Language : English
Published : 2017-10-31
Pages : 390
The Study of Behavior: Organization, Methods, and Principles
Behavior studies now span a variety of sub-disciplines, including behavioral ecology, neuroscience, cognitive psychology and evolutionary developmental biology. While the fields’ rapid growth has led to startling new insights into animal behavior, it has brought increasingly fragmented approaches to the subject. Integrating ideas and findings from a range of disciplines, this book provides a common framework for understanding diverse issues in behavior studies. The framework is derived from classical ethology, incorporating concepts and data from research in experimental psychology, neurophysiology and evolutionary biology. Hogan outlines the origin and development of major ideas and issues in the field, drawing on examples throughout to highlight connections across sub-disciplines. Demonstrating how results in one area can directly inform work in others, the book ultimately proposes concepts to facilitate new discussions that will open the way for improved dialog between researchers across behavior studies.
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Research Ethics for Scientists is about best practices in all the major areas of research management and practice that are common to scientific researchers, especially those in academia. Aimed towards the younger scientist, the book critically examines the key areas that continue to plague even experienced and well-meaning science professionals.
For ease of use, the book is arranged in functional themes and units that every scientist recognizes as crucial for sustained success in science; ideas, people, data, publications and funding. These key themes will help to highlight the elements of successful and ethical research as well as challenging the reader to develop their own ideas of how to conduct themselves within their work.
Tackles the ethical issues of being a scientist rather than the ethical questions raised by science itself * Case studies used for a practical approach * Written by an experienced researcher and PhD mentor * Accessible, user-friendly advice * Indispensible companion for students and young scientists.
From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems. Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability. * Provides a view of crop physiology as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy* Written by leading scientists from around the world* Combines environment-specific cropping systems and general principles of crop science to appeal to advanced students, and scientists in agriculture-related disciplines, from molecular sciences to natural resources management.
Principles of Proteomics, Second Edition, provides a concise and user-friendly introduction to the diverse technologies used for the large-scale analysis of proteins, as well as their applications, and their impact in areas such as drug discovery, agriculture, and the fight against disease. Proteomics is a fast-advancing field in which researchers seek to capture all the proteins in the cell and characterize them in ever more detail. Principles of Proteomics has been fully updated to reflect the most recent developments in the field without losing its focus on the underlying principles. With worked examples, case studies profiling both established and emerging technologies, and further reading lists for each chapter, Principles of Proteomics is an ideal introduction for students, researchers and those working in the industry.
About the Author
Richard Twyman is a scientific writer and lecturer in molecular biology and biotechnology, focusing on developmental and cell biology, gene transfer to microbes, animals and plants, transgenics, genetic manipulation, genomics, proteomics and systems biology. He has worked extensively in these topic areas and has written all manner of articles ranging from primary research papers and reviews in high-impact journals to some of the most popular scientific textbooks in the world, including Principles of Gene Manipulation (now nearly 30 years in print and in its 8th edition). He is also a contributor for Human Molecular Genetics (now 10 years in print and in its 3rd edition). After working as a research scientist and scientific writer for 10 years, Richard set up a scientific management consultancy in 2001 which has been very successful, with a client base now including many research institutes (e.g. Fraunhofer IME, RWTH University of Aachen, University of Verona, St Georges Hospital Medical School, University of Lleida, University of York, University of Oxford, University of Cambridge), prominent public institutions (e.g. Wellcome Trust, Spanish National Research Council), publishers (e.g. Garland Press, Taylor & Francis, Wiley-VCH, Ashley Publications, Blackwell Science, Elsevier) international research consortia (e.g. Pharma-Planta, Smart-Cell, Comofarm) and industrial customers (e.g. Sartorius-Stedim Biotech, Dow AgroScience). The work involves writing research articles, reviews, book chapters, grant proposals, reports, white papers and steering documents, including business development and strategy plans. In order to keep up with the latest in developmental biology, biotechnology, genomics and proteomics, Richard has links with a number of companies and academic institutions including the Fraunhofer IME in Germany, RWTH Aachen, the University of Warwick and Cranfield University where he lectures in biotechnology/genomics and scientific writing and management.
Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Second Edition addresses important issues by examining topics of global agriculture and food systems that are key to understanding the challenges we face. Questions it addresses include: * Will we be able to produce enough food to meet the increasing dietary needs and wants of the additional two billion people expected to inhabit our planet by 2050?* Will we be able to meet the need for so much more food while simultaneously reducing adverse environmental effects of today’s agriculture practices?* Will we be able to produce the additional food using less land and water than we use now? These are among the most important challenges that face our planet in the coming decades. The broad themes of food systems and people, agriculture and the environment, the science of agriculture, agricultural products, and agricultural production systems are covered in more than 200 separate chapters of this work. The book provides information that serves as the foundation for discussion of the food and environment challenges of the world. An international group of highly respected authors addresses these issues from a global perspective and provides the background, references, and linkages for further exploration of each of topics of this comprehensive work. * Addresses important challenges of sustainability and efficiency from a global perspective.* Takes a detailed look at the important issues affecting the agricultural and food industries today.* Full colour throughout.
About the Author
Neal Van Alfen is professor of plant pathology at UC Davis. His research focuses on fungal molecular biology with the goal of controlling plant diseases using low-input, sustainable methods such as biological control using fungal viruses. He also has expertise on the effects of air pollution on environmental health, having served as a consultant to industry in this area for 15 years. An elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Phytopathological Society, Van Alfen serves, or has served, on numerous national and international committees and boards, including the Binational Agricultural Research and Development Foundation, a foundation that supports about $ 8 million per year in research for Israeli and U.S. scientists. He is editor of the Annual Review of Phytopathology, the editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, and on the editorial board of Journal of Integrative Agriculture, the leading agricultural journal of China. He served as president of the American Phytopathological Society, was member-at-large of the Section on Agriculture, Food, and Renewable Resources of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, chaired the National Agricultural Biotechnology Council, chaired the Administrative Heads Section of the American Public and Land Grant Universities. Van Alfen served as dean of the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, UC Davis from 1999 – 2012 during which he led a three-fold increase of extramural research support per faculty member, created a number of research and outreach centers and institutes, including the Agricultural Sustainability Institute, the Robert Mondavi Institute for Wine and Food Science, and the Center for Produce Safety. He led fund raising efforts that resulted in creation of 14 new endowed chairs for faculty and resulted in the construction of a $ 100 million academic center for food and beverage research and education. The UC Davis agricultural, food and environmental science programs are routinely ranked among the best in the world. He previously served as head of the Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Texas A&M University; professor of biology and molecular biology and biochemistry and Cooperative Extension Specialist, Utah State University; and plant pathology research scientist, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven. Prior to earning a doctoral degree in plant pathology from UC Davis, Van Alfen earned bachelor’s (chemistry) and master’s (botany) degrees from Brigham Young University.