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In the dynamic digital age, the widespread use of computers has transformed engineering and science. A realistic and successful solution of an engineering problem usually begins with an accurate physical model of the problem and a proper understanding of the assumptions employed. With computers and appropriate software we can model and analyze complex physical systems and problems. However, efficient and accurate use of numerical results obtained from computer programs requires considerable background and advanced working knowledge to avoid blunders and the blind acceptance of computer results. This book provides the background and knowledge necessary to avoid these pitfalls, especially the most commonly used numerical methods employed in the solution of physical problems. It offers an in-depth presentation of the numerical methods for scales from nano to macro in nine self-contained chapters with extensive problems and up-to-date references, covering: Trends and new developments in simulation and computation Weighted residuals methods Finite difference methods Finite element methods Finite strip/layer/prism methods Boundary element methods Meshless methods Molecular dynamics Multiphysics problems Multiscale methods
Book presents a detailed study of the potential technologies for coupling solar energy and cooling systems. It starts with the theoretical background on the refrigeration cycles and their thermodynamic analysis followed by description of different technologies for solar cooling.
The history of gears with asymmetric teeth is not sufficiently recorded in modern gear literature, with some gear researchers concluding that asymmetric tooth gears were discovered just several decades ago. This book sheds light upon the origins and state of asymmetric gearing, referencing technical articles from the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. As a practicing gear engineer with nearly 40 years’ experience, author Alex Kapelevich has successfully implemented asymmetric gears in a variety of custom gear transmissions. This book addresses all aspects of asymmetric gear development, including theoretical fundamentals; tooth geometry optimization; stress analysis and rating; design and production specifics; analytical and experimental comparison to the best symmetric gears; and application examples. Readers are encouraged to look beyond the status quo established by traditional gear design, and to apply principles of asymmetric gearing to actual gear design. Optimal solutions are presented for gear drives that will maximize technical performance and marketability.
The book presents a compilation of research on meso/microforming processes, and offers systematic and holistic knowledge for the physical realization of developed processes. It discusses practical applications in fabrication of meso/microscale metallic sheet-metal parts via sheet-metal meso/microforming. In addition, the book provides extensive and informative illustrations, tables, case studies, photos and figures to convey knowledge of sheet-metal meso/microforming for fabrication of meso/microscale sheet-metal products in an illustrated manner. Key Features * Presents complete analysis and discussion of micro sheet metal forming processes * Guides reader across the mechanics, failures, prediction of failures and tooling and prospective applications * Discusses definitions of multi-scaled metal forming, sheet-metal meso/microforming and the challenges in such domains * Includes meso/micro-scaled sheet-metal parts design from a micro-manufacturability perspective, process determination, tooling design, product quality analysis, insurance and control * Covers industrial application and examples
Microorganisms are ubiquitously present in petroleum reservoirs and the facilities that produce them. Pipelines, vessels, and other equipment used in upstream oil and gas operations provide a vast and predominantly anoxic environment for microorganisms to thrive. The biggest technical challenge resulting from microbial activity in these engineered environments is the impact on materials integrity. Oilfield microorganisms can affect materials integrity profoundly through a multitude of elusive (bio)chemical mechanisms, collectively referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). MIC is estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all corrosion-related costs in the oil and gas industry. This book is intended as a comprehensive reference for integrity engineers, production chemists, oilfield microbiologists, and scientists working in the field of petroleum microbiology or corrosion. Exhaustively researched by leaders from both industry and academia, this book discusses the latest technological and scientific advances as well as relevant case studies to convey to readers an understanding of MIC and its effective management.
This revised and expanded Third Edition contains 21 chapters summarizing the latest thinking on various technologies relating to metalworking fluid development, laboratory evaluation, metallurgy, industrial application, fluid maintenance, recycling, waste treatment, health, government regulations, and cost/benefit analysis. All chapters of this uniquely comprehensive reference have been thoroughly updated, and two new chapters on rolling of metal flat sheets and nanoparticle lubricants in metalworking have been added. This must-have book for anyone in the field of metalworking includes new information on chemistries of the most common types of metalworking fluids, advances in recycling of metalworking fluids, and the latest government regulations, including EPA standards, the Globally Harmonized System being implemented for safety data sheets, and REACH legislation in Europe.
Since the publication of the second edition of Applied Reliability in 1995, the ready availability of inexpensive, powerful statistical software has changed the way statisticians and engineers look at and analyze all kinds of data. Problems in reliability that were once difficult and time consuming even for experts can now be solved with a few well-chosen clicks of a mouse. However, software documentation has had difficulty keeping up with the enhanced functionality added to new releases, especially in specialized areas such as reliability analysis. Using analysis capabilities in spreadsheet software and two well-maintained, supported, and frequently updated, popular software packages—Minitab and SAS JMP—the third edition of Applied Reliability is an easy-to-use guide to basic descriptive statistics, reliability concepts, and the properties of lifetime distributions such as the exponential, Weibull, and lognormal. The material covers reliability data plotting, acceleration models, life test data analysis, systems models, and much more. The third edition includes a new chapter on Bayesian reliability analysis and expanded, updated coverage of repairable system modeling. Taking a practical and example-oriented approach to reliability analysis, this book provides detailed illustrations of software implementation throughout and more than 150 worked-out examples done with JMP, Minitab, and several spreadsheet programs. In addition, there are nearly 300 figures, hundreds of exercises, and additional problems at the end of each chapter, and new material throughout. Software and other files are available for download online
The fully revised fourth edition of this successful textbook fills a void which will arise when British designers start using the European steel code EC3 instead of the current steel code BS5950. The principal feature of the forth edition is the discussion of the behaviour of steel structures and the criteria used in design according to the British version of EC3. Thus it serves to bridge the gap which too often occurs when attention is concentrated on methods of analysis and the sizing of structural components. Because emphasis is placed on the development of an understanding of behaviour, many analytical details are either omitted in favour of more descriptive explanations, or are relegated to appendices. The many worked examples both illustrate the behaviour of steel structures and exemplify details of the design process. The Behaviour and Design of Steel Structures to EC3 is a key text for senior undergraduate and graduate students, and an essential reference tool for practising structural engineers in the UK and other countries.
