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This is the first comprehensive textbook in anthropological linguistics to be published for very many years. It provides a remarkably complete and authoritative review of research questions which span the disciplines of linguinitics and anthropology, yet presents a coherent, unified, biologically based view of this cross-disciplinary field. Anthropological linguistics is concerned with the place of language in its social and cultural context, with understanding the role of language in forging and sustaining cultural practices and social structures. While anthropological concept of culture, its subject matter ranges cry widely: from cognitive or psychologically oriented topics such as linguistic, relativity or universals of color terminology, to sociocultural issues such as language and gender, politeness, socialization, language contact, and linguistic engineering.All these topics and many more are addressed here, supported by examples and illustrations from an array of languages, especially those of Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Students will find in this book a careful evaluation of current issues and research questions, giving them a basic, yet well rounded understanding of their importance in a wider field; and they will find in each chapter suggestions for further readings, allowing them to pursue topics of particular interest to them.
About the Author
William A. Foley is Professor of Lingusitics at the University of Sydney. He is author of Functional Syntax and Universal Grammar (with R. van Valin) and The Papuan Languages fo New Guinea, and editor of The Role of Theory in Language Description.
Many arborists learn tree work practices without fully understanding the biological and physiological principles behind them. However, outcomes for the health and longevity of trees are greatly improved when an arborist understands the science behind the care of tree root systems and crowns. In Applied Tree Biology, Drs. Hirons and Thomas draw upon their decades of experience in the laboratory, classroom, and the field as well as the expertise of distinguished contributors to this volume to provide those responsible for tree care with the scientific information that informs best practices for planting, pruning, soil decompaction, irrigation, and much more. Takes a multidisciplinary approach, integrating knowledge from plant biology, physiology, arboriculture, ecology, and moreProvides a systematic presentation of fundamental tree biology and the scientific principles informing high quality tree carePresents accessible scientific information and best practices that help promote the health and longevity of treesReflects the authors decades of experience as tree biology researchers and educators, as well as their years of professional experience across the globe Applied Tree Biology is an indispensable source of practical, succinct information on tree biology, physiology, and ecology for professionals and interested amateurs involved with the care of trees. Arborists, foresters, and horticulturists at all stages of their careers will find this text particularly useful.
Introduction — The woody skeleton : trunk and branches — Leaves and crowns — Tree roots — The next generation of trees : from seeds to planting — Tree water relations — Tree carbon relations — Tree nutrition — Interactions with other organisms — Environmental challenges for trees
Articulatory Phonetics presents a concise and non-technical introduction to the physiological processes involved in producing sounds in human speech. Traces the path of the speech production system through to the point where simple vocal sounds are produced, covering the nervous system, and muscles, respiration, and phonation Introduces more complex anatomical concepts of articulatory phonetics and particular sounds of human speech, including brain anatomy and coarticulation Explores the most current methodologies, measurement tools, and theories in the field Features chapter-by-chapter exercises and a series of original illustrations which take the mystery out of the anatomy, physiology, and measurement techniques relevant to speech research Includes a companion website at www.wiley.com/go/articulatoryphonetics with additional exercises for each chapter and new, easy-to-understand images of the vocal tract and of measurement tools/data for articulatory phonetics teaching and research Password protected instructor?s material includes an answer key for the additional exercises
The updated edition of the essential guide to environmental psychology Thoroughly revised and updated, the second edition, Environmental Psychology: An Introduction offers an overview of the interplay between humans and their environments. The text examines the influence of the environment on human experiences, behaviour and well-being and explores the factors influencing environmental behaviour, and ways to encourage pro-environmental behaviour. The revised edition is a state-of-the art review of relevant theories and research on each of these topics. With contributions from an international panel of noted experts, the text addresses a wealth of topics including the main research methods in environmental psychology; effects of environmental stress; emotional impacts and meanings of natural environment experience; aesthetic appraisals of architecture; how to measure environmental behaviour; cognitive, emotional and social factors explaining environmental behaviour; effects and acceptability of strategies to promote pro-environmental factors; and much more. This important book: Discusses the environmental factors that threaten and promote human wellbeing Explores a wide range of factors influencing actions that affect environmental conditions Discusses the effects and acceptability of approaches that aim to encourage pro-environmental behavior Presents research results conducted in different regions in the world Contains contributions from noted experts Written for scholars and practitioners in the field, the revised edition of Environmental Psychology offers a comprehensive review of the most recent research available in environmental psychology.
