Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud
Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud offers a new perspective on perhaps the most important religious text of the Jewish tradition. It is widely recognized that the creators of the Talmud innovatively interpreted and changed the older traditions on which they drew. Nevertheless, it has been assumed that the ancient rabbis were committed to maintaining continuity with the past. Moulie Vidas argues on the contrary that structural features of the Talmud were designed to produce a discontinuity with tradition, and that this discontinuity was part and parcel of the rabbis’ self-conception. Both this self-conception and these structural features were part of a debate within and beyond the Jewish community about the transmission of tradition. Focusing on the Babylonian Talmud, produced in the rabbinic academies of late ancient Mesopotamia, Vidas analyzes key passages to show how the Talmud’s creators contrasted their own voice with that of their predecessors. He also examines Zoroastrian, Christian, and mystical Jewish sources to reconstruct the debates and wide-ranging conversations that shaped the Talmud’s literary and intellectual character.
About the Author
Moulie Vidas is an assistant professor in the Department of Religion and the Program in Judaic Studies at Princeton University.
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The Declaration Toward A Global Ethic was adopted by the Parliament of the World’s Religions on 4 September 1993. The term GLOBAL ETHIC refers to a set of common moral values and ethical standards which are shared by the different faiths and cultures. In bringing out the book Gateway to World Religions, Asiapac Books affirms our support towards “Declaration on Religious Harmony”. We aim to help promote harmony through helping readers to understand the core beliefs, values and practices of various religions here and worldwide. No man is an island. This saying is never more true than in today’s world. Within our multicultural, multiracial society, we would have friends and neighbours – and maybe even relatives! – who practise a different religion to ours. Therefore, a basic understanding and appreciation of the many religions around is necessary to enhance neighbourliness and promote peace and harmony in all societies. This book on 12 of the world’s major religions (as well as primal religions) showcases their main aspects and characteristics. While it does not attempt to cover every detail about each religion, there is hopefully sufficient information here to encourage you to embark on a personal journey to learn more about religions other than your own. Differences among the religions are explained, as similarities become apparent. Sharing such knowledge can pave the way to inter-religious understanding and cohesion. It is with this understanding and knowledge that we can accept and appreciate the diversity, richness – and relevance – of all the major religions practiced by our fellow human beings.
“Over the course of the past decade, journalists and other observers have noted a ‘conservative turn’ in Indonesian Islam, but without seriously investigating or explaining the nature and extent of the transformation(s) under way. With the publication of this excellent new volume, Martin van Bruinessen and his collaborators have now provided a fine-grained account of the complex and diverse manifestations of this ‘conservative turn’, with in-depth treatments of developments and trends across a range of different arenas and institutions – and regions – of Indonesian Islam. Van Bruinessen has always been a pioneering figure in the study of Islam in Indonesia, and with this volume he once again brings unparalleled insight and illumination to our understanding of Islamic life in the archipelago. This is a must-read book for anyone interested in Indonesian politics and society today.”–John Sidel, Professor of International and Comparative PoliticsLondon School of Economics and Political Science.
About the Author
Martin van Bruinessen is Emeritus Professor of Comparative Studies of Contemporary Muslim Societies at Utrecht University, the Netherlands and from 1999 to 2008 was one of the chairs at the International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World.
This book examines in great detail the extent and nature of the toleration for non-Muslim minorities in the two large Muslim-majority states of Southeast Asia – Indonesia and Malaysia. Set against the backdrop of increasing religious segregation and intolerance in recent years, Indonesia has witnessed an uneasy fluctuation in its traditional devotion to pluralist religious ideals and a tendency toward religious bigotry and state meddling in religious affairs. The Malaysian chapters deal with religious pluralism in Kuala Lumpur; Christian and Buddhist responses to perceived Muslim encroachment in their affairs; localized Christian minorities resisting and also accommodating hegemonic Muslim or Islamic presence and the intolerance of a dominant Sunni Islamic practice.
How are Christians to understand and undertake the discipline of psychology? This question has been of keen interest (and sometimes concern) to Christians because of the importance we place on a correct understanding of human nature. Psychology can sometimes seem disconnected from, if not antithetical to, Christian perspectives on life. How are we to understand our Christian beliefs about persons in relation to secular psychological beliefs? This revised edition of a widely appreciated text now presents five models for understanding the relationship between psychology and Christianity. All the essays and responses have been reworked and updated with some new contributors including the addition of a new perspective, the transformative view from John Coe and Todd Hall (Biola University). Also found here is David Powlison (Westminster Theological Seminary) who offers the biblical counseling model. The levels-of-explanation model is advanced by David G. Myers (Hope College), while Stanton L. Jones (Wheaton College) offers an entirely new chapter presenting the integration model. The Christian psychology model is put forth by Robert C. Roberts (Baylor University) now joined by Paul J. Watson (University of Tennesee, Chattanooga). Each of the contributors responds to the other essayists, noting points of agreement as well as problems they see. Eric L. Johnson provides a revised introduction that describes the history of Christians and psychology, as well as a conclusion that considers what might unite the five views and how a reader might evaluate the relative strengths and weaknesses of each view. Psychology and Christianity: Five Views has become a standard introductory textbook for students and professors of Christian psychology. This revision promises to keep it so.