The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication from Ancient Times to the Internet
The magnificent, unrivaled history of codes and ciphers-how they’re made, how they’re broken, and the many and fascinating roles they’ve played since the dawn of civilization in war, business, diplomacy, and espionage-updated with a new chapter on computer cryptography and the Ultra secret. Man has created codes to keep secrets and has broken codes to learn those secrets since the time of the Pharaohs. For 4,000 years, fierce battles have been waged between codemakers and codebreakers, and the story of these battles is civilization’s secret history, the hidden account of how wars were won and lost, diplomatic intrigues foiled, business secrets stolen, governments ruined, computers hacked. From the XYZ Affair to the Dreyfus Affair, from the Gallic War to the Persian Gulf, from Druidic runes and the kaballah to outer space, from the Zimmermann telegram to Enigma to the Manhattan Project, codebreaking has shaped the course of human events to an extent beyond any easy reckoning. Once a government monopoly, cryptology today touches everybody. It secures the Internet, keeps e-mail private, maintains the integrity of cash machine transactions, and scrambles TV signals on unpaid-for channels. David Kahn’s The Codebreakers takes the measure of what codes and codebreaking have meant in human history in a single comprehensive account, astonishing in its scope and enthralling in its execution. Hailed upon first publication as a book likely to become the definitive work of its kind, The Codebreakers has more than lived up to that prediction: it remains unsurpassed. With a brilliant new chapter that makes use of previously classified documents to bring the book thoroughly up to date, and to explore the myriad ways computer codes and their hackers are changing all of our lives, The Codebreakers is the skeleton key to a thousand thrilling true stories of intrigue, mystery, and adventure. It is a masterpiece of the historian’s art.
About the Author
David Kahn, a recently visiting historian at the National Security Agency, is the world’s leading expert on the history of cryptology, and the author of Hitler’s Spies, Seizing the Enigma, and Kahn on Codes, as well as articles in numerous popular and technical journals. He holds a Ph.D. in Modern History from Oxford. An editor at Newsday, he lives in Great Neck, New York.
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Genghis Khan, one of the world’s most well-known conquerors, led an eventful childhood after the sudden and tragic death of his chieftain father. Abandoned by his own tribe which was torn apart by internal strife, he and his siblings, together with their mother, struggled to survive on the harsh steppes of Mongolia. This comic version of Genghis Khan charts his rise from an angst-ridden youth trying to rebuild his clan to become a fearsome warrior fighting back to regain what he had lost and more. This is the tale of one man who laid claim on the whole of Mongolia and created a mammoth empire stretching across Asia and Europe; a man whose name invoked fear in rulers everywhere. Genghis Khan, through his great vision, courage and determination, overcame all odds to make history by almost conquering the whole world. Follow Genghis Khan’s tribulations in defeats and triumphs as the book takes us back in time to the 13th century on the Mongolian steppes where it all began …
The premier study Bible used by scholars, pastors, undergraduate and graduate students, The New Oxford Annotated Bible offers a vast range of information, including extensive notes by experts in their fields; in-text maps, charts, and diagrams; supplementary essays on translation, biblical interpretation, cultural and historical background, and other general topics. Extensively revised-half of the material is brand new-featuring a new design to enhance readability, and brand-new color maps, the Annotated Fourth Edition adds to the established reputation of this essential biblical studies resource. Many new and revised maps, charts, and diagrams further clarify information found in the Scripture text. In addition, section introductions have been expanded and the book introductions present their information in a standard format so that students can find what they need to know. Of course, the Fourth Edition retains the features prized by students, including single column annotations at the foot of the pages, in-text charts, and maps, a page number-keyed index of all the study materials in the volume, and Oxford’s renowned Bible maps. This timely edition maintains and extends the excellence the Annotated’s users have come to expect, bringing still more insights, information, and perspectives to bear upon the understanding of the biblical text. BL The renowned New Revised Standard Version Bible translation, the scholarly standard for study of the Bible BL Wholly revised, and greatly expanded book introductions and annotations. BL Annotations in a single column across the page bottom, paragraphed according to their boldface topical headings. BL In-text background essays on the major divisions of the biblical text. BL Essays on the history of the formation of the biblical canon for Jews and various Christian churches. BL More detailed explanations of the historical background of the text. BL More in-depth treatment of the history and varieties of biblical criticism. BL A timeline of major events in the ancient Near East. BL A full index to all of the study materials, keyed to the page numbers on which they occur. BL A full glossary of scholarly and critical terms. BL 36-page section of full color New Oxford Bible Maps, approximately 40 in-text line drawing maps and diagrams. Classic but not stodgy, up-to-date but not trendy, The New Oxford Annotated Bible: 4th Edition is ready to serve new generations of students, teachers, and general readers.
About the Author
Michael Coogan is Lecturer on Old Testament/Hebrew Bible at Harvard Divinity School and Director of Publications for the Harvard Semitic Museum. He has also taught at Harvard University, Boston College, Wellesley College, Fordham University, and the University of Waterloo (Ontario), and has participated in and directed archaeological excavations in Israel, Jordan, Cyprus, and Egypt. He is the author of Old Testament text books and The Old Testament VSI.Marc Z. Brettler is Dora Golding Professor of Biblical Studies and chair of the Department of Near Eastern and Judaic Studies, Brandeis University.Carol Newsom is Charles Howard Candler Professor of Old Testament, Candler School of Theology, Emory University.Pheme Perkins is Professor of Theology at Boston College.
Unveil the secrets of the Chinese palace. Learn about behind-the-scenes-and-screens intrigues of the various dynasties of China in the great halls and buildings of the palace complex. Meet the occupants of the palace: the emperors, empresses, imperial concubines and siblings, eunuchs and many others, and find out how the notable ones altered the course of history.
We know him best as the founder of modern Singapore. He was instrumental in bringing about the island’s development into a free port. Yet, how much else do we know of the life of Sir Stamford Raffles? And what of his other achievements? For instance, few are aware of the following:
- He was from a poor family and had to leave school after just two years of study.
- At a young’s age, he became the main breadwinner for the family.
- He learnt to speak Malay at a time when few other English officials could speak the language.
- In Bencoolen, he liberated the African slaves imported by the the government and even built a school for their school.
Learn more about this pioneer orientalist, humanitarian and naturalist. Here, at last, is an insight into the public and private life of Raffles, a man of vision who was way ahead of his contemporaries in his thinking and entrepreneurial spirit.