Provides a revolutionary conceptual framework and practical tools to quantify uncertainty and recognize the value of flexibility in real estate development This book takes a practical “engineering” approach to the valuation of options and flexibility in real estate. It presents simple simulation models built in universal spreadsheet software such as Microsoft Excel®. These realistically reflects the varying and erratic sources of uncertainty and price dynamics that uniquely characterize real estate. The text covers new analytic procedures that are valuable for existing properties and enable a new, more profitable perspective on the planning, design, operation, and evaluation of large-scale, multi-phase development projects. The book thereby aims to significantly improve valuation and investment decision making. Flexibility and Real Estate Valuation Under Uncertainty: A Practical Guide for Developers is presented at 3 levels. First, it introduces and explains the concepts underlying the approach at a basic level accessible to non-technical and non-specialized readers. Its introductory and concluding chapters present the important “big picture” implications of the analysis for economic and valuation and for project design and investment decision making. At a second level, the book presents a framework, a roadmap for the prospective analyst. It describes the practical tools in detail, taking care to go through the elements of the approach step-by-step for clarity and easy reference. The third level includes more technical details and specific models. An Appendix discusses the technical details of real estate price dynamics. Associated web pages provide electronic spreadsheet templates for the models used as examples in the book. Some features of the book include: Concept and tools that are simple and accessible to a broad audience of practitioners; An approach relevant for all development projects; It complements the author’s Commercial Real Estate Analysis & Investments—the most-cited real estate investments textbook on the market. Flexibility and Real Estate Valuation Under Uncertainty: A Practical Guide for Developers is for everyone studying or concerned with the implementation of large-scale or multi-phase real estate development projects, as well as property investment and valuation more generally.
Forensic Psychology is essential reading for all undergraduate courses in forensic psychology and an excellent introduction for more detailed postgraduate courses. Expert authors cover every aspect of forensic psychology, from understanding criminal behaviour, to applying psychological theory to criminal investigation, to analysis of the legal process and the roles of witnesses, to the treatment of offenders.
This book provides a coherent introduction to the principles and applications of the integrated electron microscope system. It is divided into three sections covering optical principles in diffraction and image formation, basic modes of light microscopy, and components of modern electronic imaging systems and image processing operations. Each chapter introduces relevant theory, followed by descriptions of instrument alignment and image interpretation. This revision includes new chapters on live cell imaging, measurement of protein dynamics, deconvolution microscopy, and interference microscopy.
About the Author
DOUGLAS B. MURPHY supervises core facilities inmicroscopy and histology at the new HHMI Janelia Farm ResearchCampus in Ashburn, Virginia. An Adjunct Professor of Cell Biologyat Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland, Dr.Murphy helped establish the School of Medicine Microscope Facilitythere, which he supervised until 2006.
MICHAEL W. DAVIDSON is an assistant scholar/scientistaffiliated with the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory and theDepartment of Biological Science at Florida State University wherehe is involved in developing educational websites. His digitalimages and photomicrographs have graced the covers of over 2,000publications.
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of geochemistry. The book first lays out the ?geochemical toolbox?: the basic principles and techniques of modern geochemistry, beginning with a review of thermodynamics and kinetics as they apply to the Earth and its environs. These basic concepts are then applied to understanding processes in aqueous systems and the behavior of trace elements in magmatic systems. Subsequent chapters introduce radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry and illustrate their application to such diverse topics as determining geologic time, ancient climates, and the diets of prehistoric peoples. The focus then broadens to the formation of the solar system, the Earth, and the elements themselves. Then the composition of the Earth itself becomes the topic, examining the composition of the core, the mantle, and the crust and exploring how this structure originated. A final chapter covers organic chemistry, including the origin of fossil fuels and the carbon cycle?s role in controlling Earth?s climate, both in the geologic past and the rapidly changing present. Geochemistry is essential reading for all earth science students, as well as for researchers and applied scientists who require an introduction to the essential theory of geochemistry, and a survey of its applications in the earth and environmental sciences.
