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Commencing its search for a principled international criminal justice, this book argues that the Preamble to the Rome Statute requires a very different notion of justice than that which would be expected in domestic jurisdictions. This thinking necessitates theorising what international criminal justice requires in terms of its legitimacy much more than normative invocations, which in their unreality can endanger the satisfaction of two central concerns – the punitive and the harm-minimisation dimensions. The authors suggest that because of the unique nature and form of the four global crimes, pre-existing proof technologies are failing prosecutors and judges, forcing the development of an often unsustainable line of judicial reasoning. The empirical focus of the book is to look at JCE and aiding and abetting as case-studies in distortion. The substantial harm focus of ICJ invites applying compatible proof technologies from tort (causation, aggregation, and participation). The book concludes by examining recent developments in corporate criminal liability and criminalising associations, radically asserting that even in harmonising/hybridising international criminal law there resides a new and rational vision for the juridical project of international criminal justice.
The arts have a crucial role in empowering young people with special needs through diverse dance initiatives. Inclusive pedagogy that integrates all students in rich, equitable and just dance programmes within education frameworks is occurring alongside enabling projects by community groups and in the professional dance world where many high-profile choreographers actively seek opportunities to work across diversity to inspire creativity. Access and inclusion is increasingly the essence of projects for disenfranchised and traumatised youth who find creative expression, freedom and hope through dance. This volume foregrounds dance for young people with special needs and presents best practice scenarios in schools, communities and the professional sphere. International perspectives come from Australia, Brazil, Canada, Cambodia, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, South Africa, Taiwan, Timor Leste, the UK and the USA. Sections include: inclusive dance pedagogy equality, advocacy and policy changing practice for dance education community dance initiatives professional integrated collaborations
“Despite the accumulation of studies drawing from other fields, China-Africa studies still bears the hallmarks of its origins and popularization in IR – in Western and Chinese scholarship, and in this continues to shape subsequent work on it. New Directions in Africa-China Studies takes a step back from the ‘events-driven’ reactions and analysis characterizing much analysis in order to reflect more deeply on questions concerning how this has been, is and can be studied. This book offers a comprehensive and authoritative analytical review of the burgeoning area of China-Africa studies. The contributors draw on various disciplinary perspectives, posing not just methodological and theoretical questions about China-Africa and arguments for repositioning this as Africa-China but also raising wider issues, such as higher education in Africa or the global impact of China on social science. Showcasing a range of perspectives by an authoritative array of leading and emerging scholars, New Directions in Africa-China Studies is an essential read for scholars of the Africa-China relationships. It is also an authoritative resource for courses on African international relations, Chinese international relations, the South in Global Politics, or South-South development.”–Publisher’s summary.
As in the previous editions of this book, whilst strategic issues are included where appropriate, by concentrating on the operational and functional aspects of this dynamic subject, Digital Marketing: A Practical Approach provides a step-by-step guide to implementing the key aspects of online marketing. Similarly, although primarily aimed at an academic market, the practical – rather than purely theoretical – nature of the book means that it will be equally useful in both training and self-learning scenarios. After reading this book – and completing the exercises within it – the reader will be equipped to undertake any digital marketing role within a variety of organizations. The practical case-study exercises – based on theory and recognized good practice – will ensure that readers will be able to analyse situations within the work place, identify the most appropriate course of action and implement the strategies and tactics that will help the organization meet its online objectives. A key aspect to this digital marketing book is the use of a number of bespoke case studies that are designed to make clear how the impact of each online application varies between organizations and markets. For each section of every chapter there is a case study question that is pertinent to that subject – though readers are welcome to switch case studies for each question if they so wish, or even substitute their own organization. This makes the book an excellent text for work-based learning programmes such as Degree Apprenticeships. As the subject has evolved in recent years, so too has the structure of the third edition of this book. The book is now in two distinct parts. Part I considers the environment in which digital marketing is practised, digital buyer behaviour and has a chapter that includes sections covering strategic digital issues such as content marketing, attribution, influencers and digital marketing objectives. Part II replicates the successful structure of the first two editions of the book by having chapters devoted to the key elements of operational digital marketing. Essential updates made necessary by both technology and consumer behaviour are made to all elements, but specifically to programmatic advertising and marketing on social media. There is also the addition of a chapter devoted to e-metrics and online analytics. Online support and subject updates that both compliment and enhance each chapter’s content can be found on the author’s website at AlanCharlesworth.com/DigitalMarketing.
The Understanding Language series provides approachable, yet authoritative, introductions to all the major topics in linguistics. Ideal for students with little or no prior knowledge of linguistics, each book carefully explains the basics, emphasising understanding of the essential notions rather than arguing for a particular theoretical position. Understanding Language Change offers a complete introduction to historical linguistics and language change. The book takes a step-by-step approach, first by introducing concepts through English examples and building on this with illustrations from other languages. Key features of this introductory text include: up to date and recent case studies at the end of each chapter chapter summaries and exercises that feature a wide range of languages coverage of application of historical linguistics in each chapter glossary of terms This book is essential reading for any students studying Historical Linguistics for the first time.
