Language : English
Published : 2010-10-10
Pages : 416
Wilhelm Dilthey: Selected Works Volume III
This volume provides Dilthey’s most mature and best formulation of his Critique of Historical Reason. It begins with three “Studies Toward the Foundation of the Human Sciences,” in which Dilthey refashions Husserlian concepts to describe the basic structures of consciousness relevant to historical understanding. The volume next presents the major 1910 work The Formation of the Historical World in the Human Sciences. Here Dilthey considers the degree to which carriers of history–individuals, cultures, institutions, and communities–can be articulated as productive systems capable of generating value and meaning and of realizing purposes. Hegel’s idea of objective spirit is reconceived in a more empirical form to designate the medium of commonality in which historical beings are immersed. Any universal claims about history need to be framed within the specific productive systems analyzed by the various human sciences. Dilthey’s drafts for the Continuation of the Formation contain extensive discussions of the categories most important for our knowledge of historical life: meaning, value, purpose, time, and development. He also examines the contributions of autobiography to historical understanding and of biography to scientific history. The finest summary of Dilthey’s views on hermeneutics can be found in “The Understanding of Other Persons and Their Manifestations of Life.” Here, Dilthey differentiates understanding relative to three kinds of manifestations of life. After giving his analysis of elementary understanding, he examines the role of induction in higher understanding and interpretation, and the relevance of transposition and re-experiencing for grasping individuality.
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This is the first complete, one-volume English translation of the ancient Chinese text Xunzi, one of the most extensive, sophisticated, and elegant works in the tradition of Confucian thought. Through essays, poetry, dialogues, and anecdotes, the Xunzi articulates a Confucian perspective on ethics, politics, warfare, language, psychology, human nature, ritual, and music, among other topics. Aimed at general readers and students of Chinese thought, Eric Hutton’s translation makes the full text of this important work more accessible in English than ever before. Named for its purported author, the Xunzi (literally, “Master Xun”) has long been neglected compared to works such as the Analects of Confucius and the Mencius. Yet interest in the Xunzi has grown in recent decades, and the text presents a much more systematic vision of the Confucian ideal than the fragmented sayings of Confucius and Mencius. In one famous, explicit contrast to them, the Xunzi argues that human nature is bad. However, it also allows that people can become good through rituals and institutions established by earlier sages. Indeed, the main purpose of the Xunzi is to urge people to become as good as possible, both for their own sakes and for the sake of peace and order in the world. In this edition, key terms are consistently translated to aid understanding and line numbers are provided for easy reference. Other features include a concise introduction, a timeline of early Chinese history, a list of important names and terms, cross-references, brief explanatory notes, a bibliography, and an index.
About the Author
Eric L. Hutton is associate professor of philosophy at the University of Utah.
Designed for today’s students through continuous feedback from students like you, ETHICS delivers a visually appealing, succinct print component, tear-out review cards and CourseMate, our online digital product that is proven to enhance your learning experience and improve your grades. CourseMate includes learning aids to accommodate your busy lifestyle such as an interactive eBook, self quizzes, downloadable flash cards, all included at an affordable price. ETHICS takes you on an inspiring exploration of theory and major contemporary moral problems. Step by step, this reader-friendly text guides you through sound reasoning strategies with its Thinking It Through modules, a course-long examination of an important ethical issue.
Here are the chief riches of more than 3,000 years of Indian philosophical thought-the ancient Vedas, the Upanisads, the epics, the treatises of the heterodox and orthodox systems, the commentaries of the scholastic period, and the contemporary writings. Introductions and interpretive commentaries are provided.