international team of pioneering pharmaceutical researchers, this book compiles the current knowledge in the field, setting the stage for new breakthroughs in the treatment of schizophrenia. Targets and Emerging Therapies for Schizophrenia:
- Provides a comprehensive resource for neuro-drug discovery and the development of molecular targets for schizophrenia treatment
- Draws from chemistry, biology, and pharmacology for more effective drug targeting and discovery
- Explores a wide range of receptors and molecular targets, including dopamine, PDEs, and neuropeptides
With Targets and Emerging Therapies for Schizophrenia as their guide, drug discovery and development scientists have the information they need to advance their own research so that new, more effective treatments for schizophrenia will soon be a reality.
A contemporary collection of readings on deviant behavior
This user-friendly reader contains readings that have been carefully written for clarity and conciseness. All of the articles reflect current trends in the sociology of deviance. The authors examine both criminal deviance (such as robbery and white-collar crime) and noncriminal deviance (such as pornography and tattooing).
Deviance Today explores contemporary trends in the study of deviance such as the emphasis on the constructionist perspective and the greater use of ethnography.
Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:
- Understand major theories in the sociology of deviance
- Explore current trends in deviant behavior
- Explore different methodologies used to gather data
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How To Be Happy: How Developing Your Confidence, Resilience, Appreciation and Communication Can Lead to a Happier, Healthier You
We all have the capacity to be happy. There may be occasions in your life where this seems a challenging concept, however there are some very definite things that you can do to make sure that you are happy more often than not. After all, happy people get sick less often, they have more energy, are more creative, sustain more positive relationships and are more fun to be around.
With the help of Liggy Webb, you can create your own personal happiness toolkit! How to be Happy will help you feel more self-empowered and in control of any situation, helping you progress in your work and personal life.
You will learn how to:
• Build your self-confidence to make the best of who you are
• Be open to learning new things, to become more effective and creative
• Develop an attitude of gratitude to appreciate life more
• Encourage and sustain positive relationships
• Build your resilience and emotional strength to cope with stress and manage change
• Foster a healthy attitude and get fit for life
You can make the decision right now to be happier if you really want to be. Life is what you make it – so learn how to be happy, effective and energetic – and watch how it inspires those around you.