In this best-selling introductory textbook, Janet Holmes and Nick Wilson examine the role of language in a variety of social contexts, considering both how language works and how it can be used to signal and interpret various aspects of social identity. Divided into three sections, this book explains basic sociolinguistic concepts in the light of classic approaches as well as introducing more recent research. This fifth edition has been revised and updated throughout using key concepts and examples to guide the reader through this fascinating area, including: a new chapter on identity that reflects the latest research; a brand new companion website which is fully cross-referenced within this book, and which includes and video and audio materials, interactive activities and links to useful websites; updated and revised examples and exercises which include new material from Tanzania, Wales, Paraguay and Timor-Leste; fully updated further reading and references sections. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics is the essential introductory text for all students of sociolinguistics and a splendid point of reference for students of English language studies, linguistics and applied linguistics.
Introducing Human Geographies is the leading guide to human geography for undergraduate students, explaining new thinking on essential topics and discussing exciting developments in the field. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and coverage is extended with new sections devoted to biogeographies, cartographies, mobilities, non-representational geographies, population geographies, public geographies and securities. Presented in three parts with 60 contributions written by expert international researchers, this text addresses the central ideas through which human geographers understand and shape their subject. Part I: Foundations engages students with key ideas that define human geography’s subject matter and approaches, through critical analyses of dualisms such as local-global, society-space and human-nonhuman. Part II: Themes explores human geography’s main sub-disciplines, with sections devoted to biogeographies, cartographies, cultural geographies, development geographies, economic geographies, environmental geographies, historical geographies, political geographies, population geographies, social geographies, urban and rural geographies. Finally, Part III: Horizons assesses the latest research in innovative areas, from mobilities and securities to non-representational geographies. This comprehensive, stimulating and cutting edge introduction to the field is richly illustrated throughout with full colour figures, maps and photos. These are available to download on the companion website, located at www.routledge.com/9781444135350.
Philosophy of language explores some of the most abstract yet most fundamental questions in philosophy. The ideas of some of the subject’s great founding figures, such as Gottlob Frege, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell, as well as of more recent figures such as Saul Kripke and Hilary Putnam, are central to a great many philosophical debates to this day.ã In this clear and carefully structured introduction to the subject Gary Kemp explains the following key topics: the basic nature of philosophy of language, its concepts, and its historical development Frege’s theory of sense and reference; Russell’s theory of definite descriptionsã Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, Ayer, and the Logical Positivists recent perspectives including Kripke, Kaplan and Putnam; arguments concerning necessity, indexicals, rigid designation and natural kinds The pragmatics of language, including speech-acts, presupposition and conversational implicature Davidson’s theory of language, the `principle of charity’, and the indeterminacy of interpretation puzzles surrounding the propositional attitudes (sentences which ascribe beliefs to people) Quine’s naturalism and its consequences for philosophy of language. The challenges presented by the later Wittgenstein Contemporary directions, including contextualism, fictional objects and the phenomenon of slurs This second edition has been thoroughly revised to include new key topics and updated material. Chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary make this an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of language and will be particularly useful for students coming to the subject for the first time.
This is the coursebook for Scientific Communication I, a one-semester, 2-credit course for students in the School of Biological Sciences and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. The broad aim of this course is to increase students’ abilities in academic communication related to their studies in science as well as in professional communication. Professional scientists not only need expert knowledge relating to science, but they also need to be able to communicate that knowledge, both to their scientific colleagues and also to the wider community. This coursebook is designed to help improve students’ skills in both areas of communication. Accessibly written and rigorously researched it provides up-to-date science-specific vocabulary and exercises to assist students to master Scientific Communication I.
Please note: As HW0001 English Proficiency is a co-requisite/pre-requisite for this course, please ensure that you have completed the course, signed up for it this semester or obtained exemption from this requirement.
This is the coursebook for Scientific Communication II, one-semester, 2-credit, advanced research writing course for science students in the School of Biological Sciences and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences at Nanyang Technological University (NTU). This course builds on the foundation course, Scientific Communication I. The broad aim of this course is to familiarise you with the linguistic features and organizational structure of scientific texts. We hope that you will both enjoy and benefit from the course. Science students not only need expect knowledge relating to their disciplines, but they also need to be able to communicate that knowledge to their peers, professors and the wider community. This course is designed to help you to improve your skills in all these areas of communication.
This is the coursebook for Engineering Communication I, a one-semester, 2-credit course that aims to enhance students’ abilities in academic communication related to their studies in engineering as well as in professional communication.