About the Author
Nick Trahair is Emeritus Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Sydney Mark Bradford is Professor of Civil Engineering and Scientia Professor of the University of New South Wales David A Nethercot is Professor of Civil Engineering and Head of Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Imperial College London Leroy Gardner is a Senior Lecturer in Structural Engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Imperial College London
Fermentation Microbiology and Biotechnology, Third Edition explores and illustrates the diverse array of metabolic pathways employed for the production of primary and secondary metabolites as well as biopharmaceuticals. This updated and expanded edition addresses the whole spectrum of fermentation biotechnology, from fermentation kinetics and dynamics to protein and co-factor engineering. The third edition builds upon the fine pedigree of its earlier predecessors and extends the spectrum of the book to reflect the multidisciplinary and buoyant nature of this subject area. To that end, the book contains four new chapters: Functional Genomics Solid-State Fermentations Applications of Metabolomics to Microbial Cell Factories Current Trends in Culturing Complex Plant Tissues for the Production of Metabolites and Elite Genotypes Organized and written in a concise manner, the book’s accessibility is enhanced by the inclusion of definition boxes in the margins explaining any new concept or specific term. The text also contains a significant number of case studies that illustrate current trends and their applications in the field. With contributions from a global group of eminent academics and industry experts, this book is certain to pave the way for new innovations in the exploitation of microorganisms for the benefit of mankind.
Completely revised and updated, this fourth edition of Structural Steelwork: Design to Limit State Theory describes the design theory and code requirements for common structures, connections, elements, and frames. It provides a comprehensive introduction to structural steelwork design with detailed explanations of the principles underlying steel design. See what’s in the Fourth Edition: * All chapters updated and rearranged to comply with Eurocode 3 * Compliant with the other Eurocodes * Coverage of both UK and Singapore National Annexes * Illustrated with fully worked examples and practice problems The fourth edition of an established and popular text, the book provides guidance for students of structural and civil engineering and is also sufficiently informative for practising engineers and architects who need an introduction to the Eurocodes.
About the Author
Dennis Lam is the Chair in Structural Engineering at the University of Bradford, UK. He is currently a Visiting Professor at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and is the President of Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures and vice chair of the research panel for the Institution of Structural Engineers. He is also a member of the British Standard Institute B525/ and CEN/T250/SC4 committees responsible for the BS5950 and Eurocode 4. Chiew Sing Ping is Head of the Division of Structures and Mechanics at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore and is Past President of the Singapore Structural Steel Society. Thien Cheong Ang was formerly at Nanyang Tech University in Singapore.
Principles of Composite Material Mechanics covers a unique blend of classical and contemporary mechanics of composites technologies. It presents analytical approaches ranging from the elementary mechanics of materials to more advanced elasticity and finite element numerical methods, discusses novel materials such as nanocomposites and hybrid multiscale composites, and examines the hygrothermal, viscoelastic, and dynamic behavior of composites. This fully revised and expanded Fourth Edition of the popular bestseller reflects the current state of the art, fresh insight gleaned from the author’s ongoing composites research, and pedagogical improvements based on feedback from students, colleagues, and the author’s own course notes. New to the Fourth Edition * New worked-out examples and homework problems are added in most chapters, bringing the grand total to 95 worked-out examples (a 19% increase) and 212 homework problems (a 12% increase) * Worked-out example problems and homework problems are now integrated within the chapters, making it clear to which section each example problem and homework problem relates * Answers to selected homework problems are featured in the back of the book Principles of Composite Material Mechanics, Fourth Edition provides a solid foundation upon which students can begin work in composite materials science and engineering. A complete solutions manual is included with qualifying course adoption.
About the Author
Ronald F. Gibson, Ph.D., is currently an adjunct professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Nevada, Reno. He has held full-time faculty positions at Iowa State University, University of Idaho, and Wayne State University, as well as visiting faculty positions at Stanford University, University of Florida, and Michigan State University. His industrial/government experience includes a position as a development engineer for Union Carbide Corporation, Nuclear Division and a summer faculty fellowship at the NASA Langley Research Center. Widely published and highly decorated, Dr. Gibson is an elected fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Society for Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, and American Society for Composites. He is also past president of the American Society for Composites, and a member of the American Society for Engineering Education, American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics, and Society for Experimental Mechanics.
This fourth edition of a bestselling textbook has been extensively rewritten and expanded in line with the current Eurocodes. It presents the principles of the design of concrete elements and of complete structures, with practical illustrations of the theory. It explains the background to the Eurocode rules and goes beyond the core topics to cover the design of foundations, retaining walls, and water retaining structures. The text includes more than sixty worked out design examples and more than six hundred diagrams, plans, and charts. It suitable for civil engineering courses and is a useful reference for practicing engineers.