Global Complexity is a path-breaking book, which examines how the ideas of chaos and complexity can help us to analyse global processes. Urry argues that there are major advantages in thinking about global processes in this way. The idea of complexity emphasizes that systems are balanced between order and chaos, that a system does not necessarily move towards equilibrium and that events are both unpredictable and irreversible in their effects. Hence specific events can have unexpected effects, often distant in time and space from where they occurred. This book combines new theory with many illustrations of how global processes operate. Urry distinguishes between lsquo; global networksrsquo; and lsquo; global fluidsrsquo; , and shows how forms of global emergence develop from the complex relationships between these networks and fluids. He draws out the implications of global complexity for our understanding of social order and argues that complexity requires us to reformulate the main categories of sociology and to reject any globalization thesis that is over-unified, dominant and unambiguous in its effects. Global systems are always lsquo; on the edge of chaosrsquo; . This book will be of particular interest to students and scholars of sociology, politics, geography and economics and to and to all those concerned with rethinking the nature of globalization.
Pharmaceutical microbiology has a bearing on all aspects of pharmacy, from the manufacture and quality control of pharmaceutical products through to an understanding of the mode of action of antibiotics. Fully revised and restructured, drawing on the contributions of subject experts, and including material relevant to the European curricula in pharmacy, the eighth edition covers: biology of micro-organisms pathogens and host response prescribing therapeutics contamination and infection control pharmaceutical production current trends and new directions Hugo and Russell’s Pharmaceutical Microbiology, a standard text for Schools of Pharmacy for seven editions , continues to be a user-friendly and authoritative guide for both students and practitioners of pharmacy and pharmaceutical microbiology.
This authoritative book on MALDI MS, now finally available in its second edition and edited by one of its inventors, gives an in-depth description of the many different applications, along with a detailed discussion of the technology itself. Thoroughly updated and expanded, with contributions from key players in the field, this unique book provides a comprehensive overview of MALDI MS along with its possibilities and limitations. The initial chapters deal with the technology and the instrumental setup, followed by chapters on the use of MALDI MS in protein research (including proteomics), genomics, glycomics and lipidomics. The option of MALDI-MS for the analysis of polymers and small molecules are also covered in separate chapters, while new to this edition is a section devoted to the interplay of MALDI MS and bioinformatics. A much-needed practical and educational asset for individuals, academic institutions and companies in the field of bioanalytics.
About the Author
Franz Hillenkamp is Professor Emeritus at the University of Munster, Germany. He holds a MS degree in electrical engineering from Purdue University, USA, and a PhD from the Technical University of Munich, Germany. Before he was appointed Professor of Biophysics and Medical Physics at Munster in 1986, he held a professorship at the University of Frankfurt, Germany. During the 1980s, he developed the now world famous MALDI technique that was later on shown to be highly useful for the analysis of biomolecules. For his ground-breaking work on mass spectrometry methods, Professor Hillenkamp has received numerous awards, among them the Thomson Medal of the Mass Spectrometry Society, the Fresenius Medal of the German Chemical Society, and the Bergman Medal of the Swedish Chemical Society. Jasna Peter-Katalinic is Professor at the University of Rijeka, Croatia, and former Associate Professor of Biophysics at the University of Munster, Germany. She was born and educated in Zagreb, Croatia, and obtained her PhD in chemistry at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. After the postdoc time at the Texas A M University, USA, she obtained the habilitation in physiological chemistry from the University of Bonn, Germany. She pioneered the introduction of modern mass spectrometric methods to structural glycobiology/ glycomics, as described in more than 250 publications. Her current interests are in the Human Glycoproteome Initiative and Nanobioanalytics. She was the first recipient of the Life Science Award from the German Society of Mass Spectrometry in 2002.
During the first few decades of the twentieth century, philosophers and mathematicians mounted a sustained effort to clarify the nature of mathematics. This led to considerable discord, even enmity, and yielded fascinating and fruitful work of both a mathematical and a philosophical nature. It was one of the most exhilarating intellectual adventures of the century, pursued at an extraordinarily high level of acuity and imagination. Its legacy principally consists of three original and finely articulated programs that seek to view mathematics in the proper light: logicism, intuitionism, and finitism. Each is notable for its symbiotic melding together of philosophical vision and mathematical work: the philosophical ideas are given their substance by specific mathematical developments, which are in turn given their point by philosophical reflection. This book provides an accessible, critical introduction to these three projects as it describes and investigates both their philosophical and their mathematical components. Solutions manual is available upon request.
Soil remains one of the most important, yet most abused, natural resources on the planet. Responsible management of soil and associated water resources plays a critical role in the survival and prosperity of many nations around the world. Principles and Practice of Soil Science, Fourth Edition provides a current and comprehensive introduction to soil science for students in the fields of environmental and agricultural science, ecology, soil and land management, natural resource management and environmental engineering. The text focuses on the fundamental concepts of how soils function and how this functioning is vital to productive and environmentally benign soil use. The Fourth Edition of this classic text includes: Fully updated coverage of all the major aspects of soil science, from the soil habitat to processes in the soil environment and management for sustainable production Discussion of soil management and environmental impacts Emphasis on the applications of soil science to the solution of practical problems in soil and land management Real world examples drawn from the author’s international experience in the field A thoroughly updated art package, with new colour photographs and diagrams to help students visualize key concepts New problem sets at the end of each chapter, designed to reinforce important principles. An answer key is provided at the end of the text Although designed primarily for students, Principles and Practice of Soil Science, Fourth Edition is also an accessible reference for professional soil scientists, agronomists, ecologists, geomorphologists, engineers and land managers.
Revised and updated to reflect recent theoretical developments in the field, Semantics , 4th Edition, presents an engaging and accessible introduction to the study of meaning in language for students new to the field of semantics. * Covers all of the basic concepts and methods of the field of semantics, as well as some of the most important contemporary lines of research * Features a series of new exercises, along with their solutions, that are arranged by level of difficulty * Addresses componential theory, formal semantics, and cognitive semantics, the three main current theoretical approaches to semantics * Includes revisions and updates that reflect the most recent theoretical developments
About the Author
John I. Saeed is a Fellow of Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland, where he is a professor of linguistics. He is the author of several books, including Irish Sign Language: A Cognitive Linguistic Approach (with Lorraine Leeson, 2012), and Somali (1999).
A Classic adapted to modern times Rewritten and updated, this new edition of Statistics for Experimenters adopts the same approaches as the landmark First Edition by teaching with examples, readily understood graphics, and the appropriate use of computers. Catalyzing innovation, problem solving, and discovery, the Second Edition provides experimenters with the scientific and statistical tools needed to maximize the knowledge gained from research data, illustrating how these tools may best be utilized during all stages of the investigative process. The authors’ practical approach starts with a problem that needs to be solved and then examines the appropriate statistical methods of design and analysis. Providing even greater accessibility for its users, the Second Edition is thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the changes in techniques and technologies since the publication of the classic First Edition. Among the new topics included are: Graphical Analysis of Variance Computer Analysis of Complex Designs Simplification by transformation Hands-on experimentation using Response Service Methods Further development of robust product and process design using split plot arrangements and minimization of error transmission Introduction to Process Control, Forecasting and Time Series Illustrations demonstrating how multi-response problems can be solved using the concepts of active and inert factor spaces and canonical spaces Bayesian approaches to model selection and sequential experimentation An appendix featuring Quaquaversal quotes from a variety of sources including noted statisticians and scientists to famous philosophers is provided to illustrate key concepts and enliven the learning process. All the computations in the Second Edition can be done utilizing the statistical language R. Functions for displaying ANOVA and lamba plots, Bayesian screening, and model building are all included and R packages are available online. All theses topics can also be applied utilizing easy-to-use commercial software packages. Complete with applications covering the physical, engineering, biological, and social sciences, Statistics for Experimenters is designed for individuals who must use statistical approaches to conduct an experiment, but do not necessarily have formal training in statistics. Experimenters need only a basic understanding of mathematics to master all the statistical methods presented. This text is an essential reference for all researchers and is a highly recommended course book for undergraduate and graduate students.
“We highly recommend it—not just for statistically terrified biology students and faculty, but also for those who are occasionally anxious or uncertain. In addition to being a good starting point to learn statistics, it is a useful place to return to refresh your memory.” –The Quarterly Review of Biology, March 2009 “During the entire course of my Ph.D. I’ve been (embarrasingly) looking for a way to teach myself the fundamentals of statistical analysis. At this point in my education, I’ve come to realize that often times, simply knowing the basics is enough for you to properly apply even the most complex analytical methods. ‘Statistics for Terrified Biologists’ has been just such a book – it was more than worth the $40 I spent on it, and while my ‘book clubs’ aren’t meant to be reviews, I highly recommend the book to anyone who’s in a similar predicament to my own.” –Carlo Artieri’s Blog Book Club The typical biology student is “hardwired” to be wary of any tasks involving the application of mathematics and statistical analyses, but the plain fact is much of biology requires interpretation of experimental data through the use of statistical methods. This unique textbook aims to demystify statistical formulae for the average biology student. Written in a lively and engaging style, Statistics for Terrified Biologists draws on the author’s 30 years of lecturing experience. One of the foremost entomologists of his generation, van Emden has an extensive track record for successfully teaching statistical methods to even the most guarded of biology students. For the first time basic methods are presented using straightforward, jargon-free language. Students are taught to use simple formulae accurately to interpret what is being measured with each test and statistic, while at the same time learning to recognize overall patterns and guiding principles. Complemented by simple illustrations and useful case studies, this is an ideal statistics resource tool for undergraduate biology and environmental science students who lack confidence in their mathematical abilities.
This is the only book to focus on industrial and environmental applications of synthetic biology, covering 17 of the most promising uses in the areas of biofuel, bioremediation and biomaterials. The contributions are written by experts from academia, non-profit organizations and industry, outlining not only the scientific basics but also the economic, environmental and ethical impact of the new technologies. This makes it not only suitable as supplementary material for students but also the perfect companion for policy makers and funding agencies, if they are to make informed decisions about synthetic biology. Largely coordinated by Markus Schmidt, a policy adviser, and the only European to testify in front of the bioethics commission of the Obama administration.
About the Author
Markus Schmidt has an interdisciplinary background with an education in electronic and biomedical engineering, biology (MSc) and risk research (PhD). His research interests include risk assessment, the science-society interface, and technology assessment (TA) of novel bio-, nano- and converging technologies. Since 2005 he pioneered synthetic biology safety and ELSI research in Europe. See: www.markusschmidt.eu for details.
A core subject in food Science, food chemistry is the study of the chemical composition, processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of foods. This book is an English language translation of the author’s Czech-language food chemistry textbook. The first half of the book contains an introductory chapter and six chapters dealing with main macro- and micronutrients, and the essential nutritional factors that determine the nutritional and energy value of food raw materials and foods. It includes chapters devoted to amino acids, peptides and proteins, fats and other lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, mineral substances and water. The second half of the book deals with compounds responsible for odour, taste and colour that determine the sensory quality of food materials and foods. It further includes chapters devoted to antinutritional, toxic and other biologically active substances, food additives and contaminants. Students, teachers and food technologists will find this book an essential reference on detailed information about the changes and reactions that occur during food processing and storage and possibilities how to manage them. Nutritionists and those who are interested in healthy nutrition will find information about nutrients, novel foods, organic foods, nutraceuticals, dietary supplements, antinutritional factors, food additives and contaminants.
With its primary focus on the psychology of eating from a social, health, and clinical perspective, the second edition of The Psychology of Eating: From Healthy to Disordered Behavior presents an overview of the latest research into a wide range of eating-related behaviors Features the most up-to-date research relating to eating behavior Integrates psychological knowledge with several other disciplines Written in a lively, accessible style Supplemented with illustrations and maps to make literature more approachable
The fifth edition of Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Fluids incorporates two new tables: other material is being retained essentially as in the fourth edition, although tables beyond p.11 will be on different pages.The new tables are as follows: Data of Refrigerant 134a (tetrafluoroethane – CH2F-CF3) are being added because this refrigerant is environmentally more acceptable than Refrigerant 12 which it replaces. The table of R12 is being retained, however, because R12 will survive in much equipment for a long time. At present it is still uncertain whether R134a is a medium-term substitute, or will be used for much longer than a decade.Figure 15.11 from Engineering Thermodynamics, Work and Heat Transfer (Rogers & Mayhew, Longman 1992) is being included. The table contains, for selected substances, molar enthalpies and molar Gibbs functions of formation, and Equilibrium constants of formation, as well as molar heat capacities and absolute entropies.